字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント I want to start with the story of how I kind of broke the law, and kind of manipulated thousands of people to get what I deserved. It's the mid 1990s, I'm 15 years old, and ever since childhood, I wanted to become a music producer. But I had a big problem: music studios were luxurious and expensive, and to make electronic music, you had to get these modules, each module with a specific purpose. One module would create piano sounds, another one would create echo effects, and a third one would give you synthesizer sounds, and so on. So, to make a full record, you had to get a bunch of these, which quickly exceeded thousands of dollars, money which we didn't have. So, as I was jamming along on my cheap Casio keyboard and surfing the web, something amazing happened. A Swedish software company shows up, and they announce their brand new product. They said, "With our product, you can get as many modules as you want, you can create as many sounds and effects as you want, in you computer." And boy, did I get excited. Things went fast. I quickly learned how to master every button and lever in this program, and after a while, I had a bunch of good tracks in my repertoire. So, I thought to myself, "Wow, my music actually sounds good now. I am as good as the people they play on the radio." So, I wanted to be in the record store. But to get there, I had to get past the gatekeepers, the big record labels deciding who can and who cannot be on the record store shelves. So I did what everyone told me to do: I burned my tracks on CDs, and I sent them to the best labels in the world. Months went by, weeks went by, nobody answered me, and I got devastated. But I happened to know the record industry's worst enemy. Napster had emerged around the same time, a software that let you share your music in mp3 files with anyone in the world. People got to poke around on the folders in your computer and you got to poke around on their computers, and download music from each other. And every day, hundreds of people would come to my computer and download music from me, and I quickly noticed an obvious trend. When a famous artist had just released a new album, people would come in droves to download that album from my computer. So, I got an idea: "What if I take two of my best tracks, and I tuck them gently into the folders of other famous artist's albums?" (Laughter) And I would photoshop the album covers and the backside, and change the track lists, so to avoid suspicion. Brilliant. Nobody noticed a thing, and now, hundreds, thousands of people were downloading my music, without even knowing it and without even wanting it. (Laughter) So my music spread like wildfire, and people started to notice. Discussion forums on the web tried to figure out, "Why are there two tracks the album I downloaded from the web, but in the store, I can't find these tracks on the CD?" They wanted to know, "Who's this guy making this music?" They actually liked my music. So, all of a sudden, I was a semi-famous personality in the underground music world. So, long story short, this little maneuver got me in contact with some important people, and a while later, I got to sign record deals with three of the best companies at that time. Now, here's the irony of it all: the same technologies - the Internet and digital music sharing - that helped me achieve this were the same technologies that would turn the music industry upside down and almost destroy it. Because why would you buy a CD anymore, when the convenient click of a mouse button would give you the same product for a fraction of the price and a fraction of the time? That leads us to one of my favorite quotes, made by Ayn Rand decades ago, but I think it's more relevant than ever. She said, "You can avoid reality, but you cannot avoid the consequences of avoiding reality." And before I tell you what I think this reality is, I'll let these words from a Newsweek article in 1995 speak for themselves: "People predict that we'll soon buy books and newspapers straight over the Internet. Uh, sure.", Clifford Stoll wrote, sarcastically. In 2012, people spent USD $1 billion online per day, during the holiday season, and that was the same year Newsweek had to end its print run and go all digital. So, I know that we're all aware that technology can show up and transform our world overnight, but I still think that we underestimate how fast technology can come and transform everything. So, what if I ask you: what is the speed of technology? Can we actually measure it? Well, I won't be able to give you a number as an answer, but I can tell you this: 25,000 years ago, one of the first human technologies emerged, the art of painting and drawing. >From then until we figured out agriculture, it took astounding 50,000 years, but from agriculture until we figured out writing and the wheel, it only took 5,000 years. >From writing and the wheel till we figured out how to organize our societies into cities and states, it only took 2,500 years. And from city states till we figured out the experimental method, only 1,900 years. And from that to industrialism, only 325 years. And from industrialism till we invented electricity, the telephone and the radio, only 95 years. And from that to the first vacuum tube computers, only 65 years. And from primitive computers to the modern PC, only 38 years. And from modern computing to the Internet, it only took 15 years. And from the Internet to smartphones, the Cloud and mobile computing, it only took 12 years. So, do you see what's happening here? This is what Ray Kurzweil called "The Law of Accelerating Returns," essentially meaning that the more advanced we become, the faster we become at advancing. So, the answer to "How fast is technology?" - well, technology is an accelerating force. The future approaches us faster and faster all the time. Now, we've looked at technology from a historical perspective, so let's have a quick look at what's been going on just recently. So, scientists have developed a smartphone device that can scan you for HIV and syphilis in just 15 minutes. Take a quick blood sample, put it in the device, and the results will on your smartphone displays in just 15 minutes. A research group has developed a new kind of microscope that can give you live 3D images of body organs in live animals. In this example, you see the beating heart of a zebra fish. This research group has developed a handheld laser probe that can scan the brain for brain cancer tumors live during surgery. And finally, NASA together with Microsoft have combined Microsoft's HoloLens technology with images from the Curiosity rover on Mars to give scientists on Earth virtual access to the surface of Mars. So, scientists can walk around, collaborate and experiment, without going to Mars. Now, the things I just showed you, I think they're absolutely amazing, but what I think is almost even more amazing is the fact that the things I just showed you are news announced only during the last 30 days. This is just news from the last 30 days. That's how fast technology is progressing. So, here we are, with the Cloud, mobile computing, and smartphones at our fingertips, smartphones a thousand times faster, a thousand times cheaper, and a thousand times smaller than the computers from the 1950s. That's a billionfold progress in just 65 years. And we have so much more cool stuff ahead of us. Honda is developing humanoid robots that can walk, talk, perform everyday tasks, such as pouring drinks, serving food, and guiding guests around the building. And they can even communicate with three persons at the same time. Companies, with Google on the forefront, are developing cars that can drive themselves, and they drive better than human beings do. And then, we have the mind-blowing, super computer at IBM, by the name of "Watson". Watson was designed to understand, analyze and speak human language fluently. And to test its capabilities, they uploaded to it all of Wikipedia, IMDB and other databases, and then they sent the computer to Jeopardy, to compete against the two humans champions of the day. So, I'd like to show a quick clip of how that went. (Video) Host: Good morning, everybody. Thank you for being here. What do you say we play Jeopardy? Players: Alright. Host: Let's get right into the Jeopardy round. These categories: a man, a plane, a canal, eerie, chicks dig me, children's book titles, my Michelle, "M.C." 5 and, finally, vocabulary.