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  • Hello. This is Gill, here, at www.engvid.com. And today, we're going to have a lesson on

  • the use of the verb "to keep". Okay? It's a verb that's used a lot in English, so it's

  • a very useful word to know, and to know how to use it. And it can actually be used in

  • different ways, in slightly different ways, different meanings. So I'm just going to show

  • you three of those main ways of using the verb "to keep" in this lesson.

  • Okay. First of all, to explain how "to keep" is different from the verb "to hold". Sometimes

  • people get them confused. "To hold". Okay, I'm at the moment, I'm holding, holding a

  • pen or a board marker. I may not keep it. If I take it home with me, that means I keep

  • it. But if I leave it in this classroom when I go, I did not keep it. I'm holding it now,

  • but I will not be keeping it. I leave it here. Okay, so with "to hold", for example, you

  • can ask somebody... You're holding your bag, you need to put your coat on. You can't do

  • both, so you ask somebody: "Can you hold my bag while I put my coat on?" Okay? And then:

  • "Thank you." You have your bag back again. They give it back. So they hold the bag, it's

  • temporary. Just like me holding this pen is temporary; I will be putting it back on the

  • table at the end of the session. So "to hold" is a temporary thing. Just holding something.

  • Okay? So, that's "to hold".

  • So now let's have a look at the first meaning of the verb "to keep", which means something

  • like to... To retain. Like I was saying, if I retain this, if I keep it, I take it home

  • with me and never... Never give it back to the person it belongs to, which is stealing.

  • So we can't do that. Can we? No. Okay.

  • So, you can say to somebody... Say you... If I... If this did belong to me, if this

  • was my pen, but somebody else said: "Oh, isn't that a lovely pen? I need a pen like that.

  • Oh." So I would say: "Oh, well, if you... Here you are. You can use it, and if you like

  • it, you can keep it. Okay? I've got lots more pens like this, so you're very welcome to

  • have it. You can keep it." So if you like it, the pen, you can keep it. And you keep

  • it, you take it home with you. You use it. It's then your pen. It was my pen. Now it's

  • your pen. You kept it. So, past tense: "kept". Irregular verb. Right. Okay.

  • Next example... For example, maybe I've broken my leg or something, and it's the summer.

  • I can't go swimming for the whole of the summer because I've broken my leg. Right? So I don't

  • need my swimsuit for the whole of the summer. So... But a friend of mine really, really,

  • really wants to go swimming, and she's going on holidays soon, and the hotel has a swimming

  • pool. It's near the sea. She doesn't have a swimsuit. So, I can't use my swimsuit; I've

  • broken my leg. So, I say to her: "Here is my swimsuit - you can keep it for the summer,

  • but I will need to have it back in September." Okay? Because my leg will be better in September,

  • and I will want to start swimming again. So, keeping can be temporary if you say: "You

  • can keep it for the summer,"-okay?-"but I will need to have it back"-you have to give

  • it back to me-"in September." Okay? Right?

  • And similarly, if you go in a taxi and you have to pay the taxi driver... Terribly expensive,

  • but anyway. If you're feeling generous and you've got lots of money to spare, you can

  • say: "I told the taxi driver to keep the change." Let's say the taxi fare was, in UK money,

  • 8.50. Okay? And you gave him a £10 note, and you said to him: "Keep the change." You

  • didn't want £1.50 back from him; you were happy to give him a £10 note and let him

  • keep the change. Not give you any change. It's what you call a "tip". You gave the taxi

  • driver a tip. Okay? So, keep the change. alright?

  • And then finally, for this section: "You can keep your things in this drawer." Maybe you

  • start a new job and you're on the first day, you're taken to your desk: "This is where

  • you're going to be sitting. Here's your computer. There's a drawer here. You can keep your things

  • in this drawer." So all of your pens, pencils, paper for writing on, anything, your diary,

  • everything you need for your job to stop the table... The desk looking untidy. You can

  • put the things in the drawer. "You can keep your things in this drawer." Okay. That's

  • sort of fairly permanent: keep things in the drawer for the length of the time that you're

  • going to be working there, so hopefully a nice long time, and hopefully a nice enjoyable

  • job. Okay. Right, so we'll now move on to look at another aspect of the verb "to keep".

  • We have three sentences here. For example: "He keeps his car in good condition." Okay?

  • So your friend has car, he looks after it very well. He keeps it clean, keeps it clean.

  • He looks after it. If it needs to be repaired, he takes it to the garage. He doesn't neglect

  • the car. He really takes care of it. So: "He keeps his car in good condition." It's like

  • saying: "He maintains his car in good condition." Okay?

  • Secondly: "Do you keep a diary?" Right? So that's a slightly different meaning of "keep".

  • If you have a diary, maybe not just an appointment diary, but a diary, a journal where you write

  • down things that happen each day and maybe make comments about things that happen. "Do

  • you keep a diary?" Which means you go to your diary every day, every few days maybe, at

  • least once a week to write a few things in your diary in a kind of regular way. So "to

  • keep a diary", you write in a book regularly about your life. Okay. Right?

  • And then finally, in this section: "Can you keep a secret?" Okay? This is something a

  • friend might say to you. "Can you keep a secret? I'm going to tell you something now, but you've

  • got to promise not to tell anybody else. Can you keep a secret?" Meaning keep it to yourself.

  • Keep it, and don't share it with other people. Don't tell other people this secret thing.

  • So, whatever it is, I don't know because it's a secret. Okay? But can you keep a secret?

  • Has anybody ever told you a secret? And have you then gone and told other people, or have

  • you kept it, kept it to yourself? Okay? It's tempting sometimes, isn't it? But you have

  • to really try hard not to tell anybody else because you promised. Right. Okay. Right.

  • Okay, moving on to another slightly different usage. This one, this is like the meaning

  • being continuing, to continue. So, if you're in a car: "It's a long journey", you're going

  • hundreds of miles. "It's a long journey", and you want to rest, you want to stop, you

  • want to sleep, anything. But: "It's a long journey, but we must keep going." Keep going.

  • So, to keep going is to continue. We can't stop. We have to be that... In that place

  • by a certain time. We can't stop and rest. We've got to keep going. Keep going. Continue.

  • Okay?

  • And then similarly, you might still be in this car, and you say: "If we keep that tall

  • building in sight, we won't get lost." Okay? You know, if you're in a strange city, maybe

  • you're walking around, and you think: "Well, I need somewhere... Somewhere, a big building,

  • a tall building that I can see from any part of the city, and then I will know where I

  • am." Okay? So you keep the building in sight, meaning you can always see it. Keep it in

  • sight or in view. If we keep it in sight, we won't get lost. Okay?

  • And then this meaning here is more to do with preserving, like with food. You don't want

  • the food to go bad. So: "The food will keep if you put it in the freezer." Okay? So, this

  • is about preserving the food so that in a month's time, you can take it out of the freezer,

  • you can cook it, you can eat it and it tastes good. Right, so food will keep if you put

  • it in the freezer. Right?

  • And then finally, this is a notice you might sometimes see if you're visiting a place that

  • has lovely lawns, grass. So these are lawns. If it's beautifully cut green grass, and they

  • don't want people walking on it all the time because it just goes muddy, you get brown

  • patches, it looks horrible, so sometimes you have a sign that says: "KEEP OFF THE GRASS."

  • Okay? Not even "please". It usually just says: "KEEP OFF THE GRASS." For it to say "please",

  • they'd need to have a much longer notice, so: "KEEP OFF THE GRASS." It's an order. Right?

  • So you cannot walk on the grass. Keep off the grass. Okay.

  • So, I hope that little lesson was helpful to show you the different ways of using the

  • verb "to keep". If you'd like to visit the website: www.engvid.com, there is a quiz there

  • for you to test yourself on this. And also, if you'd like to subscribe to my YouTube channel

  • if you would like to keep in touch with my lessons as they come out, that would be great.

  • And hope to see you again soon. Okay. Bye for now.

Hello. This is Gill, here, at www.engvid.com. And today, we're going to have a lesson on

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英語の動詞「KEEP」の使い方10選 (10 ways to use the verb 'KEEP' in English)

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    VoiceTube に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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