Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • Today we want to think a little bit about Bowen Family Systems, and were going to

  • be talking about family therapy. Murray Bowen was a psychiatrist and a professor at Georgetown

  • University from the mid- to late-1800’s. And he was a pioneer in family psychiatry.

  • Among his theories he developed in this Bowen Family Systems, when he talked about the family

  • being an integrated unit both emotionally and intellectually and integrating on several

  • different levels. Some of this most important characteristics from this family theory include

  • ideas such as triangles. Under this idea, he said that in most relationships youll

  • have two people coming together in a relationship, perhaps a mother and a father. If there is

  • conflict or stress between the mother and father in that relationship, they will move

  • incorporate a third member to deal with the stress. So to give you a couple of examples,

  • you might have a situation where a mother and father are experiencing stress in their

  • relationship, the mother may move to the newborn baby, and that will form a new relationship

  • that is stress free, so the mother will pour all of her attention and time into the child

  • while ignoring the father, the source of the stress or the tension. And a new unit is formed.

  • Now there is a triangle there because the mother and the father and the child are all

  • there together, but the mother moves towards the less stressful situation with the child

  • and away from the conflict and stress of the relationship with the father. Likewise, it’s

  • not always a person involved in these triangles, sometimes it’s an entity. So you might have

  • the same situation of a mother and father in conflict, and in this case the husband

  • will gravitate towards work, and he will stay at work, and the work will become the third

  • side of this triangle, because he finds work enjoyable, less stressful, whereas his relationship

  • with his wife is full of conflict and stress and so he will move closer to work while staying

  • away from home to avoid that stress. Often well find these triangles are moving fluidly

  • as new dimensions of relationships open up and that which was close turns into conflict

  • and stress and in that case they may turn back to the one that was originally pushed

  • to the outside for help, so if the relationship with the child becomes difficult, the mother

  • may turn to the father and try to bring him in to help deal with that stressful situation.

  • So you have these ideas of fluid triangles, that when there’s conflict and stress in

  • a family between two they will always incorporate either a third person or entity to avoid the

  • stressful situation and find comfort in something that is easier. Another important concept

  • in his system of family psychiatry and trying to bring harmony to families is this idea

  • of differentiation of self. And this was actually the aim and the goal of all of his work was

  • to try to get people to be more independent in their thoughts and in there emotion. If

  • there was very little differentiation between members of a family and the way they thought

  • and felt, there was a great deal of uniformity, he felt that was not healthy. They were basically

  • working please one another and to maintain the same thoughts and the same emotions at

  • all times and at all costs. And he wanted to move people towards having a healthy sense

  • of self, thinking their own thoughts, feeling their own emotions, and realize that this

  • was not the ultimate goal in complete differentiation of self, so that there would be no relationship

  • in the family, but that there would be a healthy form of differentiation of self so that I

  • would be my own person, I wouldn’t worry so much about what other people thought and

  • then I could move towards other family members in a normal, healthy relationship instead

  • of a dependent one in which I was constantly concerned about what others thought about

  • me and what I thought about them and pushing for this uniformity and conformity of thought

  • and emotion. And then finally when this was not going well, the differentiation of self,

  • another concept he incorporated was emotional cutoff. And in this case what you would have

  • is a situation where someone was uncomfortable, was not able to differentiate themselves,

  • have their own thoughts, their own emotions, they entered a very stressful phase in the

  • relationship, and what they do then to deal with it is not deal with it. They cut off

  • their emotions, they stop talking about it, they divert conversations away from that which

  • is uncomfortable. They never bring it up and deal with it. It gets buried and pushed aside.

  • Everyone knows it’s there but no one wants to deal with it. And he hoped that by working

  • with families that as they could increase this then this would diminish and could be

  • worked on and sometimes he used these triangles, move towards a family member perhaps that

  • has a stronger differentiation of self that’s easier to deal with, and then the two of you

  • can then turn and help deal with this instead of just cutting off your emotions and refusing

  • to deal with it, you can then go to the family and begin to talk in a healthy, rational way

  • about the problems and find resolution to them. As I said he was a pioneer in many ways

  • in this field, and had very good insights, among these being triangles, differentiation

  • of self, and emotional cutoff.

Today we want to think a little bit about Bowen Family Systems, and were going to


ワンタップで英和辞典検索 単語をクリックすると、意味が表示されます

A2 初級

ボーエンファミリーシステム (Bowen Family Systems)

  • 110 10
    Yuting Lin に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日