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  • We talk about inventions and innovation as though the best things out there are the Internet, iPads, or smart phones.

  • Or perhaps more simply,

  • trains, planes, and automobiles.

  • Which one is most important,

  • the best, or the greatest?

  • Which one has had the most impact on society?

  • Today the debate would probably be

  • in favor of computer technology,

  • but is it?

  • Well, some would say, "Nope, not really, it's farming."

  • Where would we be if we didn't have it?

  • Give up?

  • We would still be hunting and gathering

  • with little time to invent anything,

  • let alone the Internet.

  • That's right, farming is the seed of civilization.

  • Not quite literally, but without early man's discovery

  • of using seeds to grow grain,

  • we wouldn't have much of anything we have today.

  • Growing your own food changed everything.

  • Sure, hunting and gathering worked just fine

  • for tens of thousands of years,

  • but you couldn't do much else -

  • no time.

  • But when hunters and gatherers started planting seeds,

  • they began to farm.

  • With farming came animals,

  • and with animals came settling down

  • and staying in one location.

  • So, how does this have anything to do

  • with invention and innovation?

  • Everything.

  • Anyone who's ever farmed,

  • even if it's planting a half dozen tomato plants in your backyard,

  • knows that you usually harvest way more

  • than you could possibly eat,

  • a surplus.

  • Farming yielded plenty of food,

  • with enough to store, trade, and eat.

  • In other words, not everyone needed to be farmers.

  • Therefore, this allowed other people,

  • non-farmers, to do other things

  • such as make tools,

  • craft pottery,

  • and build homes.

  • Farming and food surpluses led to the division of labor.

  • This is still thousands of years ago,

  • so life wasn't easy.

  • But with so many people contributing to the community,

  • small villages began to develop.

  • As the population of villages expanded,

  • so did the needs of the people.

  • Things got complicated.

  • But, civilization is just that - advanced, complex societies.

  • And without farming, they would not exist.

  • Villages increased in size,

  • eventually becoming the first cities.

  • Cities are just one of the basic features of a civilization,

  • the others include central government,

  • system of writing,

  • organized religion,

  • art and architecture,

  • urban planning of roads, bridges, and public works,

  • social classes,

  • and different jobs.

  • Developing expertise in various types of occupations

  • allowed for innovative ways of doing things,

  • producing new products,

  • or making advancements in technology.

  • As civilizations became more complex,

  • new ways of doing things were needed.

  • Some were out of necessity.

  • Others because people had ideas.

  • The sharing of ideas and technology

  • led to the growth of things we readily use today,

  • like the Internet.

  • So without farming, we'd still be hunting and gathering.

  • No video,

  • no computers,

  • and certainly no world wide web.

We talk about inventions and innovation as though the best things out there are the Internet, iPads, or smart phones.


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B1 中級

TED-ED】農業はいかにしてインターネットのために種を蒔いたか - パトリシア・ルサック (【TED-Ed】How farming planted seeds for the Internet - Patricia Russac)

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    稲葉白兎 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日