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  • November 9th, 2015 marks 26 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall. It represented not

  • only a physical barrier for the people of Germany, but an ideological divide that split

  • the world in two. What many people don’t know about the Berlin Wall is that it did

  • not run along the border between East and West Germany. Actually, it only encapsulated

  • West Berlin, which was located deep in the heart of East Germany. So we wanted to know:

  • why was the Berlin wall built in the first place, and how did West Berlin end up as a

  • political island?

  • Well, to put some of this in perspective, it's important to note the state of Germany

  • just after World War Two. The Germans lost the war, ceding the former Nazi power to the

  • victorious Allies. The US, The UK, France, and The USSR carved up Germany. The easternmost

  • portion, running along what was called the Oder Neisse line, was allocated to Poland

  • to make up for land lost during the war.

  • The rest of the country was split into four zones. The Soviet Union took over the zone

  • to the east. The US, the UK, and France occupied their own zones in the Western half of the

  • country. This just left Berlin.

  • Technically, Berlin was in the Soviet Union’s territory. But since Berlin was the capital

  • of Germany, as well as the former home of the Nazi regime, it held significant historical

  • and political value. So to keep things fair, Berlin was carved up into four zones, mirroring

  • the rest of Germany.

  • Now, this arrangement workedbriefly, but soon, the USSR began planning to take

  • over the rest of Berlin, then Germany, then Europe. At the time, the USSR was making a

  • big push to expand socialism throughout its territories, including East Germany.

  • So to accomplish this, the Soviet Union started restricting access to West Berlin, creating

  • one of the first flashpoints of the Cold War, known as the Berlin Blockade. And things only

  • got worse from there -- the USSR began restricting emigration from their half of Germany. They

  • built a massive wall, known as theInner-German Borderrunning down the middle of the country,

  • with barbed wire, alarms, mines, and thousands of East German soldiers

  • By many accounts, life in the socialist, East Germany was pretty abysmal, particularly compared

  • to the democratic and prospering West Germany. Thousands of East Germans defected, using

  • a direct subway line between West Berlin and West Germany to bypass the closed border.

  • To put an end to this, the Soviets erected the Berlin wall in 1961, running nearly 100

  • miles long. It completely surrounded West Berlin, which may seem counterintuitive because

  • you’d think they’d create a border to protect their own territory. But actually

  • this wall was to keep their citizens from defecting to the West.

  • The wall would stay in place for nearly three decades. Even though this wall was much smaller

  • and less elaborate than theInner-German Border,” the Berlin wall came to symbolize

  • the conflict between socialist and democratic nations. In 1989, the Berlin Wall came down,

  • marking an end to the USSR’s stranglehold on East Germany.

  • If you want to learn about what actually brought down the Berlin Wall, check out this video

  • by Seeker Daily up at the top. And to see more of me, check out my videos on Fusion,

  • including this one about how robots and avatars can be used to treat depression down at the

  • bottom.

November 9th, 2015 marks 26 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall. It represented not


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B1 中級

なぜ西ベルリンの周りに壁が作られたのか? (Why Was A Wall Built Around West Berlin?)

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    gotony5614.me97 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日