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  • I'm from National Tsing Hua University,

  • Lin Hsiu Hau, who's pretty sick today.

  • Sorry but my voice is very attractive today.

  • Today what I'm going to talk about is:

  • "Open creativity, Leap Pondering"

  • This is an easy theme, really easy.

  • Besides, since you won't understand,

  • I can say whatever.

  • But then you guys will want ticket refund.

  • So for this,

  • the main reason for coming here today,

  • is to share with everyone,

  • that last year we recieved

  • a major international education award.

  • Of course this isn't just me,

  • it's the efforts of a whole team.

  • You can see our core members are all here today!

  • I'm very glad.

  • Remember one thing:

  • Later on what I speak about,

  • isn't just my own actions.

  • If you think my speech is bad,

  • everyone in the team is to be blamed!

  • So actually last year,

  • we gained a major award

  • for globally open education

  • by MIT.

  • They only give 5 awards every year!

  • So you can see,

  • I mean, hear you can see

  • a little classroom where our lessons take place.

  • In a small classroom like this in Tsing Hua University,

  • how do we,

  • that is, using what kind of effort,

  • and what type of creativity,

  • what type of knowlegde,

  • so that we can stand on the top of international-leveled education?

  • And gain this award?

  • Actually, when recieving this award,

  • all of us were very surprised.

  • It's like we didn't know what happened.

  • So the secret to getting this award is:

  • "I don't know."

  • Okay now that you hear this you're thinking:

  • "What? I'm going to get ticket refund."

  • So what I'm really going to talk about today is,

  • "A longer version."

  • This is what we wanted to share

  • after a long discussion and deep thoughts,

  • about what is something special

  • to share with you all?

  • The reality is:

  • "Open to refocus."

  • So for example if today,

  • we were to newly create a new class,

  • what I'm asking myself

  • is not tweaking. (Changing a little bit)

  • If you want to do some

  • meaningful things in life,

  • you will realize tweaking

  • doesn't help innovate ideas.

  • So what's the easiest result?

  • The easiest is to not plan and expect anything.

  • So here I am going to share,

  • is not just what I feel when preparing for classes,

  • but what attitude I learned

  • throughout my life till 40.

  • That is "Open to refocus."

  • What is "Open to refocus?"

  • "Open to refocus" is

  • if you want to complete something,

  • if you need to accomplish something important,

  • when you're planning earlier on,

  • you should open your heart.

  • Listen to all kinds of different suggestions,

  • process the suggestions,

  • and complete all the tasks.

  • When you are in this "Open period",

  • in this period where your heart is open,

  • gathering all the information,

  • you must remember one thing:

  • Anything that is good in quality,

  • when you have completed a certain amount

  • there will always be people against you.

  • If you don't want to offend anyone,

  • just don't do it then.

  • Everyone can do "Open",

  • but not everyone can "refocus".

  • Something even worse is

  • working all the way from the beginning on your own,

  • and in the middle you realize

  • that you can't stand the pressure others are putting on you,

  • so you start to change your path.

  • If it's like that,

  • I really advice to rather just quit.

  • I think the reason why our course

  • can have different qualities from others,

  • an important reason is because:

  • At the very beginning<

  • we accepted all ideas.

  • After working through all the suggestions,

  • we actually put in effort

  • to use a new perspective,

  • to present something we value.

  • For example:

  • in physics,

  • or so we call in the science world,

  • actually things will start to change.

  • This is very important.

  • Which means as time goes by,

  • how does an object change?

  • If you think about it,

  • professionally we call it "dynamics"

  • So how can you describe what "dynamics" is?

  • Here, we can see that cute

  • daddy Newton is grinning.

  • Why?

  • Because he's been in books for over hundreds of years.

  • Think about it,

  • if you were to teach kids

  • how this world changes?

  • You would say, "oh it's easy!"

  • "Just connect cause and effect!"

  • An object recieves a force,

  • therefor it has an acceleration.

  • This is why.

  • Think about it, this makes sense.

  • Every text book starts from here,

  • it makes sense!

  • But let's ponder further in depth.

  • Newton has already been important for hundreds of years.

  • Why can't he give the spotlight to someone else?

  • So here,

  • I decided.

  • There are so many changing things in our daily life,

  • why must it be "F=ma"?

  • I decided to tell my student:

  • Come! I'll teach you about cram schools in Taiwan!

  • Cram schoolsafter school classes outside of school) in Taiwan are very fascinating.

  • We probably have the most educational revolutions

  • in the world.

  • We change this and that.

  • Whether we are ready

  • or not.

  • Anyways! We just change everything!

  • And then you realize,

  • we are actually not aware of the students.

  • This is why there's

  • so many people worried about our education.

  • However, cram schools don't pray,

  • but yet they are able to keep up good business.

  • This is something worthy of discussion.

  • Okay!

  • So in this situation,

  • lets see what educationalists say?

  • This is what they are saying:

  • Don't go to cram schools! If everyone doesn't cram,

  • the competitive ability of each child is "1".

  • Alternatively, if everyone goes to cram school,

  • it becomes impossible to learn in depth knowledge.

  • So everyone's competitive ability drops to "0.8"

  • This sounds reasonable right?

  • But if it's reasonable,

  • why doesn't it change the cram school situation in Taiwan?

  • We can view this in a scientific perspective.

  • Let's pull away from cram schools for a second,

  • and look at

  • the "bubbles" in our bubble tea.

  • There are many.

  • Many you cannot see in the drink,

  • those are like this long rectangular thing.

  • This is called E. coli.

  • And you can see there's a lot of

  • small round "bubbles" around it.

  • If you think that these small bubbles have no worries,

  • you're wrong!

  • On the small bubbles,

  • there's a bunch of small tiny things,

  • called bacteriophage.

  • Bacteriophage of course, eats up bacteria.

  • So they eats up the E. coli.

  • The way they eat, is very hollywood. (Dramatic)

  • They insert their DNA into the bacteria,

  • and start developing heads,

  • legs,

  • and more and more,

  • Until it fills up the whole bacteria,

  • the E. coli explodes!

  • And then the bacteriophages move our,

  • and continue to the next E. coli.

  • Disgusting right?

  • So you would now think:

  • when we drink bubble tea,

  • there are bubbles we can't see,

  • and those are like E. coli, and they worry,

  • because bacteriophages will eat them up.

  • You might feel that bacterias are pretty simple.

  • Wrong.

  • There are 2 types of bacteria.

  • One type is "good", and they go like:

  • "Huh? you're missing a head? Here! take mine."

  • "Missing legs? I'll lend you legs."

  • So everyone helps each other.

  • You can imagine how the adaptability of these bacterias are.

  • Pretty good.

  • And what's the other type of bacteria?

  • The other type is like this:

  • "Ah! He's almost done but missing a head!"

  • Quietly heads the head in secret/

  • I don't know,

  • if you have ever met this kind of person while growing up?

  • or say "Oh, he's just missing a leg."

  • or "He's done?"

  • and sticks an extra leg so he can't move.

  • He's stuck.

  • So this is the more evil bacteria.

  • So comparing these two types of bacteria,

  • you will find that

  • the good bacteria have better adaptability.

  • They grow faster.

  • And the bad ones have bad adaptability.

  • They grow slower.

  • Now we can conclude that

  • in a cup of bubble tea,

  • we can see our cram schools in it!

  • Moving on,

  • in The University of Maryland,

  • they grew a bunch of these "bubbles".

  • And when putting them together

  • they suddenly discover

  • something extraordinary.

  • The bad selfish bacterias win!

  • And what happens is that the whole cup

  • is filled with the bad ones!

  • Why is this?

  • We should think about this

  • in deep thoughts.

  • The main reason is because

  • when the bad bacterias meet the good ones,

  • their adaptability becomes "2".

  • On the other hand,

  • when the good meets the bad,

  • the good bacteria's adaptability becomes "0.6."

  • So now we can see that

  • even if today here most people are "normal",

  • under this situation

  • if there is 1 bad bacteria,

  • and that bad bacteria had an adaptability of "2",

  • while all of us normal people is "1",

  • what can it do?

  • It's adaptability is better, so it grows into more,

  • and more. Until when the population reaches 1:1,

  • look at it again.

  • The population of bacteria is

  • half, is good.

  • Half, is bad.

  • So now you can see that

  • if you are a good bacteria,

  • you can 50% chance to meet another good bacteria,

  • and 50% to meet bad ones.

  • so your average adaptability is

  • 1 plus 0.6 divided by 2 which equals 0.8.

  • See? I'm fast at math.

  • What if you're a bad/selfish bacteria?

  • You also have fifty fifty chances.