Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • Hi, again. I'm Adam. Welcome to Today's lesson is very common I think -

    また会ったわねアダムです。 へようこそ。今日のレッスンは、私は非常に一般的だと思います - 。

  • a very popular question. I get asked this all the time by students who are learning English:


  • when to use "-er", when to use "more" when we are comparing things, for example with


  • adjectives. When do I say "better", for example, or "happier" or "more expensive"? How do you


  • know which one to use? Okay? So it's very, very simple, okay? We're going to look at

    どっちを使うか知ってる?いいですか?とても簡単なことだ いいか?私たちは見るつもりです

  • syllables. To use "-er", we use -- sorry. We use "-er"

    音節を使って"er "を使うには -- sorryを使います。私たちは "-er" を使います

  • with words that have one or two syllables. We use "more" with words that have two or

    1音節か2音節の単語を使っています。2つまたは2つの音節を持つ単語で "more "を使います。

  • more syllables. Now, before I explain that, what are syllables?


  • "Syllables" are vowel sounds in a word, okay? They're not the number of vowels; they're

    "シラブル "とは単語の中の母音のことです。これは母音の数じゃなくて

  • the number of vowel sounds. But first, what is a "vowel"?


  • Just in case you're not familiar: A, E, I, O, U; these are the vowels in English. Consonants

    念のために言っておきますがA, E, I, O, U; これらは英語の母音です。子音

  • are B, C, D, F, G, and so on. Keep in mind "Y" is a consonant even though it sounds often

    はB、C、D、F、Gなどです。Y "は子音であることを覚えておきましょう。

  • like a vowel. Okay, so back to syllables. So these are the


  • vowel sounds. So for example, the word "cat". How many vowel sounds are in the word "cat"?

    母音の音をだから例えば「猫」という言葉。"cat "という単語には母音が何個あるでしょうか?

  • One: "ah" -- "cat". Keep in mind -- here's another one-syllable word: "leak". Two vowels,

    一つ:「あー」--「猫」。覚えておいてください -- ここにもう一つの片音節の単語があります: "leak"。母音が二つ。

  • one vowel sound, "leak", "eeee", okay? Can you think of a two-syllable word? How


  • do you feel right now? I bet you feel "happy". I'm sure you feel happy because you're watching


  •, right? "Happy". The two vowel sounds: "ha", "py" -- sorry. My mistake. "Hap",、ですよね。"ハッピー "だよね。つの母音。"は "と "ぴー" -- すみません。間違えました。"ハップ"

  • "py", "ah", "eeee", okay? How about a three-vowel sound word? How about

    "py" "ah" "eee" いいですか?3つの母音の単語はどうですか?どうですか?

  • three syllables? "Beautiful". Sorry. I'm not having the best day spelling today. "Beau",


  • "ti", "ful". Three syllables. How about four? "Ex", "cep", "tio", "nal"

    "ティ" "フル"3つの音節。4つはどうだ?"Ex", "cep", "tio", "nal"

  • -- "exceptional". Great. Very good. Okay. One more -- five. Very common word: "International".

    -- "例外的 "だ素晴らしい。とても良いこれでいいわもう1つ...5つ非常に一般的な言葉は "国際的 "だ

  • Can you divide them up into the syllables? Try it. "In", "ter", "na", "tio", "nal" -- "international",

    音節に分けられる?やってみて"In", "ter", "na", "tio", "nal" -- "international"

  • five syllables. So now, here we go back. We see one or two


  • syllables or two or more syllables. So now, you're thinking, "Okay, well if I have a two-syllable


  • word, I still don't know which one to use, right?" Well, here is the answer. One or two


  • syllables: If the word ends in "Y" -- I'll put it here. Sorry about the mess. If the


  • word ends in "Y", use "-er". So "happy" -- if you want to compare two things; who's happier?

    語尾が "Y "の場合は"-er "を使います。だから「幸せ」 -- 二つのものを比較したい場合、どっちが幸せですか?

  • Me or my friend? Then you drop the "Y"; then you put "ier". "Happier". Okay?

    私か友人か?それから "Y "を外して "IER "をつける"Happier"いいですか?

  • If the word -- the two-syllable word -- ends in a consonant, okay, then you use "more".

    もしその単語が子音で終わっている場合は、"more "を使います。

  • Okay? So "gentle" is technically a two-syllable word, but it ends in a vowel, so "gentler".

    いいですか?"ジェントル "は二音節の単語だけど 母音で終わるから "ジェントラー "だよ

  • I'll think of an example of a consonant-ending word.


  • Now, there are, of course, exceptions. "Good" does not take "-er" or "more". "Good" becomes

    さて、もちろん例外もあります。"Good "は"-er "や "more "を取りません。"Good" は次のようになります。

  • "better". "Bad" becomes "worse". "Far" becomes "farther". I'll write this one down. "Far"

    "悪い "は "悪い "になる"悪い "は "悪い "になる"遠く "は "遠く "になるこれをメモしておきます"遠い"

  • becomes "farther", so you have the extra addition here. "Much" becomes "more". "Little" becomes

    は "farther "になりますので、ここで追加します。"Much" は "more" になります。"Little" は "Little" になります。

  • "less", okay? Now -- oh, I put it twice. Sorry. Now, "fun" is a one-syllable word, but you

    "少ない" いいか?今...あ、二回も書いてしまった。ごめんね"楽しい "は一音節の単語だが

  • will never hear anybody say "funner". Why? Because it sounds like "funnier". So this

    "ファンナー "という言葉を 聞くことはありませんなぜですか?"funnier "と聞こえるからですということで、これは

  • is an exception. We usually say "more fun". Now here's an example of a two-syllable word


  • that ends in a consonant, so you think "cleverer". Now, some people will say "cleverer", but

    子音で終わるので "cleverer "と思うのですねさて、「より賢い」と言う人もいるでしょうが

  • because of the "r-r" ending, it's a little bit hard to say, so many people will say "more


  • clever". "He is more clever than she is", okay? For example. I still can't think of

    "賢い"彼は彼女よりも賢い" いいですか?例えば未だに思いつかないのは

  • a word that ends in a consonant. "Feather". No. That's not -- it's a noun; I can't use

    子音で終わる言葉"「フェザー」いや それは・・・名詞だから 使えないよ

  • that. Okay. It'll come to me. I'll put it on the comments on

    そのことだわかったわ、私のところに来るわ。 のコメントに載せておきます。

  • And if you want to practice more of these, go to There's a quiz there,


  • and you can practice these and come back, and we'll do some more lessons. So don't forget

    これらを練習して戻ってきてくれれば もっとレッスンをすることができますだから忘れないでね

  • to check out my YouTube page and subscribe. See you then.


Hi, again. I'm Adam. Welcome to Today's lesson is very common I think -

また会ったわねアダムです。 へようこそ。今日のレッスンは、私は非常に一般的だと思います - 。


動画の操作 ここで「動画」の調整と「字幕」の表示を設定することができます

B1 中級 日本語 音節 母音 単語 子音 engvid 幸せ

英文法 - 比較: funner & faster or more fun & more fast?

  • 11885 1611
    cindy に公開 2015 年 06 月 23 日