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  • Israel and Palestine are currently on the brink of all out war, a level of fighting

  • that hasn't been seen since 2012. Yes. That was two years ago. Less than 24 months. In

  • light of the frequency of incidents, it may be good to focus on the conflict as a whole,

  • instead of the recent activities. So let's go back. How did this all start?

  • Prior to World War I, that area was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. They were technically

  • Arabs, but most people living under their rule considered them to be conquering Turks.

  • As such, various groups that wanted Arab and Israeli independence started to emerge. These

  • groups weren't fighting against each other, they had a common enemy: The Turks. As a result

  • they co-existed somewhat peacefully.

  • Then in World War I, Britain encouraged Arabs to organize and revolt against the Ottomans,

  • promising them the right to set up an Arab State after the war. The Arab world complied

  • and started Revolting against the Ottomans in 1916.

  • Around the same time, the British Foreign secretary Arthur James Balfour, gave official

  • support to Britain's Jewish community to establish a "national home" for Jews in Palestine.

  • And that's where it all began. Both sides thought they had right to establish a nation

  • in the region, so they spent the next 30 years establishing the groundwork for those nations.

  • Arab groups did that, by fighting against the Turks and organizing themselves into somewhat

  • cohesive national identities; Iran, Iraq, Palestine, etc.. The Jews did it, by migrating

  • en masse to the area and setting up their own economy and system for self-governance.

  • Their migration was spurred on by hundreds of years of Jewish persecution in Europe,

  • two world wars, and the Holocaust. So Israel was established, in large part, as a safe

  • haven for Jewish Refugees.

  • During this migration period, there were conflicts over land and territory between Jews and Palestinians,

  • but compared to today it was relatively calm.

  • Then in 1947, Britain and the UN finally got around to keeping their word and allowing

  • the Palestinians and Jews to establish their own nations. They broke the area up with borders

  • that looked like this. Israel is in the Green. Palestine is in the Orange.

  • The problem was, a lot of Palestinians lived in the area now controlled by Israel and some

  • Israelis lived in the area now controlled by Palestine.

  • The Arab World thought that Israel was infringing on the state they were promised after the

  • war, and Israel was already starting to disenfranchise Palestinians stuck inside their borders.

  • In 1948, fighting broke out between Palestinians and Israelis, causing the surrounding Arab

  • nations to attack Israel in an attempt to eliminate it all together.

  • Israel won. During the conflict, over 700,000 Palestinians left the area or were displaced.

  • And Israel had expanded their nation to control what is now about 78% of historic Palestine.

  • Palestinians also claim that after the war, Israel wouldn't let them return home, forcing

  • most of them to live in The West Bank and The Gaza Strip. Both areas now function as

  • a home for Palestinian refugees.

  • In the years that followed, Israel established walls to separate the Palestinian areas out,

  • and they also enacted laws to further establish their Jewish State; laws that, by nature,

  • offered fewer rights to non-Jews. They also established a strong active military.

  • There are way too many incidents and militarily conflicts that took place after that to recount

  • here but the basic story for each conflict is generally this.

  • Militant Palestinian groups or other Arab nations use force in an attempt to either

  • reclaim land, protest the conditions of Palestinians under Israeli rule, or eliminate the entire

  • nation of Israel. Israel responds by winning militarily, displacing more Palestinians and

  • expanding their own territory. Sandwiched somewhere in there, are continual failing

  • peace talks, and an ongoing debate about US aide to Israel. Obviously this is a huge issue

  • and we can't cover everything, but we did include links to more info in the description.

  • If you found this video informative, please subscribe - and remember we have new videos

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Israel and Palestine are currently on the brink of all out war, a level of fighting


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B1 中級

なぜイスラエルとパレスチナは争っているのか? (Why Are Israel and Palestine Fighting?)

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    羅紹桀 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日