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  • Welcome to this sizzling hot video on kitchen and cooking vocabulary.


  • We're about to whisk you away to a world of sautéing pans, simmering pots and baking delights.


  • Whether you're a seasoned chef or a newbie in the kitchen, you're sure to find plenty of food for thought in this tasty lesson.


  • So, let's get cooking and learn the words, phrases and idioms that you need to know to spice up your vocabulary.


  • Hi, I'm Dylan and welcome to my kitchen.


  • I hope you're hungry, because today, we are going to 'cook up a storm'.

    お腹が空いたかな?今日は 「cook up a storm」をするんです。

  • When we 'cook up a storm', we put a lot of effort or enthusiasm into our cooking.

    「cook up a storm」とは、料理に力を入れたり、熱意を込めたりすることです。

  • For example, "I 'cook up a storm' on Christmas Day."


  • This means I put an extra amount of enthusiasm and effort into the meals I cook on Christmas Day.


  • I hope our first phrase has 'whet your appetite' for more useful cooking vocabulary.

    最初のフレーズですが、もっと役立つ料理の語彙に「whet your appetite」したら嬉しいです。

  • If something 'whets your appetite', it leaves you wanting more of that thing.

    「whet your appetite」とは、「もっと食べたい」と思わせることです。

  • We can use it with regards to food and drink.


  • For example, "The heavenly smell has really 'whet my appetite'."

    例えば、「天国のような香りが食欲をそそる 」とか。

  • But we can also use it in any context where one thing increases your desire for something else.


  • For example, the advert for the new film really 'whetted my appetite'.


  • I can't wait to see it.


  • 'Whet', W-H-E-T, is an old English word which means 'to sharpen', so when we talk about 'whetting our appetite', be sure to include the H, W-H-E-T.

    「Whet」、W-H-E-Tは「研ぎ澄ます」という意味の古い英単語なので、「食欲をそそる」というときには、必ず W-H-E-T の H を入れます。

  • This is a regular verb, so if we use it in the past simple or in the present continuous, we use a double T —'whetted' in the past or 'whetting' in the continuous.

    この動詞は規則動詞なので、過去単熟語や現在進行形で使う場合は、過去の場合は「whetted」、進行形の場合は「whetting」というように、二重の T を使います。

  • Now that your appetite is 'whetted', let's go into the kitchen and start to 'prep'.


  • OK. I'm sure most of you are familiar with the word 'prepare', which means to get something ready or to make something for later on,

    よし。皆さんは 「prepare」という単語をご存知でしょう。「prepare」とは「準備する」「後で作る」という意味です、

  • but we can also shorten it to 'prep' and often do so when talking about preparing food for cooking later on.


  • We can use 'prep' as a verb, for example, "Sonia preps her dinner before she goes to work."

    例えば 、「ソニアは仕事に行く前に夕食の準備をする」のように、prep を動詞として使うこともできます。

  • We can also use it as a noun: "Let's go into the kitchen and do some prep."


  • OK, let's take out our 'chopping board', which is the flat piece of plastic or wood which we use to cut food on and begin to prep.

    「chopping board」を取り出して、下ごしらえをしましょう。「chopping board」とは、食材を切るのに使う、プラスチックや木の平らな板のことです。

  • There are a number of ways to prep food, but one common way is to slice your vegetables.


  • When you 'slice' something, you cut it into long, thin strips and some common vegetables that we would slice could be potatoes, onions, courgettes, carrots and many, many more.

    「slice」とは 細長く切ることで、 一般的な野菜はジャガイモ、玉ねぎ、人参など様々です。

  • Or you might 'chop' your vegetables and meat and this is when you cut them into small, bite-sized pieces.


  • 'Chop' is a special kind of word.


  • It is an example of 'onomatopoeia' and this is when a word sounds like the word it represents.


  • Chop, chop, chop, chop, chop.


  • The word 'chop' sounds a little bit like the action, doesn't it?


  • Now there are many, many examples of onomatopoeia in the kitchen and in relation to cooking.


  • Can you think of your own examples and share them in the comments section below?


  • Let's see how many we can collect together.


  • Moving on, if you are really organised - more organised than I am,


  • then you might want to 'marinate' your ingredients and this is when you soak your ingredients in an oil or a sauce or in spices over a period of time, so that it has more flavour when you cook it.


  • 'Marinate' is the verb form, for example, "I marinated the beef overnight, so it is really flavourful!"


  • And 'marinade' is the noun form.


  • This is the liquid or spice that you put over food before cooking it.


  • So, we say: "I marinated the beef," or "I put the beef in a marinade."

    つまり、「牛肉をマリネした 」とか 、「牛肉をマリネ液に漬けた」とかを言います。

  • Let's head over to the stove and get cooking.


  • A 'stove' is a piece of equipment that provides heat for use in cooking.


  • They can be fixed in place or they can be portable, meaning they are able to be moved.


  • Let's turn it on and decide which pots and pans we are going to use today.


  • For soups or stews, we might use a 'saucepan', which is a long, deep pan with a handle.


  • They are great for boiling potatoes or boiling pasta, but today, we are going to use a frying pan.


  • A 'frying pan' is a shallow pan that we use to fry meat, vegetables, fish or other ingredients.

    「frying pan」とは、肉や野菜、魚などを炒めるのに使う浅い鍋のことです。

  • Frying pans are really common in British kitchens and they are an essential part of traditional cooking.


  • They are not to be confused with woks.


  • 'Woks' are more commonly used in Asian cooking and they have a large, rounded bottom which makes them perfect for stir-frying.


  • Let's get back to our frying pan and put it on a medium heat.


  • Next, we are going to drizzle some oil into our pan.


  • We can use the word 'drizzle' when it is raining lightly, just a little bit.


  • But, in the kitchen, we use it when we are pouring a liquid slowly and evenly on or in something.


  • So we can drizzle some oil into a frying pan or we can drizzle a little olive oil over a salad.


  • When the oil is nice and hot, we can add some sliced ginger and garlic.


  • To 'add' something means to put it into the food.


  • So, in this case, we are adding ginger and garlic, we are putting it into the pan.


  • We can use it during the cooking process or we can use it afterwards.


  • For example, "Jaden added some olives into his salad."


  • When cooking, we are going to need some cooking utensils, so here are some of the ones that we might use regularly.


  • You might need a ladle.


  • Tongs.


  • Grater.


  • Rolling pin.


  • Tin opener,


  • or a measuring jug.


  • OK, back to our meal.


  • Next, we are going to 'fry' our ingredients.


  • This is when we cook them in shallow oil in a pan, in this case, a frying pan.


  • So, let's add our meat and vegetables to the oil, ginger and garlic that are already in the pan.


  • 'Fry' is a verb.


  • For example, Nadia is frying eggs.


  • OK, we're nearly done, but before we finish cooking, we're going to add a little seasoning.


  • 'Seasoning' is a noun and it is something that we do at the end of the cooking process or at the table.


  • In the UK, we frequently use it to talk about salt and pepper, but it can apply to other herbs and spices as well.


  • "This meal's a little bland. I think I'll add a little seasoning."


  • Alternatively, we can use its verb form: 'season'.

    この食事また、動詞の形を使うこともできます: 「season」。

  • I'm going to season my meal with a little cumin and black pepper.


  • At last! The meal is ready. Yes.


  • The cooking is done and now it is time to 'plate up'.

    調理が終わり、いよいよ「plate up」の時間です。

  • This means to put the food onto the plates and often means in an attractive or stylish way to make it look particularly delicious.


  • For example: Dinner's ready - I'm going to plate up now.


  • Alternative version of this phrase include 'dish up' and 'serve up'.

    このフレーズの別の言い方として、「dish up」や「serve up」などがあります。

  • "Take your seat, I'm about to dish up," or "Food won't be long - I'm about to serve up."


  • When it's actually time to eat, just before starting your meal, some people might say 'bon appétit'.

    食事が始まる前に「bon appétit'」と言う人もいます。

  • As you might be able to tell from its pronunciation and spelling, this originally comes from the French, but we do commonly use it in English too.


  • There are two common ways that this can be pronounced.


  • You can say 'bon appét-ee', with a long 'ee' sound at the end, which is closer to the original French,

    bon appét-ee」と言い、最後に長い「イー」の音をつけると、元のフランス語に近くなります。

  • or you can pronounce it 'bon appét-eet' with a 't' sound at the end.

    あるいは、最後に「t」の音をつけて「bon appét-eet」と発音することもできます。

  • Both are fine - it's down to your personal preference.


  • Mm, yum-yum, that was delicious.


  • But what are some common ways to describe the foods we like?


  • Well, the classic, the one that most students know, is, of course, 'delicious'.


  • Some other words that are specifically used for delicious food and drink include 'scrumptious', 'tasty', and 'yummy'.


  • Now that we have had our delicious, tasty, scrumptious, yummy meal, it is time to finish our lesson on kitchen and cooking vocabulary.


  • So be sure to practise them.


  • Write them down, make example sentences.


  • You can do this in your notebook or in the comments section.


  • The more you study them, the easier it will be to remember them.


  • Let us know your favourite vocabulary you have learned today and any other words you think we've missed and be sure to like, comment and subscribe here on YouTube.

    今日学んだお気に入りの単語や、見逃したと思われる他の単語を教えてください。そして、YouTube でいいね、コメント、登録をお願いします。

  • And, of course, you can check us out on Facebook, Instagram and TikTok, or you can find lots and lots more grammar, pronunciation, spelling, vocabulary and lots more on our website at BBC Learning English dot com.

    もちろん、Facebook、Instagram、TikTok で私たちをチェックするか、BBC Learning English のウェブサイトで文法、発音、綴り、語彙などさまざまな情報を見つけることができます。

  • If you enjoy food and cooking, I'm sure you'd also love our lesson on eating out, which you can find here.


  • And that's it for us.


  • Happy cooking, enjoy your week, bon appétit, bye!


Welcome to this sizzling hot video on kitchen and cooking vocabulary.


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