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  • Following terror attacks in France and the US, presidential hopeful Donald Trump called

  • for Muslims to be barred from entering the United States. This form of controversial

  • rhetoric has been a consistent theme during the Trump campaign. Some, including Jeb Bush’s

  • national security advisor, are suggesting that his political ideology resembles fascism.

  • So, we wanted to know, is Donald Trump actually a fascist?

  • Well, the problem with identifying a fascist is that the label is applied to a huge number

  • of differing political theories. It was actually Italy’s Benito Mussolini who's considered the founder of fascism

  • in 1919. In a nutshell, the ideology is based on strengthening a country through extreme

  • nationalism, a powerful leader, and the exclusion ofweakergroups.

  • An essay by Italian philosopher, Umberto Eco, distinguishes fourteen characteristics which

  • are found in fascism, and have been the subject of accusations against Donald Trump.

  • In a nutshell, Eco says that fascism relies on a cult of tradition, while rejecting modernism.

  • In many ways, new ideas are seen as the beginning of modern depravity; that with a breakdown

  • in moral and traditional order comes chaos. It is then unsurprising that even Trump’s

  • slogan, “Make America Great Againplays in line with traditionalism. And his fear

  • of things like the internet speaks to the fascist fear of modern depravity.

  • Another hallmark of fascism is anti-intellectualism. In this way, knowledgeable criticism is not

  • only ignored, but ridiculed. Trump says that he isvery smart”, but he has also suggested

  • that knowing things doesn’t make you a good leader.

  • Further characteristics are based on the idea that dissent and diversity are bad, and they

  • weaken discourse and society. Almost by definition, Eco says that fascism is racist, or at the

  • very leastanti-diversity”. Trump’s rampant xenophobia, within which he proposes

  • deporting 11 million immigrants, and blocking entry to the US for Muslims, is an open appeal

  • extreme nationalism.

  • In his presidential announcement speech, Trump latched onto another important fascist quality.

  • Enemies of the state are defined as being strong and needlessly wealthy. At the same

  • time, they are able to be brought down by a heroic, charismatic leader. For Trump, this

  • enemy is China, and he is that leader.

  • There are even more subtle aspects of Trump’s rhetoric and campaign which reflect fascist

  • attitudes ofmachismoand sexually demeaning mores. The way Trump speaks to and about women,

  • as well as in relation to other men illustrates these thoughts.

  • But perhaps the most identifiable aspect is what is calledthe big lie”. The concept

  • of newspeak, for using language and discourse to support lies and half truths. Despite being

  • regularly called out as lying, Trump simply denies the allegations. He usually attacks

  • the source of the accusation, and often the media in general.

  • Still, despite the many similarities, some say that Trump isn’t necessarily a fascist,

  • but rather, an opportunist. Trump’s lack of ideological direction suggests that a vocal

  • portion of the US public is calling for a fascist candidate, and Trump has simply filled

  • that role. The scariest thought is not that Trump is a fascist, but that American voters

  • want one.

  • For a deep dive into the history of fascism and its different definitions, watch our video.

  • Thanks for watching! don’t forget to subscribe so you don’t miss out on our new videos.

Following terror attacks in France and the US, presidential hopeful Donald Trump called

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ドナルド・トランプはファシスト? (Is Donald Trump A Fascist?)

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    羅紹桀 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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