字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント (upbeat music) - Hello, lovely students. And welcome back to English with Lucy. Now if you are a member of my email list, if you signed up to receive my PDFs and my newsletters, then you will know that we have been doing a big focus on idioms recently. Lots of you seem really keen to expand your vocabulary. And an amazing way to do that is to learn idioms. Idioms are so hard because they don't have literal meanings. You can't read the words and understand what they're about. So idioms are really hard to learn, but they are much, much easier to learn and process, and retain if you learn them in context. So this is how today's lesson is going to work. I am going to read you a story that I wrote, and it contains 20 idioms. For the first part of the lesson, I will read the story. You can practise your listening skills, maybe improve your pronunciation, but I want you to listen and see if you can identify all 20 idioms. Hold your hands like this each time you hear one, stick your finger up. Okay, see if you can get all 20. After that, we will go through the story phrase by phrase, and I will help you understand each and every idiom. As always, there is a free PDF and quiz that goes with this lesson. If you'd like to download that, just click on the link in the description box, you enter your name and your email address. You sign up to my mailing list, and the PDF will automatically arrive in your email inbox. After that, you automatically receive all of my lesson PDFs, and all of my news, course information and offers. It's a free service and you can unsubscribe at any time. There is also one other thing that I wanted to discuss. Before we start this lesson, I am running an idioms challenge. It's a 30 day challenge. Every single day, you get a text containing between six and 10 idioms. You get a daily video from me. I read through the text so you can improve your listening, and pronunciation skills, and I talk about the meanings of all of the idioms. After you've read through the text, you've watched the video, you can take the exercises. We have 20 daily exercises. And as you go through the challenge, I start to test you on what you've learned in previous days. This challenge starts on the 1st of February, so make sure you sign up. Before then, this is a 30 day challenge. It has 30 videos, lessons and sets of exercises, but you have lifetime access so you can take it at any time. For the pricing and enrollment, just click on the link in the description box. And just ran a communications challenge and these students loved it, it was amazing. We had such a great time, right? Let's get started with this idioms lesson. As I said, there are 20 idioms in this story. With your hands, see if you can identify them all. Obviously, I don't expect you to have 20 fingers. You might have to do two lots. I want you to use this as a listening exercise as well to see how much you pick up because we're going to go through phrase by phrase. If you do need the extra help, you can turn on subtitles. I woke up in the morning feeling a little under the weather. I took a deep breath and tried to pull myself together. You've got to bite the bullet and attend the interview, I said to myself. I went downstairs to have some breakfast. My mum asked me if I was hungry. I told her that I could eat a horse. She made me a big plate of eggs and I wolfed it down. I started to feel really nervous about the interview. Candidates like me are a dime a dozen. To add insult to injury, I'd been unemployed for six months. Why would anyone hire me? Perhaps I'm barking up the wrong tree. Or perhaps I should throw caution to the wind and just go. The ball is in my court. I have to do this. On the way to the interview, my bus got stuck in a traffic jam. I was really down on my luck. To make matters worse, I spilled some coffee on my shirt. I arrived 10 minutes late, but the boss said, "Better late than never". She said that she would give me the benefit of the doubt which I really appreciated. She was really on the ball and asked me lots of relevant, about my past experience. I managed to give her some good answers. So far so good, I thought to myself. By the end of the interview, I felt a lot better. She said to me that her decision was a piece of cake. She wanted to offer me the position. I was over the moon. Finally, I had my dream job. I told her that I would give her my all. I was on cloud nine for the rest of the day. Oh, lovely, positive story. Parts of that are actually true. I did once spill coffee all over my shirt before a job interview, but I still got the job, yes. I have been rejected from quite a few jobs in my time as well. I really wanted to work at the makeup counter in my local department store when I was younger and I applied three times, and got rejected every single time. So in the first part of the story, I said, I woke up in the morning feeling a little under the weather. And to feel under the weather or to be under the weather is our first idiom. This means to feel ill or unwell. It doesn't mean seriously ill. It just means I don't feel as good as I normally do. An example, I didn't go into school because I was feeling a bit under the weather. I hope to feel better tomorrow. Not that serious, just not feeling that great. Okay, next I said, I took a deep breath and tried to pull myself together. And to pull one self together is our next idiom, idiom number two. To pull oneself together is to recover control of one's emotions. Sometimes if I'm feeling a bit weak or pathetic, I don't want to do something, I tell myself, pull yourself together, Lucy, worse things could happen. An example, calm down and pull yourself together. Screaming isn't going to help. In the next sentence, I was speaking to myself. I said, you've got to bite the bullet, and attend the interview. And to bite the bullet is our third idiom. It means to decide to do something unpleasant that you have been avoiding. Something unpleasant or difficult as well. A big example of this is with me and running. I love running, but I like running in nice weather. And when it's really, really cold, I try to make myself go out on a run, but I don't want to. It's cold, it's unpleasant, it's more difficult. I try to make myself bite the bullet, stop avoiding it and just do it. An example, I've been avoiding organising my finances, but I need to bite the bullet and open that spreadsheet. When you hear the phrase bite the bullet, think of Nike, okay, just do it. Just do it, stop avoiding it, just do it. That's our Nike idiom. The next sentence. I went downstairs to have some breakfast. My mum asked me if I was hungry and I said that I could eat a horse. I could eat a horse is our next idiom, and it means I could eat a lot or I am so hungry. An example, after running the marathon, I could have eaten a horse. I was so hungry. The next sentence in the story is she made me a big plate of eggs and I wolfed it down. I wolfed it down. To Wolf something down is actually a phrasal verb, but it's also slang.