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  • DOES JACKSON LIKE SHRIMP?

  • HE DOES -- WHOA!

  • I'M RICK STEVES, BACK WITH MORE OF

  • "THE BEST OF EUROPE."

  • THIS TIME, WE'RE DOWN IN THE BEACH,

  • GOT A GOOD, COLD BEER, AND THE SHRIMP'S ON THE BARBIE.

  • IT MUST BE "THE BEST OF DENMARK."

  • THANKS FOR JOINING US.

  • HE LIKES THAT.

  • DENMARK IS SMALL, FLAT, AND REALLY WELL-ORGANIZED.

  • WHILE THE CAPITAL CITY, COPENHAGEN,

  • IS A THRIVING METROPOLIS AND THE COUNTRY DOES HAVE

  • A VIGOROUS ECONOMY, GET OUT INTO THE COUNTRYSIDE,

  • AND WHAT THE TRAVELER FINDS IS CLOSER TO CUTE.

  • WE'LL IMAGINE SAILING WITH THE VIKINGS,

  • MARVEL AT THE ULTIMATE LEGO CREATIONS,

  • VISIT WITH ONE REALLY OLD BOG MAN

  • AND THEN ONE REALLY BIG BOY,

  • DROP IN ON A ROYAL PALACE,

  • PICNIC ON A DANISH BEACH,

  • AND EXPLORE A REMOTE ISLAND BY BIKE.

  • AND IT'S ALL LINKED BY AN AWE-INSPIRING NETWORK

  • OF ROADS AND BRIDGES.

  • IN THE NORTH OF EUROPE, DENMARK ANCHORS SCANDINAVIA

  • TO THE CONTINENT.

  • IT'S MADE MOSTLY OF JUTLAND, WHICH JUTS UP FROM GERMANY,

  • AND TWO MAJOR ISLANDS.

  • JUST OUTSIDE OF COPENHAGEN, WE'LL TOUR FREDERIKSBORG CASTLE.

  • THEN WE'LL VISIT ROSKILDE, ODENSE, ARHUS,

  • AND THE ISLE OF AERO.

  • WHILE JUST A SMALL COUNTRY TODAY OF ROUGHLY FIVE MILLION PEOPLE,

  • IN THE 16th CENTURY, THE DANISH EMPIRE INCLUDED

  • ALL OF SCANDINAVIA AND EVEN STRETCHED INTO GERMANY.

  • IT HAD A FEARSOME MILITARY AND DEMANDED RESPECT

  • FROM ITS NEIGHBORS.

  • AND, IN A SMALL TOWN NORTH OF COPENHAGEN,

  • AS IF FLOATING ON A LAKE,

  • IS A REMINDER OF ALL THAT POWER --

  • THE STUNNING FREDERIKSBORG CASTLE.

  • MANY CONSIDER THIS THE GRANDEST CASTLE

  • IN SCANDINAVIA, THE DANISH VERSAILLES.

  • BUILT IN THE EARLY 1600s, FREDERIKSBORG IS THE CASTLE

  • OF DENMARK'S GREATEST KING, CHRISTIAN IV.

  • THIS WAS ONE OF THE KING'S FAVORITE RESIDENCES,

  • WITH A SUITABLY REGAL ENTRY

  • RINGED BY A MOAT DESIGNED MORE FOR SWANS THAN DEFENSE.

  • THE KING IMPORTED DUTCH RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTS

  • TO CREATE HIS OWN

  • CHRISTIAN IV STYLE, WHICH, BY THE WAY,

  • YOU SEE IN FANCY BUILDINGS ALL OVER COPENHAGEN.

  • THE ROYAL APARTMENTS EXUDE ROYAL OPULENCE.

  • FOR OVER A CENTURY, THE PALACE HAS BEEN A MUSEUM

  • OFFERING A STROLL THROUGH THE STORY OF DENMARK

  • FROM 1500 UNTIL TODAY.

  • IT SERVES AS DENMARK'S NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY.

  • IN THE AUDIENCE ROOM, THE KING WOULD RECEIVE

  • IMPORTANT VISITORS.

  • PAINTINGS OF DENMARK'S MILITARY VICTORIES

  • OVER NEIGHBORING SWEDEN LINE THE WALLS,

  • REMINDING VISITING VIPs OF DENMARK'S POWER.

  • AND THE GREAT HALL WAS KNOWN AS

  • THE DANCING HALL IN CHRISTIAN IV's DAY.

  • WITH THE ORCHESTRA PLAYING FROM THEIR PERCH ABOVE,

  • THIS IS WHERE HE'D THROW HIS LAVISH PARTIES.

  • GAZING OUT THE WINDOWS, GUESTS WOULD MARVEL

  • AT THE KING'S BAROQUE GARDEN.

  • SCULPTED ROYAL GARDENS, LIKE THE PALACES,

  • WERE USED AS PROPAGANDA -- THE KING RULES EVERYTHING

  • IN HIS REALM, EVEN NATURE.

  • CHRISTIAN IV WANTED THE GRANDEST ROYAL CHAPEL IN EUROPE.

  • WHILE IT'S ALWAYS BEEN A LUTHERAN CHURCH,

  • HERE, THE UNCHARACTERISTICALLY ORNATE DECOR

  • CELEBRATES THE POWER OF THE EARTHLY KING.

  • THE SYMBOLISM PREACHES A ROYAL THEOLOGY --

  • GOD BLESSED THE DANES WITH A GREAT KING

  • WHO THEY SHOULD OBEY.

  • THIS FINE INLAID WOODWORK DATES FROM 1620.

  • TWO CENTURIES OF DANISH ROYALTY WERE CROWNED IN THIS CHURCH.

  • EMBLEMS CELEBRATE SUBJUGATED REALMS OF THE DANISH KING.

  • THIS ONE REPRESENTS NORWAY, WHICH WAS LONG A PART OF

  • THE DANISH EMPIRE.

  • IN KING CHRISTIAN'S DAY, EUROPE WAS EXTREMELY FRAGMENTED.

  • TODAY, EUROPE'S EVOLVING INTO A SINGLE FREE TRADE ZONE

  • OF OVER 400 MILLION PEOPLE, AND, LIKE THE UNITED STATES

  • INVESTED IN ITS INTERSTATE HIGHWAY SYSTEM

  • TO GREASE COMMERCE, EUROPE'S INVESTING IN

  • HUGE BRIDGES AND TUNNELS SO ITS CARS, TRUCKS,

  • AND BULLET TRAINS NO LONGER NEED TO LOAD ONTO FERRIES,

  • AS WAS THE TIME-CONSUMING NORM UNTIL JUST RECENTLY.

  • THE ORESUND BRIDGE CONNECTS DENMARK AND SWEDEN.

  • THIS TEN-MILE-LONG LINK SERVES BOTH TRAINS AND CARS.

  • IT CONSISTS OF A TUNNEL BENEATH THE SEA,

  • AN ARTIFICIAL ISLAND, AND A FIVE-MILE-LONG BRIDGE.

  • A HIGH-TECH CONTROL ROOM OVERSEES

  • THE FLOW OF TRAFFIC ACROSS A BORDER

  • TRAVELLERS HARDLY NOTICE.

  • BY MAKING THE SWEDISH CITY OF MALMO JUST A QUICK COMMUTE

  • FROM COPENHAGEN, THIS BRIDGE CREATED

  • EUROPE'S MOST DYNAMIC NEW METROPOLITAN AREA --

  • THE LARGEST IN ALL OF SCANDINAVIA.

  • WHILE THE BRIDGE LEADS TO SWEDEN, WE'VE PULLED A U-EY

  • AND ARE HEADING WEST TO ROSKILDE,

  • DENMARK'S HISTORIC CAPITAL.

  • DENMARK'S ROOTS, BOTH VIKING AND ROYAL,

  • ARE ON DISPLAY IN ROSKILDE.

  • 800 YEARS AGO, THIS WAS THE SEAT

  • OF DENMARK'S ROYALTY,

  • ITS CENTER OF POWER.

  • TODAY, AFTER FIRES AND RECENT DEVELOPMENT,

  • THE TOWN'S MOSTLY MODERN.

  • THE PLACE THAT INTRODUCED CHRISTIANITY

  • TO DENMARK BACK IN 980

  • IS MOST FAMOUS TODAY FOR HOSTING NORTHERN EUROPE'S

  • BIGGEST ROCK FESTIVAL EACH JULY.

  • ROSKILDE'S CENTERPIECE IS ITS IMPOSING

  • 12th-CENTURY CATHEDRAL.

  • IT'S A STATELY OLD CHURCH WITH FINE WOOD CARVINGS

  • AND A GREAT 16th CENTURY ORGAN.

  • SOME PAINTINGS SURVIVE FROM BEFORE THE REFORMATION.

  • THE CATHEDRAL IS THE RESTING PLACE

  • OF 39 DANISH KINGS AND QUEENS.

  • SIDE CHAPELS ARE FILLED WITH ORNATE ROYAL TOMBS.

  • AFTER THE REFORMATION GUTTED THE CHURCH OF

  • ITS SAINTS AND MARYS, MORE SPACE AROUND THE HIGH ALTAR

  • WAS FREED UP FOR MORE ROYAL TOMBS.

  • THESE DATE FROM THE 16th CENTURY.

  • THE OLDEST TOMB, FROM 1397, IS QUEEN MARGRETHE I.

  • THROUGH STRONG LEADERSHIP AND CLEVER NEGOTIATING,

  • SHE UNITED THE THREE NORDIC KINGDOMS.

  • FOR 500 YEARS, ST. GEORGE HAS MARKED THE HOUR

  • BY KILLING THE DRAGON,

  • REMINDING THE PEOPLE HOW THE CHURCH

  • IS THEIR BASTION AGAINST THE EVIL OF THE WORLD.

  • [ BELL RINGS ]

  • A SHORT WALK TAKES US TO ROSKILDE'S WATERFRONT.

  • THE WORD VIK MEANS "SHALLOW INLET,"

  • SO VIKINGS ARE THE PEOPLE WHO LIVED ALONG THOSE INLETS.

  • ROSKILDE, STRATEGICALLY LOCATED ALONG ONE SUCH INLET,

  • IS HOME TO DENMARK'S VIKING SHIP MUSEUM.

  • THIS MUSEUM IS A HANDS-ON CENTER FOR PEOPLE WHO WANT

  • TO EXPERIENCE DENMARK'S SEAFARING HERITAGE.

  • TRADITIONAL BOAT-BUILDING TECHNIQUES ARE DEMONSTRATED

  • AND THE MUSEUM'S ARCHEOLOGICAL WORKSHOP

  • EMPLOYS THE LATEST TECHNOLOGY IN CONSERVING

  • AND BETTER UNDERSTANDING REMNANTS THAT SURVIVED

  • FROM THOSE FABLED 10th-CENTURY MASTERS OF THE SEA.

  • THE MAIN HALL DISPLAYS FIVE DIFFERENT VIKING SHIPS.

  • THESE SHIPS WERE DELIBERATELY SUNK

  • 1,000 YEARS AGO TO BLOCK THE HARBOR ENTRANCE

  • TO THE STRATEGIC AND RICH CITY OF ROSKILDE.

  • IN 1962, THEY WERE RAISED FROM THEIR SALTY GRAVE.

  • THIS WAS A 10th-CENTURY OCEAN-GOING FREIGHTER.

  • A SHIP LIKE THIS LIKELY CARRIED VIKING IMMIGRANTS

  • WITH THEIR FAMILIES AND THE ENTIRE FARM

  • TO ICELAND, AND, LATER ON, TO THE NEW WORLD.

  • LEIF ERIKSON MADE IT ALL THE WAY TO AMERICA

  • 1,000 YEARS AGO IN A LITTLE SHIP LIKE THIS.

  • WARSHIPS WERE SKINNIER AND FASTER.

  • THIS ONE WAS POWERED BY 26 OARSMEN.

  • FEARSOME BOATS LIKE THIS TERRORIZED MUCH OF EUROPE

  • BACK WHEN PEOPLE DREADED THOSE RAMPAGING NORSEMEN.

  • AND, LIKE SO MANY SITES IN DENMARK,

  • THERE'S FUN FOR THE KIDS.

  • THIS HANDS-ON CORNER BRINGS OUT THE VIKING

  • IN YOUNG DANES.

  • HEADING FURTHER WEST,

  • WE CROSS ANOTHER SPECTACULAR BRIDGE,

  • BENEFITING, AGAIN, FROM DENMARK'S INVESTMENT

  • IN A SERIES OF BRIDGES AND HIGHWAYS

  • THAT LACES THIS NATIONS'S ISLANDS TOGETHER.

  • SOMEHOW, DENMARK, WITH LIMITED NATURAL RESOURCES

  • AND A SMALL POPULATION BASE,

  • HAS ARRANGED ITS PRIORITIES AND FOUND THE FUNDS

  • TO BUILD ITS IMPRESSIVE INFRASTRUCTURE.

  • ODENSE, DENMARK'S THIRD-LARGEST CITY

  • WITH NEARLY 200,000 PEOPLE, IS BIG AND INDUSTRIAL.

  • THE CITY, LIKE ALMOST EVERY TOWN IN DENMARK,

  • HAS A TRAFFIC-FREE SHOPPING STREET

  • THAT GIVES IT A STROLLING CHARM.

  • WHILE ODENSE'S RELATIVELY NONDESCRIPT,

  • THE REASON TOURISTS STOP IN IS TO VISIT

  • THE HOME OF ITS FAMOUS SON, HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN.

  • TODAY, HIS HUMBLE BIRTH HOUSE STANDS ON A COBBLED LANE.

  • IT'S LITERALLY THE CORNER OF A MUSEUM

  • PACKED WITH MEMENTOS FROM THE WRITER'S LIFE.

  • THE EXHIBIT ENTERTAINS AND INSPIRES

  • A STEADY STREAM OF CHILDREN AND TOURISTS.

  • YOU'LL SEE A DISPLAY ON THE AGE IN WHICH ANDERSEN LIVED,

  • 1805 TO 1875,

  • AND LETTERS FROM HIS LIFE AND TIMES.

  • A LIBRARY SHOWS ANDERSEN'S BOOKS

  • FROM ALL AROUND THE WORLD.

  • HIS TALES WERE TRANSLATED INTO NEARLY 150 LANGUAGES.

  • AND HEADSETS PLAY A SELECTION OF FAIRY TALES.

  • SKETCHES FROM HIS EXTENSIVE TRAVELS

  • WERE SOUVENIRS OF EXPERIENCES AND ADVENTURES

  • THAT WOULD EVENTUALLY HELP INSPIRE

  • HIS FAMOUS TALES.

  • CHILDREN LOVED THE WAY HE'D FASHION A PAPER CUTOUT

  • AS HE TOLD A STORY, REVEALING HIS CREATION

  • WITH THE FINALE OF HIS TALE.

  • YOUNG ANDERSEN FANS GATHER DAILY THROUGH THE SUMMER

  • IN THE MUSEUM GARDEN'S FAIRY TALE THEATER.

  • WIDE-EYED AND ENTHRALLED, THEY'RE ENTERTAINED BY

  • OLD H.C. HIMSELF...

  • [ CHICKENS CLUCKING ]

  • AND A CAST OF CHARACTERS

  • RIGHT OUT OF HIS FAVORITE FAIRY TALES.

  • IT ALL CULMINATES,

  • HOPEFULLY, IN A HAPPY ENDING.

  • [ SINGING IN DANISH ]

  • ♪♪

  • [ APPLAUSE ]

  • JUTLAND, THAT PART OF DENMARK THAT JUTS UP FROM GERMANY,

  • IS A GENTLE LAND OF ROLLING HILLS,

  • THATCHED VILLAGES, AND BUCOLIC FARMS.

  • THIS IS ALSO THE LAND OF LEGO.

  • LEGOLAND IS SCANDINAVIA'S TOP KIDS' SITE.

  • IF YOU HAVE A CHILD OR STILL ARE ONE AT HEART,

  • IT'S A FUN STOP.

  • THIS HUGE PARK IS A FANCIFUL WORLD

  • CREATED WITH THE HELP OF 58 MILLION LEGO BRICKS.

  • [ WHISTLE BLOWS ]

  • THEY SAY IF YOU STRETCHED ALL THESE LEGO BLOCKS OUT,

  • THEY'D REACH FROM HERE ALL THE WAY TO ITALY.

  • IN THE DYNAMIC MINI WORLD,

  • CHILDREN GET THEIR FIRST GRAND TOUR,

  • CHECKING OUT FAMOUS SCANDINAVIAN CITYSCAPES

  • BEFORE TRAVELING FURTHER AFIELD THROUGH EUROPE

  • AND ON TO AMERICA.

  • FOR ME, THE HIGHLIGHT IS SIMPLY TO SEE

  • DANES AT PLAY IN THEIR RESERVED YET FUN-LOVING WAY.

  • EACH YEAR, LEGOLAND OPENS UP NEW RIDES AND PLAY ZONES

  • AND MORE DANISH FAMILIES MAKE THIS

  • A FUN DAY OUT.

  • NEARBY IS ARHUS.

  • DENMARK'S SECOND-LARGEST CITY, WITH A POPULATION OF 400,000,

  • IS JUTLAND'S CAPITAL AND CULTURAL HUB.

  • ITS VIKING FOUNDERS SETTLED HERE IN THE LATE 700s

  • WHERE THE RIVER HITS THE SEA.

  • TODAY, ARHUS BUSTLES WITH A LIVELY PORT,

  • AN IMPORTANT UNIVERSITY, BUSY PEDESTRIAN BOULEVARD,

  • AND AN OLD QUARTER FILLED WITH PEOPLE LIVING VERY WELL.

  • ARHUS UNCOVERED ITS RIVER,

  • WHICH UNTIL JUST A FEW YEARS AGO HAD BEEN PAVED OVER

  • AND BUSY WITH CARS.

  • TODAY, THIS SCENE

  • IS A CLASSIC EXAMPLE OF HOW TOWNS ALL OVER EUROPE

  • ARE RESPECTING BOTH THEIR HERITAGE

  • AND THEIR PEOPLE'S NEEDS.

  • THE RIVER'S LINED WITH TRENDY EATERIES,

  • AND IT'S A HIT WITH LOCALS AND VISITORS BOTH YOUNG AND OLD.

  • ANOTHER NEW DIMENSION TO THE TOWN IS ITS

  • STRIKING MODERN ART GALLERY, THE ARoS MUSEUM.

  • THE BUILDING ITSELF CREATES A STIMULATING ENVIRONMENT.

  • GALLERIES ARE A WELL-DESCRIBED

  • DELIGHT TO EXPLORE AND THOUGHT-PROVOKING.

  • THIS CIRCA-1970 WALL OF JARS CONTAINS A SLAUGHTERED HORSE.

  • IT'S CALLED "THE SACRIFICE."

  • WHEN PEOPLE WERE APPALLED AT THE NEEDLESS KILLING,