Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • Hello

  • my name is Eric Benson thank you for your viewing my

  • presentation on social exchange theory is

  • we'll be looking at some alternative perspectives and

  • and possible uses for report systems

  • within so slick seems theory a.m.

  • so for stuff we will

  • will begin by addressing some of the criticisms

  • so social exchange theory

  • assumes that people are rational and their core that they will make

  • decisions that will best benefit them in the future

  • um the problem with that is is

  • that its media this no we often make decisions that are not in our

  • self-interest or

  • kin in fact be detrimental to a

  • tour will be so

  • this dis is a pretty valid criticism

  • it also assumes it it that

  • it has difficulty explaining so actions such as

  • outward altruism or or any kind of selfless

  • kinds of actions because arm

  • social exchange theory talks to us

  • about um there we don't act unless we feel like we're going to get

  • benefit or ward um

  • in in if we r acting a

  • altruism then then by definition where

  • not really seeking decorative reward

  • it also values

  • a it also seems to value selfishness

  • over selflessness again this goes back to you

  • the idea altruism um there also is a

  • personal bias that that eats her purse perceptions have certain situations

  • so um going any he

  • into any interaction with another individual

  • or relationship we're always looking at that relationship

  • with the a concept love

  • what are we going to get out of it or how are we get a bit benefit from this

  • particular relationship

  • from in it also love the criticisms is that it's limited to you

  • i'd take relationships which are basically just relationships where like

  • a a buyer-seller relationship or

  • or relationships that are

  • just between two people in nature um

  • so so what I wanted to

  • to talk about nine I didn't see

  • a whole lot of research in this particular area

  • but um if we start to look at your words not only is coming from

  • the other person or from the individual but internally within ourselves then we

  • can start to see

  • that the the reasons why we're doing

  • things is still based on a reward punishment

  • and give situation um they're also actions that

  • armored intrinsically rewarding love themselves so

  • we get the ward just simply by doing the action

  • um so for instance if we r

  • see to speeding in maybe a food bank

  • and and we are helping out

  • a either

  • giving food or a.m. were helping setting up for

  • anyway that were not this yearly getting heat for these things

  • then the reward really comes from

  • from within ourselves also

  • maybe a perceived social status that we

  • can feel like that weird

  • better standing so sleepy with our peers ur or people we interact with

  • we also can gain sensitive personal integrity so

  • by doing these things we can't say

  • that the war would be

  • dead I i've reinforced the sense of my soul third

  • I'm a good person and I do these things and and

  • I'm a compassionate person to help people out in that

  • that is reward because it makes me feel good or

  • because a a

  • I a appreciate more who I am after doing these things

  • so in that sense it kind of takes away some of the selfless selfish and self

  • a selfishness that

  • so slick steam exchange theory seems to have

  • so a.m. when the things that

  • who that social exchange theory mentions is that

  • overtime is a word is giving and

  • for specific action Lake CA I mow the lawn

  • and I get paid a certain amount for that well

  • over time the are you love mowing the lawn

  • action that reward is not going to be

  • North by its gonna lose its value over time

  • so one of the things that

  • that we could talk about is reward schedules

  • so they're four different kinds are forward schedules

  • which are basically the timings have win awards are

  • so when would be a continuous awards so every time

  • you do a particular action

  • then you will receive a specific were

  • reward every single time you do that action

  • and it's not based on a time

  • or or anything does other than

  • do action game work the next would be a fixed ratio

  • word so it would be Lake

  • if you

  • if you get get the reward for maybe every other time that you do the action

  • or every fifth time

  • that you do the action flexes instead of saying

  • dead I'm I'm going to get paid for mowing the line

  • every time lawn I'm gonna get paid

  • every other time over every three times that I mow the lawn and that would be an

  • example

  • fix reach your word fixed interval

  • forward E is with your word

  • combs at a fixed

  • time Lake CA

  • every Friday no matter what you do during the week

  • this is they win the award is given so you do the actions during the week

  • admits the rewards good Friday a paycheck would be

  • a a good example

  • have a fixed it forward occurs we work

  • and then we get paid on specific days so

  • in the last war type would be the variable

  • your with the variable word

  • on there's no guarantee there or be given

  • and there's no it's not it fixed ratio its own to fix

  • interval it's not every time

  • so really good example this kind of award

  • would-be the slot machines

  • so slot machine you put your money in you pull the lever

  • then miss at the time we don't get anything

  • or a.m. you pull the lever is

  • maybe you get a few koreans or if you're really lucky you might

  • you might hit the jackpot get a lot of money so

  • that would be you really good example love

  • fearful word so 18 years that could be used

  • in an educational setting would be to you

  • a.m. use for words as a

  • with completing assignments and then incentive saying

  • you know earning tickets leads and have some teachers we use

  • tickets for good behavior or you're being there on time or for any number of

  • things and then making supportive

  • a at a specific time like

  • spin the tickets on

  • on like a prize box

  • so instead of doing that it would be. get to take eight you can get a turn in

  • the ticket

  • maybe there could be like kind of a slot machine or something like that

  • in in the classroom day word they get to spin a wheel

  • and there's a chance they could get something there's a good chance they can

  • get nothing but

  • by by a.m.

  • by doing this you can kind of make the the exchange little more interesting

  • and it helps to diminish the a.m.

  • the the effects of having the

  • a word the reward lose its value

  • overtime so there's some ideas

  • how you could use

  • reward system that would be related to social exchange theory

  • within your classroom

Hello

字幕と単語

ワンタップで英和辞典検索 単語をクリックすると、意味が表示されます

A2 初級

社会交流論 (Social Exchange Theory)

  • 49 5
    VoiceTube に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
動画の中の単語