B1 中級 580

 Alright let's do something a little more interesting. Let's make a bandpass filter circuit. Start with a resistor, Ctrl + R to rotate. Grab a capacitor. Let's put down another capacitor. Ctrl + R. Finally another resistor. Escape. F3 to draw the wires. Escape. We will need a voltage source so hit F2. Let's put that down here. F3, Escape. And never ever forget the ground. Excellent. Now let's add some component values. Let's make this Resistor 10 kilohms. This capacitor... let's make it 1nF. Let's say this capacitor is 100pF. This resistor... let's say it's going to be 20 kilohms. As before we have to set up our voltage source. Go to "Advanced", "AC amplitude" and let's do 10 volts this time. Now we have to set up our simulation. Edit simulation command. AC analysis. I like to do the decade sweeps. Points per decade... let's say 100 points per decade. (Lots of resolution). Start at 1Hz and let's finish at a 100 MHz just in case there's something interesting happening at a really high frequency. Okay and it gives you the box and you can put that anywhere you want. Alright, ready to run the simulation. Simulate... Run... let's see what happens on the output node. Exactly as expected! We get a bandpass filter response on the magnitude curve. So you can see that around 36 kHz the signal is about 3.8 decibels. Frequencies higher than that get attenuated and frequencies lower than that also get attenuated. And again if you want to look at things in terms of volts, right click, "manual limits", decimals to logarithmic. Let's make the top 20 volts because our input is 10 volts. Leave the bottom as a tiny number. Okay you can see the peak above the curve is about 1.5 volts. Okay let's see what happens when we tweak some of the values. let's make this 1 kilohms instead and do the same simulation. Simulate, Run, Output node. Now the bandpass filter's center frequency has shifted up to 100Khz. Okay let's add a heavy load resistance and see what happens. What would happen if we added a 4 ohm speaker? Right click... 4 ohms... simulate again... So it looks like we've almost completely lost the original band pass characteristic. And that doesn't surprise me. Take a look at the load resistance compared to the other resistors in the circuit. We've got 4 ohms in parallel with 20 kilohms. That will completely change the RC time constant of this high pass section over here. We have the series resistor of 1 kilohm over here compared to 4 ohms over there. That's obviously going to change the entire characteristics of the circuit. So you can see that it's a really good idea to simulate your filters before you go out and build them. Otherwise you'll put different loads on them and you'll be wondering why aren't they working the way you thought they should. Okay I'm tired of filters so I'm going to show you how to simulate a little amplifier circuit that you can build out of a transistor.
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# Circuit simulation in LTSpice part 2/3

580

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1. ## 1. クリック一つで単語を検索

右側のスプリクトの単語をクリックするだけで即座に意味が検索できます。

2. ## 2. リピート機能

クリックするだけで同じフレーズを何回もリピート可能！

3. ## 3. ショートカット

キーボードショートカットを使うことによって勉強の効率を上げることが出来ます。

4. ## 4. 字幕の表示/非表示

日・英のボタンをクリックすることで自由に字幕のオンオフを切り替えられます。

5. ## 5. 動画をブログ等でシェア

コードを貼り付けてVoiceTubeの動画再生プレーヤーをブログ等でシェアすることが出来ます！

6. ## 6. 全画面再生

左側の矢印をクリックすることで全画面で再生できるようになります。

1. ## クイズ付き動画

リスニングクイズに挑戦！

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