B1 中級 6284 タグ追加 保存
What is the origin of the word ''penguin''? The origin of the word penguin is still debated.
The name was first applied to the now extinct Great Auk of the seas around Newfoundland in Canada,
and may have come from the Welsh "pen gwyn", meaning white head, or perhaps even
a similar phrase in the Breton or Cornish languages. In the log book of the golden hind,
which sailed around the world from 1577-1580, there is a reference to a 'foule, which the
Welsh men named Peng win' that was seen at the Magellan's strait at the tip of South America.
The sailors on the expedition may have mistaken penguins for great auks,
or simply applied a term they knew to an unfamiliar bird. The great auk looked very much like
a penguin, in that it was a large flightless bird with black and white plumage that was
adapted to life in freezing waters. Naturally, the question that then usually arises is whether
or not a penguin is in fact classified as a bird? This is because we often see images
of these creatures swimming underwater, or waddling in an ungainly way across the icy wastes of Antarctica.
Penguins can't fly, and we typically think of birds as being able
to soar through the air. However, penguins are classified as birds, aves in zoological terms.
They are black and white, flightless seabirds, of the family spheniscidae, which
are found in the southern hemisphere, mostly in the Antarctic, although several species
live in warmer regions. In common with other birds, penguins have feathers, lay eggs, and
are warm-blooded. Through evolutionary processes, penguins wings gradually adapted to become
flippers, which they use for swimming. The feathers of a penguin are relatively short
and stiff in comparison to those of other birds, and they overlap closely to form a
thick, smooth layer, which traps air beneath it and so provides insulation from the cold.
There are other flightless birds, like the Australian emu, the cassowary of New Guinea,
and the ostrich. Unlike the penguin, they are all more visibly feathery as well as being
land-based, so we're probably less likely to question the fact that they're birds.


What is the origin of the word 'penguin'?

6284 タグ追加 保存
Silvia W. 2016 年 2 月 22 日 に公開
  1. 1. クリック一つで単語を検索


  2. 2. リピート機能


  3. 3. ショートカット


  4. 4. 字幕の表示/非表示


  5. 5. 動画をブログ等でシェア


  6. 6. 全画面再生


  1. クイズ付き動画


  1. クリックしてメモを表示

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔