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  • Top 10 Animals That Came Back From Extinction

  • 10. Mountain Pygmy-possum

  • The pygmy possum was found in an Australian Ski Club Lodge in 1966.

  • This undocumented animal was thought to be extinct, as only fossil remains indicated

  • that it once existed. However, since being discovered in the ski lodge, scientists have

  • tracked the animal to three separate regions in southern Australia.

  • Males and females live in separate habitats, with the females living at the top of mountains

  • and hills.

  • In order to mate, the male has to trek up to the females. However, this proved difficult

  • when a road was built in the middle of the main habitat. To avoid the males being run

  • over, the Australian government built a “tunnel of lovebeneath the road.

  • 9. Clarion Night Snake

  • The lost night snake was rediscovered on the volcanic island Clarion, which is only accessible

  • with the aid of the Mexican army.

  • The snake is perfectly suited to blending into the lava rock habitat, as it is usually

  • black and brown in color.

  • First documented in 1936, the snake hadn’t been seen since. This resulted in some scientists

  • doubting that it ever even existed and the snake being removed from the record. Nearly

  • 80 years later, in 2013, researchers used the original field notes as a guide to rediscover

  • the snake.

  • They found that Clarión island was home to 11 snakes. However, there may have been more

  • that went unnoticed due to their camouflaged skin.

  • 8. New Guinea Big-eared Bat

  • The Papua New Guinea big-eared bat was thought to be extinct, as it was last seen in 1890.

  • That was until it was accidentally caught during a scientific study in 2012.

  • Having only been observed once before in 1890 and assumed extinct, it took two years for

  • the new specimen to be identified.

  • The critically endangered bat was identified by its disproportionate ears, but largely

  • the species is a mystery to science. What the bat sounds like and the environment it

  • lives in are still unknown.

  • 7. Terror Skinks

  • Known as the T-Rex of the skink world, this lizard gained itsterrorname because

  • of its long, sharp, curved teeth.

  • Only found on the Isle of Pines in New Caledonia, the terror skink was declared extinct, as

  • no living species had been seen since the early 1990s.

  • The creature was re-discovered and filmed by specialists from the French Natural History

  • Museum in 2003.

  • Dominating the smaller animals in its habitat, the terror skink uses its tongue to sniff

  • the air and track prey.

  • The animal is thought to be extremely rare, meaning it is still a mystery to science.

  • 6. Bermuda Petrel

  • The official animal of Bermuda, commonly referred to as the Cahow, was thought to have been

  • extinct for over 300 years, until 1951.

  • 18 pairs of this nocturnal ground-nesting sea bird were found, and a massive conservation

  • effort has taken place since then. It is thought that the Cahow started struggling after the

  • English began settling in Bermuda, as they introduced cats, rats, and dogs to the land.

  • These birds make an eerie cry for their mating call. This led some Spanish sailors to believe

  • that Bermuda was a devil’s place, so they never tried to settle.

  • 5. Chacoan Peccary

  • This pig-like mammal is found in the Gran Chaco region stretching across South America.

  • Living in a harsh and dry habitat, it was believed to be extinct. Up until 1975 only

  • fossils of the animals had been discovered by the scientific community, although they

  • were well known to people native to the area.

  • The highly social animal is thought to always run around in groups of up to 10.

  • When frightened, the Chacoan peccary runs away, spraying a strong, musky secretion from

  • glands on its back. It’s believed that the smell is emitted to allow the group to stick

  • together as they escape, as well as mark their territory.

  • It is now thought that there are around 5,000 Chacoan peccaries in existence.

  • 4. Lord Howe Island Stick Insect

  • Known as the Tree Lobster, this giant stick insect can grow up to 15cm in length and is

  • found in the Lord Howe Island group, off the coast of Australia.

  • The giant insect was officially declared extinct in 1960. It was thought that the introduction

  • of black rats to the island, after a shipwreck, nearly brought these insects to extinction.

  • Nonetheless there were many rumors that some had been seen on the remains of a giant volcano,

  • nearly 30km away from Lord Howe Island. And in 2001 an expedition was launched that found

  • 24 stick insects in a shrub 152 meters high.

  • There are now over 9000, bred in Melbourne Zoo.

  • 3. Takahē

  • Native to New Zealand, this flightless bird was thought to have been driven to extinction

  • in 1898. This was after excessive hunting and habitat destruction caused a sharp decline

  • in its numbers.

  • Although it was once found throughout New Zealand, in 1948 it was discovered that the

  • remaining takahē had relocated to a mountain on New Zealand’s south island.

  • Breeders now use glove puppets to help rear takahē chicks with minimized human contact.

  • Early attempts at rearing the chicks led the birds to think that the human breeders were

  • their parents.

  • 2. Pygmy Tarsier

  • Weighing only 56 grams, this tiny mammal has been described as a cross between a Gremlin

  • and a Furby.

  • Re-discovered in 2008, researchers found the Pygmy Tarsier following an 8-year expedition,

  • after an Indonesian scientist accidentally killed one in a rat trap.

  • The tiny primate was last seen alive in the 1920s and was thought to have become extinct

  • due to logging destroying its habitat.

  • The Pygmy tarsier is known for its massive eyes that enable night vision. Some species

  • of Tarsier can even communicate at ultrasonic frequencies.

  • 1. Coelacanths

  • Maybe the best hide and seek player ever, the Coelacanth went missing 65 million years

  • ago. It was re-discovered in 1938 after it was caught by a fishing boat in a South African

  • river and shown to museum curator Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer.

  • Originating from a time before the dinosaurs, the fish was only known to exist because of

  • its fossilized remains. This ancient fish’s lineage has been around for 360 million years

  • and is thought to have survived up to 15 extinction events.

  • Although searched for by scientists, the fish were actually familiar to Indonesian fishermen,

  • who occasionally caught the inedible creatures by mistake.

Top 10 Animals That Came Back From Extinction

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絶滅から復活した10の動物 (10 Animals That Came Back From Extinction)

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    richardwang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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