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  • The copyright on Adolf Hitler’s autobiographical manifesto, Mein Kampf, expires at the end

  • of this year. And, Munich’s Institute of Contemporary History is making plans to republish

  • the text for the first time in Germany since 1945. The reason for this long lapse in publication

  • is that Germany has spent the last 70 years attempting to distance itself from the disgraced

  • Nazi regime. It has done this by instituting a number of laws and public policies that

  • heavily restrict references to Nazi symbolism and propaganda. So, what are Germany’s anti-Nazi

  • laws?

  • Well, in the years following the fall of the Nazis, American occupying forces confiscated

  • all media in Germany that supported the Nazi Party-banning over 30,000 books, and incinerating

  • millions of copies. They also destroyed all German military and Nazi memorials - with

  • the exception of tombstones and any related artwork.

  • Since wiping the slate clean, the German government instituted a list of directives banning all

  • Nazi-era symbols. The laws restrict the creation, dissemination, storage, and importation of

  • any unconstitutional political party’s media, particularly the Nazi party. It also bans

  • any flags, insignia, uniforms, slogans and forms of greeting associated with those parties.

  • However, the law makes a distinction in the context of art, science, research, education,

  • and journalism.

  • And although there is not an exhaustive ban list, it is generally considered to include

  • in one form or another; swastikas, the Celtic cross, the solar cross, the SS emblem, the

  • Odal rune, Wolfsangel, the Nazi war flag, the greetings, “Sig HeilandHeil

  • Hitler”, singing the Nazi anthem, or saying the Nazi’s motto. It is also illegal to

  • deny the holocaust, and this could lead to imprisonment.

  • Despite the understandable strictness of this ban, there have been some unintended consequences.

  • In 2006, the use of anti-fascist symbols which featured a crossed out swastika were deemed

  • illegal, as violations of the ban, despite their obviously opposite purpose. In order

  • to paint the absurdity of this interpretation, a member of the legislative branch turned

  • herself in to German police for having displayed the crossed out swastika during an anti-neo-Nazi

  • rally. In 2007, the German government clarified that this particular symbol was clearly not

  • pro-Nazi propaganda and would be exempt.

  • Even though these anti-Nazi laws exist, the German government has only banned two political

  • parties in its history, despite the resurgence of a neo-Nazi political party in German parliament.

  • As a democratic nation, Germany has long been struggling to prevent its history from reoccurring,

  • while attempting to allow for freedom of speech. The republication of this heavily annotated

  • version of Mein Kampf is a clear example of Germany’s balancing act between the importance

  • of historical documentation, and the explicit disapproval of their shameful past.

  • Even with Germany’s ban on Nazi propaganda, Nazism is on the rise in Europe, check out

  • this video to learn more. Thanks for watching TestTube, and please consider subscribing

  • so we can get all our new videos right into your home page.

The copyright on Adolf Hitler’s autobiographical manifesto, Mein Kampf, expires at the end

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How Germany Fights Nazis

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    羅紹桀 に公開 2015 年 11 月 06 日
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