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  • Think about how your favorite stories hook you.

  • "When he was nearly 13, my brother Jim

  • got his arm badly broken at the elbow.

  • When it healed, and Jim's fears of never being able to play football

  • were assuaged, he was seldom self conscious about his injury."

  • "All this happened, more or less. The war parts, anyway,

  • are pretty much true. One guy I knew really was shot

  • in Dresden for taking a teapot that wasn't his."

  • "My father's family name being Pirrip, and my Christian name Philip,

  • my infant tongue could make of both names nothing longer

  • or more explicit than 'Pip.'

  • So I called myself Pip, and came to be called Pip."

  • Imagery, intrigue, emotion: each introduction makes you want to read more.

  • If you have an assignment to write a literary analysis,

  • your introduction will be just as important.

  • There will be four elements in your essay:

  • your introduction,

  • thesis statement,

  • analysis and conclusion.

  • If you begin writing a literary analysis with the introduction,

  • you may be discouraged.

  • Here's a tip for writing a great introduction:

  • Write it last,

  • and write your thesis first.

  • Figure out what you want to analyze before you actually analyze it.

  • Your thesis is the foundation for the rest of your essay,

  • including your introduction.

  • So how do you find your thesis?

  • Start by asking questions.

  • To Charles Dickens you may ask,

  • "why do you draw attention to characters' hands?"

  • "What's up with their names?"

  • "Pumblechook? Really?"

  • To narrow your concept for analysis, answer the questions yourself.

  • "Estella ridicules Pip's hands, Jaggers constantly washes his hands,

  • Pip insufferably burns his hands,

  • Mrs. Joe brings Pip up by hand."

  • Are there patterns in your answers?

  • "Estella's comments smack of cruelty,

  • while Jaggers' cleanses his immoral conscience.

  • Pip finds a second chance,

  • while Mrs. Joe abuses a child under the guise of love and dedication."

  • What can you analyze with this pattern?

  • "Hands symbolize social class inequities,

  • and through Dickens' criticism, he exposes the dire need for reform

  • in Victorian London.

  • What you will do next, which is an entirely different lesson,

  • is to draft and revise your analysis.

  • Only after you write your analysis,

  • return to your introduction.

  • Like authors earlier,

  • try to intrigue and inspire your reader.

  • Avoid starting with famous quotations,

  • dictionary definitions

  • or rhetorical questions.

  • Consider the historical context of your topic,

  • or an anecdote or some larger idea or concept.

  • Here's an example:

  • "27 bones in the hand and wrist allow humans to concurrently create

  • and destroy. Thousands of hands have been behind history's astounding creations.

  • Hands represent a powerful symbol,

  • one that was not lost on Charles Dickens.

  • In Great Expectations, Dickens uses hands

  • to symbolize social class inequities,

  • and through his criticism, he exposes the dire need for social reform

  • in Victorian London."

  • Take time crafting and revising your thesis and introduction.

  • Remember, if you are bored while writing,

  • your reader will be bored while reading.

  • By the way, did you notice the introduction to this lesson?

  • It didn't start with "here's how to write a thesis and introduction."

  • Would that have hooked you?

Think about how your favorite stories hook you.


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B1 中級

TED-Ed】素晴らしい導入の力 - キャロライン・モア (【TED-Ed】The power of a great introduction - Carolyn Mohr)

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    Zenn に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日