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  • In the great 1974 film Godfather II.

  • There’s a scene about halfway through where Hyman Roth and

  • Michael Corleone and all the American gangsters are

  • gathered in a patio in Havana and it’s Hyman Roth’s 67th birthday,

  • and he’s giving a slice of cake to each gangster got -

  • Louis from Chicago you run the Copacabana, Frankie you get

  • the prostitutes, he’s dividing up the island among all the

  • American gangsters and appropriately enough the birthday cake has an outline

  • of Cuba on it, he’s giving them a slice of Cuba. And while

  • Hyman Roth is doing this he says: “Isn’t it great to be in

  • a country with a government that respects private

  • enterprise?” And that’s how media policies have been done

  • in the United States for the past 50 years and it’s

  • increasing in the last 20 years. Extraordinarily powerful

  • lobbyists duke it out behind closed doors for the biggest

  • slice of the cake. The public knows nothing about it, it

  • doesn’t participate.

  • And that’s the problem we face.

  • Media is the nervous system of a democracy. If it’s not

  • functioning well, the democracy can’t functioning. Were

  • heading towards an election where most people are never

  • going to be in a room with Kerry or Bush. What they learn

  • about the candidates is what the media shows them or tells

  • them. Decides not to show, not to tell.

  • People are faced with critical choices about the future of

  • the country when they go into the voting booth.

  • And I go in. And I have been, through the course of a

  • campaign cycle subject to false, distorted, caricaturing,

  • And I may not even know where it’s coming from because

  • often there’s an echo effect off places like cable and like

  • radio and those wrong pieces of information are repeated and

  • repeated, by the time it reaches me, I don’t even know what

  • the source was.

  • This is the environment were living in and it’s really,

  • it’s fundamentally undermining democracy which is based on

  • knowing some good and solid information so I can make an

  • informed choice.

  • When you see the properties Rupert Murdoch owns around the

  • world, the strong, conservative point-of-view that those

  • properties often reflect, it’s different than ABC or CBS or NBC. Sure, they reflect

  • a point-of-view but not nearly as strong or consistently

  • strong from one ideological perspective.

  • Murdoch actually bought the station in 1985.

  • And actually left us alone for at least the first three

  • years of his ownership, partly because we were so successful and prosperous that there

  • was no reason to monkey with us.

  • At WTTG our success insulated us to a certain degree.

  • And it was kind of like being in an office and seeing

  • people come down with the flu around you. We knew the flu

  • eventually might reach us, but we were hoping if we took

  • enough vitamins that we’d never catch the flu.

  • It was clear during those years that Murdoch, who had

  • absolutely adored Ronald Reagan, adored him, had a lot of admiration

  • for the group of Republicans that controlled Congress

  • and certainly on Capitol Hill.

  • We received an order from one of Murdoch’s apparatchiks, if

  • you will, that we should cut away from our newscast

  • and start carrying a fawning tribute to Ronald Reagan that was airing at the Republican

  • Convention. We were stunned because up until that point

  • we were allowed to do legitimate news. And suddenly

  • we were ordered, from the top, to carry propaganda; carry

  • Republican right-wing propaganda.

  • There was a cultural underpinning to what Murdoch wanted.

  • Race issues, AIDS. I constantly remember complaints that

  • there was too much being done on AIDS. He also couldn’t stand the Kennedy’s.

  • Ted Kennedy, who was a long-time opponent of Rupert

  • Murdoch, and, and one celebrated occasion, we were ordered

  • to run a long uncut piece from A Current Affair that was rehashing

  • the whole matter of Chappaquiddick.

  • It had zero news value. We were told, ‘you had to run this

  • thing uncut’. You could not even edit it down and just run

  • a snippet of it. I think they evolved in later years and especially

  • after Roger Ailes took over and, and really got

  • the Fox News Channel up and running into a far more sophisticated

  • kind of operation. What we saw, in my era, was,

  • was really the, the birth of this sort of thing and the roots

  • of what came later.

  • I’d just like to say how delighted I am that weve now

  • reached this moment, when we can firmly announce the

  • starting of a Fox News Channel and a much greater effort on

  • a build up of Fox News in every area.

  • We’d like to be premier journalists. We’d like to restore

  • objectivity where we find it lacking and ah, certainly there could be that interpretation

  • because of my background but I left politics a number of

  • years ago and have running this organization for the last

  • two years. So we just expect to do fine, balanced journalism.

  • I was a Fox employee for 3 years. I worked in the News.

  • On air or behind the camera?

  • I’d rather not answer that. I think I’d rather keep

  • myself anonymous. Youll disguise my voice right?

  • Larry Johnson Former Fox News Contributor I’ve heard directly from folks, both as

  • correspondents and as bookers, who have expressed very grave

  • reservations, almost as if theyre being monitored by

  • a Stalinist system, afraid to be seen talking to the wrong person

  • or having the wrong kind of email exchange.

  • Youre either one of us or one of them, and in leaving Fox

  • News, for example, there were a number of people at the

  • organization, at the head of the organization, tried to

  • ruin my career simply because I was leaving, because I

  • didn’t leave on their terms, because I refused to sign a

  • confidentiality agreement, that was another reason for them

  • Americans Trust only One. The Only Place. American’s Newsroom. Fox

  • News.”

  • It’s very much a, an environment of fear.

  • It was made very clear to us that our activities were being

  • monitored and if someone wasn’t watching it live they were

  • at least recording it and they would review it after the

  • fact to see what we did.

  • We weren't necessarily, as it was told to us, a news

  • gathering organization so much as we were a proponent of a

  • point-of-view.

  • Anonymous 2 Former Fox News Reporter Fox has already been successful in sort of

  • branding me as somebody who can't be trusted. And as a result,

  • I'm already sort of on thin ice regarding my current

  • employer.

  • I’d been warned by people. There were a number of people

  • who pulled me inside and said, “Look, you know, I don’t

  • know, I mean, I know that you want to work and I know that

  • you need a job, but you might want to think twice about

  • taking this job because, really, it is a very conservative

  • news network.”

  • Now that I’ve learned comedy writing at the Fox News

  • Channel I guess I should be doing stand up in the clubs.’

  • I think that if you don’t go along with the mindset of the

  • hierarchy in New York, if you challenge them on their

  • attitudes about things, youre history.

  • I suspect your research has discovered, the memoranda that

  • were written by John Moody and by Roger in terms of setting the tone for

  • the day. The message of the day is a very political device.

  • Date: 5/9/2003 From: Moody Let spend a good deal of time on the battle

  • over judicial nominations, which the President will address

  • this morning. Nominees who both sides admit are qualified

  • are being held up because of their POSSIBLE, not demonstrated

  • views on one issueabortion. This should be a trademark

  • issue for FNC today and in days to come.

  • There was nothing covert about the way the managing editors

  • in New York or Washington operated. They made it perfectly

  • clear what they expected from us.

  • The so-called 9/11 commission has already been meeting.

  • In fact, this is its eighth session. The fact that former Clinton and both former and current

  • Bush administration officials are testifying gives

  • it a certain tension, but this is not, “what did he know

  • and when did he know itstuff. Don’t turn this into Watergate.

  • Every morning there was a detailed list of subjects to talk

  • about and not talk about.

  • Kerry’s speech on the economy at Georgetown is likely to

  • move onto the topic of Iraq. We should take the beginning

  • of Kerry’s speech, see if it contains new information (aside from a promise to create

  • 10 million jobs)and see if other news at that time is

  • more compelling. It is not required to take it start to finish.

  • They were just actually issuing edicts to the reporters to

  • control what they could say and how they could say it.

  • Let’s refer to the US marines we see in the foreground as

  • sharpshootersno snipers, which carries a negative

  • connotation.

  • When Headquarters sent the memo every morning and said, “we

  • want to touch on the following issues, we want to cover the

  • following stories, we want to do them in this particular

  • way”, our job and our objective then was to execute the

  • plan.

  • The pictures from Abu Graib prison are disturbing. Today

  • we have a pictureaired on Al Arabiynof an American

  • hostage being held with a scarf over his eyes, clearly

  • against his will. Who’s outraged on his behalf?

  • The real revolutionary breakthrough of Fox has been its

  • eliminative journalism. That’s the thing to understand.

  • What Fox News Channel has done is it’s stripped out any

  • notion of journalism as weve traditionally understood it

  • from its product. There is no journalism at the Fox News

  • Channel.

  • O’REILLY: Quiet!

  • Cut his mic.

  • Chad, stop, stop, stop, stop. Let me finish. Let me finish.

  • Chad.

  • I want to test if youre an honest individual.

  • I’m sorry cut you off I know were in some

  • controversial stuff here but my religion didn’t teach me

  • that. But thank you very much for being here. It’s not fair. I know it’s a right-wing

  • network and you don’t want to hear this stuff.

  • It’s not about the kids, it’s about you Jamie.

  • I’m doing, I’m doing

  • Thank you Jamie. Thank you. Good night. Thank you Jamie. Good night.

  • Don’t take your cheap little pathetic shot. I am

  • telling you that that’s what it is. Youre taking cheap little

  • pathetic shots. I’m trying to tell you what the truth is.

  • I’m just giving you his record. No youre misrepresenting his record.

  • I’m telling the truth, Sir. That’s the truth

  • about his record. I understand what your position is but it’s

  • not correct. It’s probably why youre on

  • satellite radio? I’d like to hear one single,

  • one singleBecause you can’t get on regular radio.

  • Bill, if you are so concerned about public figures being bad role models for children

  • please stop rudely interrupting your guest and telling

  • them to shut up!

  • Well theshut upline has happened only once in six years, Miss Evans

  • I think that asking a student to stay in the closet in order to go to school

  • I’m asking you to shut up about sex

  • Shut up. Shut up. Father killed at WTC. Jeremy M Glick

  • You want to know what I was doing. Please don’t

  • tell me to shut up. As respect. As respect

  • Why did you have to tell them you were an atheist if you didn’t have any trouble reading,

  • why didn’t you just shut up?

  • What Jimmy Carter should do it privately give Mr. Bush his opinion and shut up publicly.

  • That would be best for the country.

  • And it is our duty as loyal Americans to shut up

  • once the fighting begins.

  • Once the war against Saddam begins we expect every American to support our military and

  • if they can’t do thatto shut up.

  • All he’s got in 6 and a half years, is that I

  • misspoke, that I labeled a Poke Award a Peabody. He writes

  • it in his book, tries to make me out to be a

  • Hey shut up. You had your thirty five minutes. Shut up.

  • Jeff Cohen, Former MSNBC/Fox News Contributor The techniques of odd, odd polling and odd

  • graphics of democrats and weird banners in the lower third

  • of your screen, these are all pretty sophisticated techniques

  • and they work

  • in collaboration

  • with the most genius

  • marketing slogan in history

  • which is fair and balanced.

  • So if youre the graphics department and you can put up a

  • liberal flip flopper as the chyron, hey that’s great, because

  • the next time the graphics department has a discussion with

  • management, management say yeah you guys have been doing a

  • great job.

  • Graphics are always moving in the background. Theyve sort of pioneered the

  • use of the American flag as an icon of your news broadcast.

  • Anonymous 2 Former Fox News Reporter So there’s a lot of stuff that people come

  • up with on their own, which in other news organizations you

  • would never think of coming up with some of the stuff, much less even

  • putting it on the air.

  • But at Fox News theyre sort of a, that youre rewarded for

  • pushing the envelope.

  • The problem comes if you try to push the envelope or, God

  • forbid, should put in some sort of similar sort of style or

  • approach to Republican, then you get yourself in trouble.

  • Probably 1999 I created the Fox News Alert.

  • We were striving to accomplish a sense of urgency. Urgency in the sense that

  • what was about to be delivered after the Fox News Alert was

  • very important. Quote, unquote, shocking news.

  • Specifically Columbine. And all the other important news stories of that time

  • but now, looking back, now that I’m not there

  • I find it interesting that I’ve seen the Fox News Alert

  • used for stories likeBennifer” J-Lo and Ben’s