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Quack, quack. Hi, my name's Ronnie, and I'm going to go over some grammar with you.
Do you hate grammar as much as I do? Oh, it's so confusing. I really, really, really love
teaching, but I really hate grammar. But I want to make it easy for you, so I found a
new trick. Yes! Check this out. Tricks by Ronnie. Ronnie's turning tricks. [Laughs]
We're going to do a little review to help you always get this continuous or progressive
tense malarkey down pat. There is one method or one trick that's really cool. Ready?
Meow. The answer is verb+ing. So, I want you to remember one thing from this lesson. In
English, as soon as you have something that's continuous or progressive, which is exactly
the same... Sometimes your textbook will say "continuous", some textbooks or some people
will say "progressive". It's exactly the same. But what you have to know and the cool trick
is that as soon as you have continuous or progressive, all this means is somewhere in
the magic of the sentence there's going to be verb+ing. Cool. So, present continuous,
past continuous, future continuous, somewhere in these sentences, you're going to have a
verb+ing. The more you study grammar, you get into past perfect continuous. Oh.
Present perfect continuous. Don't worry about those right now, but just remember that whatever
you have in progressive or continuous is going to have verbing somewhere in the sentence.
So let's just go through the easy parts. We're going to start, as we should, with the present
tense. So present continuous or present progressive is the subject, plus, in this sentence, because
it's present tense, we're going to have the present tense of the verb "to be". So: "is",
"am", "are" makes this present, "is", "am", "are". Negative: "isn't", "am not", or "aren't".
Plus your continuous verbing. So, present continuous is subject plus "is", "am", "are",
and your magic verbing. Cool. As an example... [Makes noises] I am watching you. Or you are
watching me, aren't you? Yeah, you're watching me, but I'm watching you. "I am watching"
you. "She is learning.", "They are listening." So, this is our example of "am", "is", "are",
plus verbing. Negative example: "He isn't sleeping." Are you sleeping? Wake up. Come
on. He isn't sleeping. You're not sleeping. Good. When we use this grammar, we have subject
plus the verb "to be", plus our magic verbing. We use present continuous for actions that
are only happening right now at the moment. You cannot use this at any other point. You
cannot say: "Yesterday, I am eating." Oh, Ronnie confused. Yesterday, yesterday, yesterday,
yesterday. Ah, haha: "was eating" is good because this is past continuous.
So this is where, and probably the first and only time in your life, grammar's going to
make sense. If present continuous or present progressive is the verb "to be" plus verbing,
the only thing that we're going to change to make it past is we're going to change the
verb "to be" into the past tense, which is "was" or "were". So to change it from present
continuous to past continuous, you're just changing "to be" verb. And then, of course,
you're going to add the verbing, because this is our magic. For example: "He was walking..."
He was walking down the street. Usually, when we use past continuous or past progressive,
we use it for telling a story.
So, if you want to tell your friend about something really
crazy that happened yesterday: "We were talking, and all of a sudden, a giant panda bear came
out and gave us a kiss." Yeah, good story, buddy. "I wasn't talking to him..." This is
an example of the negative. So, you can use "was", "wasn't", "were", or "weren't". Remember:
"He was", "We were", "I wasn't". Be careful with your subject and your verb agreement.
This is really important in all of the grammar.
So, present perfect is present of "to be" plus verbing. Past perfect is "was", "were",
plus verbing. Oh, cool. So what do you think future continuous would be, or future progressive?
We're going to have the subject, plus "will be", or if it's negative, we're going to use
"won't be", then the magic, the point is you're going to have verbing. With this one also,
it's very important that we put in a time marker. So, we use future continuous or future
progressive to talk about some plans in the future, and it's very important that we include
when the action happened or that there's a time marker. So: "We will be eating pizza
at 9 tonight." Delicious. Ronnie loves pizza. Do you want to buy me some pizza? Hungry.
Mm, I like Hawaiian; I like the pineapple and the ham, or the bacon. What's your favourite
kind of pizza? Will you be eating pizza tonight? Oh: "He won't be leaving on Monday." So, we
have the subject. In this one, we have the future simple hiding here: "will" or "won't".
Oh, hey, there's our verbing and our "be" verb. So, the only thing that changes here
is we've added the modal of "will" or "won't", and we've got "be" plus verb+ing. Again, it's
really important to never change the "be". You cannot say: "She will am going". You can
never change the "be" verb, here. The thing that agrees with the subject is going to be
the modal "will". So: "We will be eating", "He won't be leaving".
This is the trick: As soon as you see something that's continuous or progressive, you always
have to put a verb+ing somewhere in the sentence. Present is the present of the verb "to be"
plus verbing, past is "was" or "were" plus verbing, and the future
is "will" or "won't be" plus verbing.
What will you be doing on your vacation when you come to Toronto? Do you want to meet me?
I've got some information coming up for you on how you can hang out with me
in the great city of Toronto.
Till then, adios.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

Learn CONTINUOUS TENSES in English the EASY way!

1190 タグ追加 保存
Ying Xuan Lu 2015 年 10 月 4 日 に公開
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