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Hi. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam.
Today's lesson is about phrasal verbs, using
the verb "carry". And again, phrasal... Phrasal verbs are verbs plus a preposition that, together,
means something else than the two words themselves. Now, I know you've seen many of these phrasal
verb lessons. Don't worry, I think we're almost done, because I've gone through most of them.
"Carry", usually you carry... You carry a basket, you carry a child, you move something
in your arms. You carry it. Right?
So, most of those have to do with that idea of carrying something.
The most common of these is "carry on". Okay? What does it mean to "carry on"? A few meanings.
One is to continue. So, my staff is having a meeting,
and I say: "Oh, sorry to interrupt everyone, but I need to make an announcement."
I make an announcement. "Everybody understands. Yes? Okay, carry on, continue."
Okay? It could also mean to continue something that's been
going on for a long time. So, for example, Jimmy wants to carry on his father's tradition
of having a barbeque every Sunday with the whole family, so to keep something going,
like a tradition, a custom, etc.
"Carry on with" is a little bit different. Actually, it's quite different.
When you "carry on with someone", it usually mean you were flirting. Now, I'm not sure if you know this
word, "to flirt". "To flirt" means to, like, have some fun with somebody of the opposite
sex, or it could mean to have an actual affair, to have an affair with someone, to carry on
with someone. Now, there's quite a few differences between British English and American English.
In British English, "carry on" can also mean to talk, and talk, and talk, and talk, usually
complaining about something. "Oh, stop carrying on about that. We don't care anymore." In
American English, it would just be go on. "Stop. Oh, you're going on and on about this.
Just forget it. Let it go. Move on. Continue." Okay? So, British/American, slightly different.
"Carry over". "Carry over", it could mean carry something from here over to here, physically,
but it could also mean to move something to another time, another place. For example,
the meeting we had, we had too many things to speak about, we didn't finish everything
on time, so we will carry it over to tomorrow. Tomorrow we will start again, and finish what
we need to do. So, "carry over", move to a different time, place, position.
"Carry back". Sometimes, you know, I'm driving in my car and I turn on the radio, and I hear
this song, and it just carries me back to when I was a teenager in high school, and
when I was just having fun. So, "carry back" means sort of like remind, but more in terms
of nostalgia.
Nostalgia. It just takes you back, carries you back to another time and
place, a different mindset, etc.
"Carry around". So, I can... If I have a baby, I could put on my little pouch thing on my
back, put my baby on the back, and carry it around as I go for a little walk. So, you
can, again, physically carry something around, but you can also carry around baggage, emotional
baggage. So, for example, if you feel very, very guilty about something you did or something
that happened, you can carry that guilt around with you for your whole life. It's like a
weight on your shoulders, and you're carrying it around, even though it's just inside your
head. Okay? So, that person is carrying around too much baggage, emotional baggage.
"Carry off" means to complete something successfully. So, I had a big presentation at work, and
after... After the presentation, my boss comes up to me, he goes: "You carried that off great.
Good job." Right? I did it, I finished it, successful, everybody was happy. "Carry off"
also means to take away. Okay? I picked her up and carried her off into the sunset, my
darling, whoever she might be.
"Out", "carry out" basically means to do, or more correctly is to perform. You carry
out a task. Okay? You do something. If the boss asks you to do something and he wants
you to carry... Carry it out as soon as possible. Okay? In British English, "carry out" is the
same as American "take out". So you go to a restaurant, you order your food,
and carry out; to go.
"Carry forward" is similar to "carry over", except we're not moving a meeting or something
like that to another time and place; we're taking something to a future time, and we're
using it in a different scenario. So, for example, if you're doing your taxes at the
end of the year, and certain parts of your tax return you don't want to include in this
year's accounts, so you carry it forward; you move it to the following year. Okay? And
you do it in the next tax year. So, you can carry the numbers... Usually, when we talk
about calculations, we could use this expression. Move it to another time in the future, and
use it in that context.
Now, here, we have "carried away". Now, I put it separately because you'll notice that
"carried away", it's actually not a verb, here. We're using this more like an adjective
with a preposition. It's still technically a verb. "He was carried away." It's more like
a passive, but again, we're using it like an adjective. So, "to be carried away" means
to lose self-control or even to exaggerate. So, I was telling my friends about my trip
to the islands. I went to islands, I did a little swimming, a little sun tanning, and
I start telling the story, and I get all excited. Sorry. And I tell them all this story, and
I'm going on and on about this and that, and... You see how fast I'm talking now? Because
I'm so excited, I don't know what to do. I'm getting carried away. I'm letting my emotions
control my speech, so I lose control of my emotions, I get too excited, and I speak too
fast, speak too much, people get a little bit annoyed. If you get carried away, you're
exaggerating. It means you're making something small, you're actually making it very big,
more than it ought to be.
Okay, so I hope these are pretty clear right now. If you want to test your knowledge of them,
go to www.engvid.com; there's a quiz there, you can do that. You can also ask me questions in the forum.
Of course, don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel, and see you again soon.
Bye.
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Phrasal Verbs with CARRY: "carry out", "carry away", "carry on"...

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Flora Hu 2016 年 6 月 11 日 に公開
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