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  • Hello, this is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English

  • I'm Neil and I'm Beth.

  • Now, you might know them as aliens, UFOs,

  • little green men or even UAPs.

  • UAP stands for unidentified anomalous phenomena

  • and it's the word scientists now use to describe mysterious things

  • not from this world,. So Beth,

  • how would you feel if you looked up and saw strange objects glowing

  • and twisting through the sky.

  • Wow!

  • Well, I might stare for a bit.

  • I don't know if I'd believe what I was seeing

  • and I guess I'd be a bit scared.

  • Well, that situation is exactly what

  • navy pilots caught on their fighter jet cameras

  • on a training flight in 2004.

  • They recorded mysterious oval objects flying at 24,000 metres.

  • The footage is known as the 'tic tac' videos

  • and they have had millions of views on Youtube.

  • Now, these videos are being reviewed by US Congress to try to understand

  • what these objects were.

  • Were they flying saucers -

  • the disc shaped craft flown by aliens?

  • Or is there a more rational explanation?

  • In this programme, we'll be discussing whether we are alone in the universe

  • and as usual, we'll be learning some useful new vocabulary as well.

  • But first, I have a question for you Beth.

  • Thousands of UFO sightings are recorded every year.

  • But which country has had the highest number of reported sightings

  • since records began,

  • according to the National UFO Reporting Centre? Is it:

  • a) the USA

  • b) Canada or c) China?

  • Hmm, I think it must be the USA.

  • OK Beth, I'll reveal the answer later in the programme.

  • Now, while astronomers are scientists who study questions concerning things

  • outside of earth,

  • they often avoid investigating

  • supposed aliens. Adam Frank,

  • professor of astrophysics at the University of Rochester,

  • explains why the footage in the tic tac videos

  • can't give any definitive answers of alien life to BBC

  • World Service Programme, 'The Inquiry'.

  • Because I don't think the pilots are lying,

  • you know, I think the pilots are being honest and have a lot of integrity

  • about what they say they're seeing.

  • They're not saying they're aliens - they're saying they behaved

  • in ways that no jet could behave.

  • But you know, again, personal testimony -

  • you can't do any science with that.

  • So, what may happen now is we're going to begin to get us some scientific study

  • of this and we'll try and get a better handle on it.

  • Adam says the pilots have integrity,

  • a noun meaning to have honesty and moral principles.

  • However, what they saw is based on personal testimony.

  • A 'personal testimony' is a story

  • or statement of evidence supported only by a person

  • and what they saw, rather than any external evidence or hard facts.

  • To find out more about exactly what the pilot saw, scientific studies

  • are being carried out to try and get a better handle on the situation.

  • If you 'get a handle on' something, you understand it

  • and are then able to deal with it.

  • Taking a more scientific approach to what the pilot saw

  • the tic tac videos were examined by a panel put together by NASA.

  • Here's Adam again,

  • discussing the findings on BBC World Service Programme,

  • 'The Inquiry'.

  • At the NASA panel,

  • one of the scientists showed a simple analysis of the video

  • that shows the object travelling seemingly at high speed over the ocean

  • and what the NASA scientist showed was that with a simple analysis

  • you can show that that was moving at forty miles-an-hour.

  • So certainly nothing very extra-terrestrial about that.

  • The scientists found that

  • although it looks like the object was travelling very fast,

  • it was only moving at forty miles-an-hour,

  • which Adam says is not very extra-terrestrial. Extra-terrestrial means

  • 'from outside Earth', and is another word often used to describe aliens.

  • So, it seems that for now, scientists will need to find

  • much more proof to know exactly whether we're alone in the universe or not.

  • OK Beth, I think it's time I revealed the answer to my question.

  • I asked you which country has had the highest number of reported sightings

  • since records began,

  • according to the National UFO Reporting Centre.

  • And I guessed the USA.

  • Which was the correct answer,

  • there have been over 100,000 reported sightings

  • and encounters with UFOs in the USA since 1947.

  • OK, let's recap the vocabulary

  • we've learned from this programme, starting

  • with 'UAP' - an acronym that stands for 'unidentified anomalous phenomena'

  • and is another word meaning alien or UFO.

  • A 'flying saucer' is a disc-shaped craft supposedly flown by aliens.

  • 'Integrity' means being honest

  • in what you say and

  • having moral principles.

  • 'A personal testimony' is a story

  • or statement of evidence supported by a person

  • and what they saw, rather than external evidence or hard facts.

  • If you 'get a handle on' something you understand it

  • and are able to deal with it.

  • And finally 'extra-terrestrial' means from outside Earth

  • and is another word often used to describe aliens.

  • Once again, our six minutes are up.

  • Join us again soon for more useful vocabulary here at 6 Minute

  • English. Goodbye for now. Bye!

  • If you like 6 Minute English,

  • why not try our News Review podcast, where you can learn vocabulary

  • From the latest news headlines,

Hello, this is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English

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Mystery flying objects ⏲️ 6 Minute English

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    Ben に公開 2023 年 11 月 22 日
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