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• From the Black Death of Europe to earthquakes extending hundreds of miles under some unlucky
country, we count 15 devastating, death-filled disasters that Earth has ever unleashed
15 - Bangladesh cyclone • This is among the deadliest cyclones on
record, one that occurred on the 29th of April, 1991, at the Chittagong district of Bangladesh
• It was a storm that forced a 6 metre storm surge over the inland, carving a path through
the land and everyone who lived there for 7 entire days
• Most deaths were caused by drowning, mostly infants and elderly - the total body count
exceeding 180,000 people, and an estimated damage cost of 1.5 billion dollars
14 - Black Plague • Also known as the bubonic plague or "Black
Death", this biological epidemic struck between the years 1347 and 1350, wiping out a third
of the entire population of Europe • It's believed today that the plague itself
came from a disease born from bacteria in rats, ones with poor hygiene or tag-along
fleas • Not only did it wipe out a good chunk
of Europe, it also found its way to Asia and North Africa, killing all in its wake
13 - Great Kanto earthquake • This one struck the Japanese main island
of Honshu on September 1, 1923, and it lasted just over four minutes
• It had a magnitude of 7.9, and at the time it was the most powerful earthquake ever
to hit Japan, devastating Tokyo, Yokohama, and a good deal of other places in the Kanto
region • The total deaths were over 140,000, the
most ever seen dead in prewar Japan, and back then there was even talk to move the capital
city elsewhere 12 - Haiti earthquake
• A magnitude 7 earthquake that struck very close to Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince on
the 12th of January, 2010 • Over 160,000 people died, with poor low-quality
housing conditions to blame for quite a few unnecessary deaths
• Relief came from many, many countries with rescue and medical teams, engineer and
support personnel, but an excess of dead bodies with nowhere to bury them and mass looting
both became a huge problem 11 - Typhoon Nina
• One of the more deadly tropical cyclones, short-lived but intense landing in mainland
China and Taiwan • Luckily, much of the typhoon lost its
strength over Taiwan's central mountain range, but then it hit several dams and collapsed
them, destroying parts of the Henan Province city with floods
• Approximately 229,000 people died from both the typhoon and accidental floods
10 - Indian Ocean tsunami • A lot of us should remember this one from
2004, a deadly earthquake and tsunami that hit over fourteen countries with no warning
• It was around magnitude 9.2 and caused waves to hit the mainland exceeding 30 metres
in height with Indonesia as the hardest-hit country, followed by Sri Lanka, India and
Thailand • It killed more than 230,000 people and
prompted a worldwide humanitarian response with 14 billion dollars in aid to the homeless
and injured 9 - Antioch earthquake
• This one took place a long time ago, 115 AD, with an estimated magnitude of 7.5
• It totalled the area around Antioch with a large loss of life and land, which then
triggered a tsunami which badly damaged their local harbour
• It almost took the life of Roman Emperor Trajan along with his successor Harian, but
both made it out with only slight injuries and instead returned to rebuild their city
8 - Antioch earthquake #2 • A follow-up to the previous set 400 years
later, hitting Syria and the Byzantine Empire in late May, year 526
• Immediately after the earthquake, fires tore through buildings and homes left standing
with wind worsening the blaze • The death toll exceeded 250,000 with many
aftershocks for the following 18 months 7 - North Korea famine and floods
• 3 years of political turmoil and natural disasters just before the year 2000
• With industrial decline came a lack of food production, and with floods destroying
almost half of farm-land, most succumbed to immediate starvation in rural areas
• By the end of this grisly period, over 3 million North Korean citizens had died
6 - Haiyuan earthquake • A big one that hit smack bang in the centre
of a province of China on December 16th, 1920, reportedly around 8 on the Richter scale
• 73,000 people died in Haiyuan County with landslides burying villages and houses collapsing
in major cities across 7 different regions • Total casualties exceeded 200,000, but
may have hit 235,000 according to the International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering
5 - Calcutta cyclone • This one happened on October 7th, 1737
in the Indian city of Calcutta, today known as Kolkata
• For a long time we believed this one had been caused by earthquakes, but we're now
more positive that it was a tropical cyclone based on official reports from the era, describing
storms and flood destroying thatched houses and wasting locals in their thousands
• At the time, the population of Calcutta barely exceeded 20,000 so the official death
toll of 300,000 for this natural disaster is generally thought to include the similar
1737 super cyclone in the West Bengal region 4 - Indian Famine
• The mid 1700s in India, a famine that gripped one third of the population of India
• It was due to a shortfall of crops in the aftermath of a severe drought, which transformed
open fields back into wide jungle, further pushing the food shortage
• Over ten million people died because of this, and it lasted just under five years
before any recovery could be made 3 - Shaanxi earthquake
• One of the deadliest earthquakes in history, a magnitude 8 that killed almost a million
people • It happened on the morning of January
23rd, 1556, China, the Ming Dynasty with over 90 countries getting affected
• It opened with an 840 kilometre-wide area obliterated in seconds, with countries losing
as much as 60 percent of their population, mainly due to them living in artificial caves
under cliffs, most of which collapsed on their heads
2 - Yellow River Flood • Known as the second most lethal flood
in the history of Earth, a river prone to flooding due to its elevated nature in China
- farmers attempted to build dikes to contain the rising water
• On September 1887, the dikes exploded, drowning hundreds of thousands of people and
clearing away tens of thousands of miles of land
• The following pandemic and lack of basic essentials for the human beings left over
led to even more deaths, with a total number a bit over 900,000 people
1 - China floods • Not 50 years later, the worst floods in
history hit Central China for about 5 months or so
• There's not much to say about this one, except that about 4 million people died, and
those left over got so desperate they had to resort to selling wives and daughters,
or turn to cannibalism to survive
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15 Most Destructive Natural Disasters in History

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TeacherJennifer Bryne 2015 年 5 月 12 日 に公開
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