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  • It is not that the pseudoscience and superstition and the new age socalled beliefs

  • and the fundamentalist zealotry are something new.

  • They've been with us for as long as we've been human.

  • But we live in an age based on science and technology

  • with formidable technological powers.

  • Science and technology are propelling us forward at accelerating rates.

  • That's right and if we don't understand it

  • by we I mean the general public

  • if it's something that - 'Oh, I'm not good that. I don't know anything about it.'

  • then who is making all the decisions about science and technology

  • that are going to determine what kind of future our children live in?

  • - What's the danger of all this? -

  • - I mean this is not the thing... -

  • It is two kinds of things. One is what I just talked about

  • that we've arranged the society based on science and technology

  • in which nobody understands anything about science and technology.

  • And this combustible mixture of ignorance and power

  • sooner or later is gonna blow up in our faces.

  • And the second reason that I'm worried about this is that

  • science is more than a body of knowledge.

  • It's a way of thinking.

  • A way of skeptically interrogating the universe

  • with a fine understanding of the human fallibility.

  • If we are not able to ask skeptical questions to interrogate those who tell us

  • that something is true. To be skeptical of those in authority

  • then we are up for grabs for the next charlatan

  • political or religious, who comes ambling along.

  • It is a thing that Jefferson laid great stress on.

  • It wasn't enough he said to enshrine some rights in a constitution or bill of rights.

  • The people had to be educated

  • and they to practice their skepticism and education.

  • Otherwise we don't run the government.

  • The government runs us.

  • You see, people read stock market quotations and financial pages.

  • Look how complex that is.

  • People are able to look at sports statistics.

  • Look how many people can do that.

  • Understanding science is not more difficult than that.

  • It doesn't involve greater intellectual activities.

  • But the thing about science is first of all

  • it's after what the universe really is and not what makes us feel better.

  • And lot of the competing doctrines

  • are after what feels good.

  • - True -

  • Science does not prove religion. Because religion is faith-based.

  • Let's look a little more deeply into that.

  • What is faith?

  • It is believe in the absence of evidence.

  • Now, I don't propose to tell anybody what to believe, but for me

  • believing when there is no compelling evidence

  • is a mistake.

  • The idea is to hold believe untill there is compelling evidence.

  • And if the universe does not comply with our predispositions

  • Okay, now we have the wrenching obligation to accomodate to the way the universe is.

  • So who is more humble?

  • The scientist who looks at the universe with an open mind and accepts whatever the universe has to teach us?

  • Or somebody who says everything in this book must be considered the literal truth

  • and never mind all the fallibility of the human beings involved in the writing of this book???

  • I lost both my parents about 12 and 15 years ago

  • I had a great relationship with them

  • I really miss them.

  • I would love to believe they are spirits who are around somewhere.

  • And I'd give almost anything to spend five minutes a year with them.

  • - Do you hear their voices ever? -

  • Sometimes, about six or eight times since their death, I've heard.

  • 'Carl!'

  • just in the voice of my father from my heart.

  • Now, I don't think that it means that they are in the next room.

  • I think it means that I've had an auditory hallucination about it.

  • I was with them so long. I heard their voices so often.

  • Why shouldn't I be able to make a vivid recollection.

  • - This is what is interesting about this for me -

  • - You convince me long time ago that it was arrogant for me or anyone else -

  • - to believe there wasn't life outside of our... -

  • To exclude the possible

  • - to exclude the possibility was an arrogance of intellect that we should not ??? -

  • - You couldn't prove. You didn't know it was there. But the arrogance...

  • Wait, we don't know if He is there

  • We don't know if He is not there.

  • Let's look

  • - and if you take that, why can't you say there is alot we don't know?

  • I say that.

  • - There is a lot of power there that we don't know.

  • That's what I believe. But that does not mean that every fraudulent has to be accepted.

  • We demand the most rigorous standards of evidence

  • especially on what is important to us.

  • So if some guy comes up to me

  • a channeler or a medium: 'I can put you in touch with your parents'

  • Well because I want so terribly to believe that

  • I know I have to reach in for added reserves of skepticism

  • because I'm likely to be fooled

  • and much more minor, to have my money taken.

  • - You are living with myelodysplasia -

  • Oh I have been

  • - And just share with us because of your sense of language -

  • - and sense of understanding and being affected in perspective -

  • - what do you think about it and what does it do for you too? -

  • I didn't have any near death experiences. I didn't have a religious conversion.

  • - but you thought about what it would be to die -

  • Certainly and what it would be like for my family.

  • And in what I think about what it would be like for me

  • because I don't think it is likely that there is anything you think about after you're dead.

  • - That's it -

  • A long dreamless sleep

  • I'd love to believe the opposite but I don't have any evidence.

  • But one thing that it has done is

  • to enhance my sense of appreciation for the beauty of life

  • and of the universe and the sheer joy of being alive.

  • - You've had a healthy portion of ??? before this but even you this happens to -

  • - appreciation -

  • Every moment

  • every inanimate object

  • And to say nothing about the whizzed??? complexity of living beings.

  • You imagine missing it all and suddenly it is so much precious.

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It is not that the pseudoscience and superstition and the new age socalled beliefs

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B1 中級

カール・セーガン - 考え方 (CARL SAGAN - A Way of Thinking)

  • 1151 105
    Eric Chen に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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