初級 6117 タグ追加 保存
動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
単語帳読み込み中…
字幕の修正報告
Hello, My dear high school students.
This course is to help you to conquer the most frequent
8000 English words in the top 20 University entrance exams in Japan.
But first of all, you should learn 4 letter changing rules.
With these 4 rules, you may use basic 1000 words
to memorize the advanced 8000 words.
Rule 1 : a, e, i, o, u, y
so called the vowels,
like a, i, u, e, o in Japanese.
aeiouy are interchangeable to make similar words in a word family.
Almost all the irregular forms of a verb go in this way.
For example, sing, sang, sung.
sink, sank, sunk.
swim, swam, swum.
As you can see, from the verb root to past tense and past participle,
i- changes to a-, and to u-.
Okay, a difficult one, simultaneously.
This word appeared in the Osaka University entrance exam, 2013.
If two things happen at the same time,
we'll say they happen simultaneously.
Simultaneously means same time.
same time
Same becomes simu-.
a- e- in same is i- u- in simu-.
AEIOU, they are interchangeable.
The l- in the middle is useless.
You may ignore it.
And tane- is time.
i- in time is a- in tane-.
AEIOU, they are interchangeable.
And n- and m- used to be the same thing in the ancient times.
-ous is only a word end for adjective,
which means much or a lot.
Rule no. 2
g-k-c-, so called throat sounds, come from the throat.
You see. Coming from your throat.
g-k-c- are interchangeable to make similar words in a word family.
For example, if someone walks like a snake,
without making sound or being noticed, he sneaks.
He sneaks.
As you can see, a- in snake becomes ea- in sneak.
AEIOU, they are interchangeable.
And when a person sneaks into a country with illegal goods,
he smuggles.
From sneak comes smuggle.
n- and m- are the same thing, as we just mentioned.
ea- in sneak becomes u- in smuggle.
AEIOU, they are interchangeable.
And k- in sneak becomes g- in smuggle.
g-k-, throat sounds, are interchangeable.
Now, lets take a look at some words in
the top 20 University entrance exams 2013.
The first example is in University of Tokyo entrance exam 2013.
Even if it has a lot of defects,
the web still functions mechanically virtually the same way.
The key word is virtually.
Now let's find out the way to remember 'virtually.'
First. Do you know the basic meaning of very?
Well, 'very' means truly or actually.
For example, I may say, 'She is very beautiful.'
This means she is truly beautiful.
So, from 'very' comes a word root, vir-/ver-,
As you can see, i- and e- are interchangeable here.
You don't have to distinguish them.
Which means true.
Therefore, virtually means truly or actually.
The second example is in Waseda University entrance exam 2013.
The sharp decline in bee queens may well have been caused by
the sluggish growth of the pesticide-exposed nests as a whole.
Sluggish is equal to slow.
Therefore, you should choose (c) slow.
Now, let's take a look at the way to remember 'sluggish.'
In English, w- is often interchangeable with g-.
For example, draw is equal to drag.
Have you seen it?
W- is equal to g-.
Well, another two words.
Tow is equal to tug.
W- is also equal to g- in those two words.
Another set.
Guarantee is equal to warranty.
Have you seen it? G- is equal to w-.
Therefore, slug- in sluggish means slow.
u- in slug- is o- in slow.
AEIOU, they are interchangeable.
And, g- in slug- is w- in slow.
G-W-, they are interchangeable.
And do't forget,-ish is a word end for adjective.
But you got to remember
such adjective is negative, is bad.
For example, childish means something bad about a child.
But childlike means something good about a child.
Therefore, sluggish means bad slow.
Not good slow.
The third example is in Tohoku University entrance exam 2013.
Well, the question is like this.
Moreover, for all their culture and customs,
they were, in many ways, parochial.
Well, what's the meaning of parochial?
'Parochial' means having little knowledge.
Therefore, you should choose answer (1).
Well, how do we remember 'parochial'?
When we speak of a pair, for example,
a pair of glasses,
or a pair of scissors, to cut.
we know that two pieces of a pair must be near to each other.
Side by side.
So, from pair comes a root, par-, which means near.
As you can see, ai- in pair is a- in par-.
AEIOU, they are interchangeable.
Well, par- is 'Close to each other.'
Side by side.
Well, the first word, parish.
Parish is a very very small district with one small church,
in this district.
In other words, a parish is a very small area near your neighborhood,
in your neighborhood,
near your house.
Don't forget 'near' here.
Parochial is the adjective of parish,
meaning small-minded.
What a parochial person knows is
his very little, very small parish only,
instead of the whole world.
He only sees his neighborhood.
He doesn't see the whole world.
The fourth example is in Keio University entrance exam 2013.
The compelling success story, amply ____ over fifty photographs,
is enlivened by sketches of notable politicians of the era.
The correct answer is (3) illustrated with
Therefore, you should choose (3).
You should put 'illustrated with' into the blank.
Now, let's take a look at the way to remember 'illustrate.'
Have you used Lux Shampoo before?
It makes your hair shine with light.
Well, my wife likes Lux Shampoo.
Lux means light in Greek.
Lux is also a unit of lighting.
From lux comes a word root, lus-,
which means light.
Luster is reflected light.
When the sun shines on gold,
beautiful luster will show up on the surface of gold.
il- in illustrate is in-, which means inside.
Well, you got to know
when in- is followed by l-, in- should change into il-.
Lustr- is luster.
-ate is a word end for verb.
So, illustrate means putting something into bright light,
and making it look clear.
To explain something is to make it clear.
By the same token, there is an idiom, 'throw light on.'
Well, what's the meaning of 'throw light on.'
It also means 'explain' or 'illustrate.'
You throw light on something, and make it clear,
just like you explain something and make it clear.
 
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

難関大学単語8000記憶 Word Master 8000

6117 タグ追加 保存
黃建彰 2016 年 4 月 18 日 に公開
お勧め動画
  1. 1. クリック一つで単語を検索

    右側のスプリクトの単語をクリックするだけで即座に意味が検索できます。

  2. 2. リピート機能

    クリックするだけで同じフレーズを何回もリピート可能!

  3. 3. ショートカット

    キーボードショートカットを使うことによって勉強の効率を上げることが出来ます。

  4. 4. 字幕の表示/非表示

    日・英のボタンをクリックすることで自由に字幕のオンオフを切り替えられます。

  5. 5. 動画をブログ等でシェア

    コードを貼り付けてVoiceTubeの動画再生プレーヤーをブログ等でシェアすることが出来ます!

  6. 6. 全画面再生

    左側の矢印をクリックすることで全画面で再生できるようになります。

  1. クイズ付き動画

    リスニングクイズに挑戦!

  1. クリックしてメモを表示

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔