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  • Peter from ctvadim asks,

  • what is the difference between modernism anti-modernism, post-modernism, and contemporary art?

  • Modernism deals with artworks produced roughly from

  • 1860s to the 1970s. It is characterized by

  • throwing out of the old, embracing the new. There is more experimentation, new ways

  • of seeing, new ideas about how art functions. Historically it can be tied to the

  • industrial revolution

  • where there is a rapid changes in manufacturing transportation technology

  • which influenced the social economic and cultural conditions of Western Europe

  • and North America. People are moving out urban spaces traveling and having new world views

  • and access to new ideas. The invention of photography also sent painting into an identity crisis.

  • With this new technology that can perfectly replicate scenes

  • what can painting do that photography can not?

  • No more frou-frou mythological or religious scenes for wealthy patrons,

  • Modern art was about the people places and ideas that

  • artist had direct contact with.

  • Along with the publication of Sigmund Freud

  • The Interpretation of Dreams in 1889 artists became more interested in dreams

  • symbolism and iconography as ways to depict subjective experiences.

  • Anti-modernism or counter-modernism refers to a number of

  • parallel movements that spread throughout Europe following the end of World War I

  • Given the collective name of Le rappel a lordre

  • meaning return to order, they rejected the extreme

  • avant-garde art and took notes from traditional art instead.

  • In particular futurism was brought into focus.

  • They were a group of anti-traditionalists who celebrated technology to the point of

  • praising machinery in violence and power and condemned the culture of the past

  • in defiance of history and tradition. However there is a break when Futurist follwers

  • broke off from the pack. In particular Severini and Carra

  • became followers of Giorgio de Chirico.

  • Picasso and Braque abandoned cubism.

  • Picasso produced work in a neoclassical style that recalled

  • the work of Raphael and Ingres. This trend was evident in many

  • artists working in the nineteen twenties including Deran,

  • Metzinger, artists of the New Objectivity and the Novecento Italiano movement.

  • Postmodern art is a body of art movements around 1960s

  • Dates can be hard to pinpoint

  • The idea of what is considered

  • art is expanded to mixed media, installation, conceptual art

  • and video art. We begin to see Bricolage, collage,

  • simplification, appropriation, performance art.

  • The distinction between high and low art and popular culture is blurred

  • There is a sense of immediacy and the present that you do not see in modern art.

  • Perhaps it is easiest to see in

  • Pop art of Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein.

  • Now is the hardest part of this video which is defining what

  • contemporary art is. Contemporary art is basically

  • art since modernism, but then you have the problem of: Well,

  • when did modernism end? Some may define it as art made within our lifetime, but lifetime

  • is a variable so that is not very useful

  • and some will also say that contemporary art is a large umbrella

  • that postmodernism fits under.

  • The first use of the term contemporary art can be traced to 1910

  • by critic Roger Fry for the Contemporary Art Society in London.

  • As Modern art became more of a historical art movement,

  • modern ceased to mean contemporary art, and they needed a new

  • term to talk about art made in the present.

  • There is not a clear cut from one to another, and many institutions actually use the term

  • Modern and Contemporary Art to avoid this distinction altogether.

  • In the end, not everyone is going to agree and people are constantly proposing and refining ideas.

  • In the meantime I hope you learned something new

  • thanks again to Peter for asking this question. If you do not know who he is

  • I will go ahead and his channel down below. He is also doing this fantastic project

  • called Go Verb and Noun. It is just awesome interviews with all these creators

  • making educational content on YouTube

  • so if you are interested in that, definitely check that out. If you have not watched last weeks video

  • about the creepy and fascinating history of Mummy Brown Paint.

  • Thanks so much for watching, and I will see you next time!

Peter from ctvadim asks,

字幕と単語

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モダンアート、ポストモダンアートと現代アートの違い|LittleArtTalks (The Difference between Modern art, Postmodern art and Contemporary Art | LittleArtTalks)

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    chiang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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