Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • Climate deal, shlimate deal, amirite? We don't actually have to do anything, do we?

  • At the recent COP21**** climate conference in Paris, 195 countries promised planet Earth

  • we'd stop messing with her. The press is calling it a huge win for environmentalists, world

  • cooperation, and for the health of our planet. President Obama said in a speech after the

  • deal was signed, this could be "the best chance we have to save the one planet we have." But

  • we just signed a piece of paper, we haven't done anything yet.

  • The UN has held a Climate Change "Conference of the Parties," every year since the mid-90s,

  • but more often the narrative is about their shortcomings rather than successes. The U.S.

  • famously avoided the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, and at the 2009 Copenhagen conference the

  • rich European countries (who got rich by burning coal) told developing nations like China and

  • India to agree to the same cuts they were imposing on themselves -- nah bro. There are

  • a lot of examples of climate policy fails, but listing them all gets depressing. While

  • we fight over language, climate change continues to ravage the planet. Knowing this, decisionmakers

  • came to Paris with a different strategy!

  • Unlike conferences in the past, Paris' COP21 let each country set its own goals for limiting

  • or slowing carbon emissions, fighting deforestation,

  • and identifying the adverse effects of climate change. In the last year, every country submitted

  • a set of goals, called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). Though each

  • are different, they're all based on keeping Earth under the dangerous 2C temperature increase

  • agreed on at Cancun's COP in 2010. Now everyone has the same finish-line, and their own map

  • to get there, AND they've all signed the COP21 deal! We're on our way y'all!! Right? Maybe?

  • So next, is each country shifts their wooden-cogged bureaucracies into gear toward a net-zero

  • emissions goal. From now until 2018, when they meet next, they'll assess how to achieve the first steps laid

  • out in the Paris accords; then they'll showcase their kickstarted plans. According

  • to their INDCs: China is investing heavily in clean energy and will attempt to decrease

  • after 2030; the U.S. will reduce carbon emissions by 26 percent from levels measured in 2005;

  • the European Union will cut 40 percent, Brazil will cut 37 percent and curb deforestation

  • to keep the Amazon carbon sink in tact -- trees suck up carbon! Yay! India (the third largest

  • CO2 emitter) is planning to promote clean energy generation and consumption. And even

  • many Pacific Islands (some of which will be underwater before the 2100 target date) are

  • submitting INDCs! The Paris agreement is exceedingly complex, but COP21 guarantees each nation

  • has their own, reachable, goals! The politicians involved are calling this a huge diplomatic

  • success; but is that the scientific reality? [[skeptical noise]].

  • Vox put together a chart from Climate Action Tracker data, and found without COP21's plan

  • we'd hit a 3.8C increase by 2100. With the Paris pledges we'll still hit 2.7C! WAY over

  • the 2C upper limit! The agreement calls for deep reductions. And we need DEEP cuts, but

  • they will hurt. So, to help developed nations overachieve their goals, rich countries pledged

  • 100 billion dollars per year in public and private investment by 2020 to will help the

  • poorer countries get affordable clean energy and lessen their struggles to meet ambitious

  • climate goals.

  • Look, in the end, the Paris talks are revolutionary on one hand because nearly 200 countries recognized

  • publicly that lowering carbon emissions to curb climate change is important! So what

  • happens now? The diplomats have to convince the governing bodies of their home nations

  • to follow the pledge. What we have to do now is as citizens, keep the pressure on our leaders.

  • While the actual GOALS aren't legally punishable, they will HAVE to show up in public transparently,

  • and say WHY they didn't meet them every five years. In the end, most are seeing this as

  • the first step of a long, hard road. But a road that will have our children and descendants

  • breathing easier. Of course, some countries won't be breathing

  • at all, because climate change will have already drowned some of them, overrunning their land

  • with ocean. Check that video out here

Climate deal, shlimate deal, amirite? We don't actually have to do anything, do we?


ワンタップで英和辞典検索 単語をクリックすると、意味が表示されます

B1 中級

パリでの気候ディール。知っておきたいこと (Climate Deal in Paris: Everything You Need to Know)

  • 576 60
    羅紹桀 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日