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  • >> I'M MAX DONATH, AND WELCOME TO OUR SEMINAR SERIES ON

  • ADVANCED TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGIES.

  • AS WE'VE DONE THESE PAST FEW WEEKS, I'M GOING TO WELCOME

  • HANNAH GRUNE FIRST TO COME UP AND JUST TAKE CARE OF SOME

  • HOUSEKEEPING AND THEN I'LL TAKE OVER AND INTRODUCE OUR

  • SPEAKER. >> THANK YOU.

  • WELCOME, EVERYONE, FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO ARE WATCHING VIA

  • THE WEB, WE ASK THAT YOU PLEASE SIGN IN WITH THE NUMBER

  • OF PEOPLE WATCHING AT YOUR LOCATION IN THE CHAT BOX AT

  • THE UPPER RIGHT-HAND SIDE. AND WE ARE REQUIRED TO REPORT

  • OUR VIEWERSHIP RATES TO THE U.S. D.O.T. AND WOULD

  • APPRECIATE HAVING THE MOST ACCURATE COUNT POSSIBLE.

  • FOR STUDENTS IN THE ROOM, IF YOU ARE WAITING ON A WRITEUP

  • BACK FROM ME, PLEASE SEE ME AFTER THE SEMINAR IS OVER.

  • FOR THE LIVE AUDIENCE, PLEASE HOLD ALL OF YOUR QUESTIONS

  • UNTIL THE END. WE'LL BE PASSING AROUND THIS

  • MICROPHONE SO THAT THE WEB AUDIENCE CAN HEAR WHAT'S BEING

  • SAID. SO PLEASE MAKE SURE TO HOLD IT

  • CLOSE TO YOUR FACE. THANK YOU.

  • >> I'M HONORED TO INTRODUCE

  • SPEAKER TODAY. IT TOOK ME A WHILE TO CONVINCE

  • HIM TO GIVE THIS SEMINAR. DEMOZ GEBRE-EGZIABHER.

  • HE'S BEEN INVOLVED IN THIS AREA OF WORKING WITH DRONES

  • AND UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES FOR QUITE SOME TIME.

  • AND I REMEMBER HE WORKED WITH THE MINNESOTA STATE PATROL

  • HELICOPTER FOLKS, LOOKING AT THE RISK OF DRONES MIXING IT

  • UP WITH STATE PATROL HELICOPTERS, AND WHAT ARE SOME

  • OF THE RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH THAT, AND THAT WAS IN 2006,

  • 2005, IN THAT TIME FRAME, SO ABOUT TEN YEARS AGO BEFORE ALL

  • THE BUZZ ON DRONES THAT WE HEAR ABOUT IN THE NEWSPAPER

  • THESE DAYS. PROFESSOR DEMOZ

  • GEBRE-EGZIABHER HAS BEEN ALL OVER THE PLACE.

  • HE DID -- HE RECEIVED HIS Ph PhD AT STANFORD UNIVERSITY.

  • HE WAS A COMMISSIONED NAVAL OFFICER FOR SIX, SEVEN YEARS.

  • LEFT THE SERVICE AS A LIEUTENANT IN THE NAVY.

  • HE WORKED WITH THE NAVAL C.E. SYSTEMS COMMAND IN WASHINGTON,

  • D.C., FOR QUITE A NUMBER OF YEARS.

  • AND IS AN INSTRUMENTED-RATED PILOT.

  • AND I'M SURE THERE WILL BE A LOT OF QUESTIONS AFTER THIS

  • TALK. SO WITHOUT FURTHER ADO, LET'S

  • WELCOME PROFESSOR GEBRE EGZIABHER.

  • [ Applause ]

  • IS THE MICROPHONE ON? ALL RIGHT.

  • SO THANK YOU, MAX, FOR THAT WELCOME, THE INVITE, AND THANK

  • YOU, EVERYONE, FOR BEING HERE THIS AFTERNOON.

  • I'M GOING TO GIVE AN OVERVIEW ABOUT UNMANNED AIRCRAFT

  • SYSTEMS, U.A.S., SOMETIMES CALLED.

  • TALK ABOUT THE OPPORTUNITIES FOR USING THESE IN TRAFFIC AND

  • INFRASTRUCTURE SURVEILLANCE OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES.

  • AND I'M GOING TO SPEND MORE TIME ON THE CHALLENGE SIDE.

  • BECAUSE WE'LL SEE THERE'S ALL KINDS OF THINGS WE CAN DO WITH

  • THESE VEHICLES, THERE'S ALL KINDS OF THINGS THAT PEOPLE

  • HAVE AND THEIR VISION OF DOING WITH THEM.

  • BUT ALL OF THESE COME WITH SOME CHALLENGES THAT WE NEED

  • TO ADDRESS BEFORE WE CAN ACTUALLY USE THESE ON A

  • DAY-TO-DAY APPLICATION. I'LL TALK A LITTLE BIT ABOUT

  • THE OPPORTUNITIES, ALSO TALK ABOUT THE CHALLENGES, SOME OF

  • THE THINGS WE'RE DOING HERE AT THE U OF M TO ADDRESS SOME OF

  • THESE CHALLENGES. SO, WITHOUT -- BEFORE WE GET

  • INTO THE TOP -- THE MEAT OF THE TOPIC, LET'S KIND OF

  • DEFINE SOME BACKGROUNDS BACKGROUND TERMS

  • AND IDEAS, BASICALLY. SO, FIRST OF ALL, UNMANNED

  • AERIAL VEHICLES, THEY'RE BASICALLY AIRCRAFT THAT ARE

  • OPERATED AUTONOMOUSLY, ALL RIGHT, COULD BE COMPLETELY

  • AUTONOMOUSLY OR THERE COULD BE SOMEONE ON THE GROUND REMOTELY

  • OPERATING THEM, CALLED DRONES, THAT TERM BOTHERS ME, I GUESS

  • I'M LOSING, AND THAT'S BECOMING THE STANDARD TERM SO

  • WE'LL CALL THEM DRONES OR THEY COULD BE CALLED R.P.V.s OR

  • R.O.V.s, ANOTHER TERM THAT'S USED FOR THEM.

  • THERE'S ALL KINDS OF ENVISION ENVISIONED APPLICATIONS FOR

  • THESE VEHICLES. THEY'RE BEING ENVISIONED FOR

  • WHAT ARE CALLED THE 3Ds OR THE DANGEROUS, THE DIRTY AND

  • THE DULL MISSIONS. AND IF YOU WANT TO LIST SOME

  • OF THE DANGEROUS ONES, FOR EXAMPLE, THAT'S SOME OF THE

  • THINGS WE DO AT THE U.A.V. LAB LAB, FLIGHT TESTING, THEY'RE A

  • NICE SURROGATE FOR BIG AIRPLANES, WHERE IN THE PAST

  • YOU'D HAVE TO PUT A TEST PILOT IN, NOW YOU CAN PUT A UNMANNED

  • AIRCRAFT IN AND DO THE RISKY WITH IT.

  • THE DIRTY, TALK ABOUT ENVIRONMENTAL

  • ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING, THEY'RE BEING USED, FOR

  • EXAMPLE, TO MONITOR SMOKESTACKS OF FACTORIES AND

  • SORT OF THINGS LIKE THAT. PRECISION AGRICULTURE, WE'RE

  • USING FOR CHEMICAL SPRAYING, PERHAPS.

  • AND THEN YOU GOT THE DULL SIDE OF IT, WHICH IS, WELL, DULL

  • NOT IN THE SENSE THAT IT'S BORING, BUT IT'S CONTINUOUSLY

  • LOOKING AT INFRASTRUCTURE, INSPECTING SOMETHING MIGHT BE

  • DULL, SO THEY COULD TAKE THAT KIND OF DULLNESS AWAY FROM

  • HUMAN OPERATOR. SO THOSE ARE THE KINDS OF

  • APPLICATIONS THEY'RE BEING LOOKED AT FOR.

  • WHAT WE'RE GOING TO DO IN THIS TALK, I'M GOING TO LOOK AT

  • JUST TWO CASE STUDIES, TWO CASES OF WHERE WE COULD USE

  • THEM IN TRAFFIC AND INFRASTRUCTURE SURVEILLANCE,

  • AND THEN TALK ABOUT THE LIMITATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH

  • THEM. AND I'M GOING TO FOCUS ON WHAT

  • ARE CALLED SMALL OR CLASS 1 AND 2U.A.V.s, THEY COME IN

  • ALL KINDS OF SIZE AND RANGES. THE GLOBAL HAWK SHOWN HERE IS

  • ABOUT A 30,000 U.A.V., HAS A WING SPAN ABOUT 130 FEET,

  • ABOUT THE SIZE OF A 737, IF YOU WANT TO THINK ABOUT IT

  • THIS WAY. COMPLETELY DIFFERENT ISSUES,

  • DIFFERENT PROBLEMS, WE'RE GOING TO FOCUS ON THESE THAT

  • ARE THE MOST RELEVANT THAT WE'RE GOING TO BE TALKING

  • ABOUT TODAY. SMALL U.A.V.s.

  • THE CLASSIFICATION, I SAID THERE'S A LARGE SPAN OF

  • CAPABILITIES, SIZES, WHAT WE'RE GOING TO FOCUS ON ARE

  • JUST WHAT ARE CALLED THE GROUP 2 AND 3 U.A.V.s, AND

  • BASICALLY ONE WAY TO THINK ABOUT THEM, THEY WEIGH LESS

  • THAN 55 POUNDS, AND THEY FLY SLOWER THAN 200 KNOTS,

  • ACTUALLY, A BETTER NUMBER IS 1 100 MILES PER HOUR, SO

  • SOMETHING IN THAT AREA. AND THEY DON'T FLY VERY HIGH,

  • EVEN THOUGH THE CLASSIFICATION OF THESE UP TO 3,500 FEET,

  • USUALLY WE'RE TALKING ABOUT APPLICATIONS LESS THAN 500

  • FEET ABOVE THE GROUND. SO WE'RE GOING TO FOCUS ON

  • THOSE. AGAIN, IT'S A BIG AREA, SO

  • WE'RE JUST GOING TO

  • NARROW DOWN, LOOK AT ONE PARTICULAR

  • ASPECT OF IT. ALL RIGHT.

  • SO ONE MORE PIECE OF TERMINOLOGY.

  • IS THE TERM U.A.V. AND U.A.S. GETS THROWN BACK AND FORTH

  • INTERCHANGEABLY, AND I WILL DO THAT, TOO.

  • TO BE CORRECT, THOUGH, WE SHOULD DISTINGUISH BETWEEN

  • THOSE TWO. THE U.A.V., THE UNMANNED

  • AERIAL VEHICLE, IS THE AIRCRAFT THAT'S IN THE AIR

  • THAT'S DOING THE MISSION THAT HAS A PAYLOAD ON IT.

  • HOWEVER, ASSOCIATED WITH THAT, THERE HAS TO BE A GROUND

  • STATION. THERE HAS TO BE SOMEONE ON THE

  • GROUND CONTROLLING IT, COMMANDING IT, TELLING IT TO

  • DO WHAT IT NEEDS TO DO, AND THAT'S AN INTEGRAL PART OF

  • THIS. SO THE GROUND STATION, PLUS

  • THE RADIO DATA LINKS THAT ARE USED TO SEND INFORMATION UP,

  • PLUS THE AERIAL VEHICLE TOGETHER FORM WHAT'S CALLED A

  • U.A.S., UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEM SYSTEM.

  • SO WHEN WE TALK ABOUT U.A.V.s U.A.V.s, WE SHOULD REALLY BE

  • TALKING ABOUT THE ENTIRE SYSTEM, SO THE AIRCRAFT, THE

  • DEALINGS AND THE GROUND OPERATOR.

  • AND YOU WILL SEE MAYBE IN ABOUT 10, 15 MINUTES WHEN I

  • START TALKING ABOUT HOW YOU OPERATE THESE AIRCRAFT LEGALLY

  • LEGALLY, THIS PART OF THE PICTURE BECOMES IMPORTANT, THE

  • GROUND, THE OPERATOR IS ACTUALLY AN INTEGRAL PART OF

  • ALL OF THIS. ALL RIGHT.

  • SO, THE ROAD MAP, I JUST DID SOME BACKGROUND, WHAT I WANT

  • TO DO NEXT IS TALK ABOUT A LITTLE BIT ABOUT OPPORTUNITIES

  • OPPORTUNITIES, WHO'S USING U. U.A.S. AND WHAT APPLICATIONS.

  • AND WHAT I'M GOING TO DO -- USE THAT FOR IS TO SET THE

  • GROUNDWORK FOR THE CHALLENGES. AND, AGAIN, IF THERE'S ANYONE

  • HERE INTERESTED IN U.A.V.s, OR IN THE AUDIENCE, YOU

  • PROBABLY ARE INTERESTED IN KNOWING WHAT ARE THE ISSUES,

  • WHAT DO I NEED TO BE AWARE OF BEFORE I USE THEM.

  • THERE ARE SOME REGULATORY ISSUES, WE'LL TALK ABOUT THOSE

  • THOSE. AND WE'LL ANCHOR THAT WITH

  • TECHNICAL CHALLENGES THAT ARE OUT THERE, THAT ARE STILL

  • BEING WORKED ON THAT ARE NOT ADDRESSED AND I'LL GIVE A

  • SUMMARY AND OPEN IT UP FOR SOME QUESTIONS.

  • THAT'S THE ROAD MAP, THAT'S WHAT WE'RE GOING TO DO.

  • ALL RIGHT. SO LET'S TALK ABOUT

  • OPPORTUNITIES. AND BEFORE I DO THAT, LET ME

  • SHOW YOU THIS TABLE. SO, FIRST OF ALL, TO BE ABLE

  • TO OPERATE U.A.V.s LEGALLY IN THE U.S. TODAY, YOU HAVE TO

  • HAVE PERMISSION FROM THE F.A. F.A.A.

  • AND WE'LL TALK ABOUT THE DETAILS OF HOW TO DO THAT.

  • DON'T DO IT WITHOUT A PERMISSION.

  • IT'S GOING TO BE COSTLY. STARTING TO BECOME COSTLY

  • THESE DAYS BECAUSE THEY'RE BEGINNING TO ENFORCE THE RULES

  • RULES. ANYWAY, SO, THIS TABLE WAS

  • GENERATED FROM THE LIST OF FOLKS THAT APPLIED FOR PERMITS

  • TO OPERATE U.A.V.s LAST YEAR YEAR.

  • AND, SO, BASED ON THAT, WHAT WE SEE IS, AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY,

  • OR AERIAL SURVEYING SEEMS TO BE THE PLACE WHERE THERE'S A

  • LOT OF APPLICATION FOR PERMISSION GOING ON.

  • HOWEVER, THIS IS KIND OF MIS MISLEADING BECAUSE THERE ARE

  • SOME OTHER APPLICATIONS, LIKE PRECISION AGRICULTURE,

  • INFRASTRUCTURE INSPECTION, WHICH ARE DEFINITELY GOING TO