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  • Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on expressions with "run".

  • Today, we're going to look at five expressions that use the word "RUN" and

  • look at the meaning of the expressions as well as some sentences that use them.

  • So we're going to look at the meanings and some context for each one. A lot of these are phrasal verbs,

  • so let's have a look, and we'll start with the first one, which is "run into".

  • So the sentence says, "I ran into my cousin on the bus." Now, again, you can "run into"

  • someone or something. But specifically, when you "run into someone", this means that you

  • meet them by accident. Okay? So to "run into" is to meet by accident. Now, what I mean when

  • I say "by accident" is you were not expecting to see this person. So if you run into a person

  • on the bus, it's like, "Oh, hey! I didn't expect to see you here." You can run into

  • people everywhere. We do this all the time in our lives. If you are shopping at the grocery

  • store, maybe you run into your sister, your brother, your mother, a friend, a classmate.

  • So think of places that you can meet people unexpectedly, by accident. You can run into

  • people on the metro, the subway, the train, the bus -- anywhere in public. And you can

  • -- again, you can use this in the past tense, in the present tense, in the future. The future

  • is a little weird. It's like -- you could say, "I hope to run into you there at the

  • concert" for example. Okay?

  • The next one says "to run out of something." So the "s/t" means "something". Now, the sentence

  • is, "We're running out of juice." So if you live with someone, whether you're married

  • or you have a roommate, and you look in the refrigerator and you see the juice is almost

  • finished -- so if you "run out of something", it means that you use it until there is no

  • more left. You have finished all of it. So to "run out of something" -- "to use until

  • finished". Now, I used the example of juice because this is an expression that is commonly

  • used with food items in your refrigerator. So you can say, "We ran out of milk", or "we

  • ran out of bread." We ran out of juice." A very common thing that we run out of is gas

  • in your car as well. So you can say, "I'm running out of gas." Or you can also be "out

  • of something". So you can also say, "We are out of gas", or "We are out of juice." "We

  • are out of milk", for example.

  • Okay. "To run behind." So the sentence says, "Sorry. I'm running a little behind." Now,

  • what do you think of when you think of "running behind"? Okay. You're not with the person

  • in front of you; you are behind them. So if you're "running behind", essentially, you

  • are "running late", so you're not on schedule. Okay? So "to run behind", "to not be on schedule"

  • -- essentially, "to be late". You know, if you have a meeting with a friend and you call

  • them and you say, "Sorry. I'm running a little behind", this means, "Something happened to

  • make me late, and I'm going to be five minutes late -- ten minutes late." And you can even

  • give a time for how long you're running behind. So you could say, "Sorry. I'm running behind

  • by ten minutes", or "I'm running behind by five minutes." Something like that. Okay?

  • The next one is "to run against someone or something". The sentence says, "Obama ran

  • against McCain in 2008." So we're talking about a presidential election that occurred

  • in politics. And what do you think this means? If you know anything about the presidential

  • elections in the United States, that Obama was in opposition to John McCain in 2008.

  • So they were running against each other like a race. So to "run against someone" means

  • to be in opposition to them. Now, this is an expression that is very specific to politics.

  • So you can say, "Hey, who is he? Or who is she running against in the next election?"

  • So one more time, it means "to be in opposition. Sorry for my B there. It's a little fancy.

  • Now, again, you can also "run against something", specifically, I think of the word "time".

  • I say, "I'm running against time." You know, time is always going to win, and if you're

  • doing a project, you could say, "I'm running against the clock. I'm running against time.

  • I'm in opposition to time or the clock." Okay?

  • The last one is "to run something by someone". So the example sentence says, "Could you run

  • this by Mark first?" Now, if you have an idea for a presentation, for example, if you're

  • working in a group and you're talking with one of your partners and there's a third partner

  • in the group, but the third partner is not here right now, and you talk about, you know,

  • an idea with your partner and you say, "Okay. This sounds like a good idea. However, I want

  • to get Mark's opinion on this idea first, our third partner who is not here." So if

  • you "run something" -- the "something" is usually an idea, okay? If you "run something

  • by someone", it means that you're telling someone something to get their opinion. So

  • you say, like, "Okay. This sounds good, but I want to run it by this person first because

  • they need to know, and I want their opinion on this subject." Okay? So "to run something

  • by someone" -- "to tell someone something to get their opinion".

  • Now, you can also use this expression if you're, like, surprised at the news that someone gives

  • you and you don't believe them 100 percent. So if someone says something shocking and

  • you say, "Whoa. Could you run that by me again?" Okay? So this means, "Could you tell me that

  • one more time because I didn't understand. I don't believe you." Sometimes, you weren't

  • listening, so you can say, "Sorry. I wasn't paying attention. Could you run that by me

  • again?" Okay?

  • All right, guys. So from the top, we've "run into". "To run into" means to meet someone

  • unexpectedly or by accident in public. "To run out of something" is to use all of something

  • until it is finished, until there is nothing left. And one more quick note, you can also

  • run out of abstract things. So you can say, "I am running out of patience", or "I ran

  • out of patience." "To run behind" is to not be on schedule, to be a little late. "To run

  • against someone" is to be in opposition to someone in politics or also to be in opposition

  • to something like time or the clock. And finally, "to run something by someone" is to tell someone

  • your idea or something to get their opinion on it because you're not sure 100 percent,

  • you know, how they're going to feel.

  • So if you want to test your understanding of this material, you can do the quiz on www.engvid.com.

  • And don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel. I'll see you soon. Bye.

Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on expressions with "run".

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A2 初級

英語の「RUN」表現5選 (5 'RUN' expressions in English)

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    一一 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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