字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント [music] [John Covach] It's been 45 years since Led Zeppelin released the first two albums Led Zeppelin I was released in the first half of 1969 Led Zeppelin II was released in the second half of '69. In many ways Led Zeppelin's music is defined historically by the fourth album from 1971 because it has "Stairway to Heaven" on it. "Stairway to Heaven" is one of those songs that people have said is probably playing on the radio every second of every day and has been since it was released. A real iconic song in the rock repertory. And while Led Zeppelin very much defined the 1970s in rock-and-roll the roots of the group's sound and many of the important influence can really be found in the second half of the 1960s. [music: "A Whole Lotta Love"] So the first two albums really do show a lot of the range of what Led Zeppelin was. They are essentially a group that came out of the British blues rock tradition having come out of the Yardbirds, and so there are hardly are any songs really on the first four Led Zeppelin albums that cannot be attributed in the one way shape or form to a previous blues number. [music: guitar solo] When we think about that second Led Zeppelin album coming out at the second half of nineteen sixty-nine it made it number one in the American charts, but people don't realize that the album that it was fighting with for the number one slot was Abbey Road. Some would think of as The Beatles sort of finest achievement recording wise, and Led Zeppelin which was really a fantastic record coming from an entirely different kind of blues influence kind of place. We don't typically think of Led Zeppelin as really duking it out with The Beatles, but in fact that really was the case in the second half of 1969. [music: baseline from beginning of "How Many More TImes] It's especially in the live shows that you really get a sense of who Led Zeppelin were as musicians. In fact, the studio recordings only capture a kind of boiled down version of what Led Zeppelin music was. They would do shows that lasted four hours, in which songs would be stretched out with long jams and bringing in other kind of material. And so Led Zeppelin live was really an almost kind of Grateful Dead kind of experience. [music: first notes of "Heartbreaker"] Many rock historians think of Led Zeppelin as being one of the proto heavy metal groups. In other words, something like "Whole Lotta Love" or "Heartbreaker" really kind of define what heavy metal is going to become into the 1970s and especially into the '80s when really divides itself out from the rest of the rock mainstream. And I think that's probably right but it's also important to to think about the fact that when that Led Zeppelin first came out in '69 with those first two records most critics didn't think they were very good at all. It's amazing to read those reviews of those first records and to think that these critics that this music was terrible and it would never survive and it turned out to be some of the most iconic records in the history of rock music.