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  • Hi, everybody.

  • I'm Esther and in this video I'm going to teach you how to ask someone for permission

  • Okay so before I teach you that,

  • let's first talk about what permission means.

  • Okay so...

  • When you want to ask someone if it's okay to do something, you're asking for permission.

  • Okay again, you want to do something, you don't know if it's okay, so you ask someone.

  • For example, maybe you want to borrow something.

  • Then you should ask someone.

  • If you just take it that's stealing, right?

  • So you have to ask.

  • Is it okay? Alright?

  • So there are three ways to ask for permission in English.

  • The first way is to say, "Can I...?" "Can I...?" Okay.

  • The second way is "Could I...?" "Could I...?"

  • And the third way is, "May I...?" "May I...?" Okay.

  • So 'can I', 'could I', and 'may I' are all good

  • ways to ask for permission.

  • But the third one, 'may I', is more polite. Okay.

  • So if you want to ask somebody who has more power,

  • maybe your parents, may be your teacher,

  • then you should say 'may I'.

  • Maybe even to somebody that you don't know very well,

  • it's better to say may I because again it's more polite.

  • So let's look at these examples.

  • Okay so I've written 'can I', 'could I', and 'may I'

  • on the board.

  • Remember, after these three, you have to say a verb.

  • Okay so let's look at the verbs.

  • 'help' 'see' 'have' 'call' 'borrow' 'go' 'speak' and 'go' again.

  • Okay so I know I went through that a little bit quickly but

  • we're going to go through it slowly now.

  • Okay so here's what we'll do.

  • I'm going to read and try to switch some around. Okay?

  • So... "Can I help you?"

  • "Can I help you?"

  • Let's try that a little bit faster.

  • "Can I help you?"

  • "Can I help you?"

  • Now remember, you can also say 'could I' and 'may I'.

  • For example, if you're walking through a department store,

  • and the salesperson comes to you,

  • they would probably say, "May I help you?" because they want to be polite to the customer.

  • So again, "May I help you?"

  • Okay.

  • "Can I see you again?"

  • "Can I see you again?"

  • A little bit faster.

  • "Can I see you again?"

  • Maybe you like someone you met them and you like them

  • and you want to see them again next time,

  • So you say, "Can I see you again?"

  • Okay.

  • "Can I have some water?"

  • "Can I have some water?"

  • A little bit faster.

  • "Can I have some water?"

  • Okay.

  • Let's try a couple with 'could'.

  • "Could I call you later?"

  • "Could I call you later?"

  • Again, remember, you can use all three, but we're doing 'could'.

  • "Could I call you later?"

  • "Could I borrow some money?"

  • Okay. You usually borrow money from a friend or somebody that you know,

  • so that's why it's better to say maybe 'can I' or 'could I'.

  • "Could I borrow some money?"

  • Okay.

  • "Could I go?"

  • "Could I go?"

  • You want to leave, so you're asking if it's okay.

  • "Could I go?"

  • Okay and remember 'may I' is polite okay

  • you want to say that to someone who's a little bit more important,

  • maybe someone you don't know.

  • Again you would use 'may I'.

  • So "May I speak to mr. Kim?"

  • Maybe you called his office, okay, so you say,

  • "May I speak to mr. Kim?"

  • And the last one -

  • "May I go to the bathroom?"

  • This one is maybe if you're asking a teacher.

  • Right? You're in class and you have to go, you can ask a teacher

  • "May I go to the bathroom?"

  • Again, 'can I' 'could' 'can' and 'could' are both okay.

  • But maybe it's more polite....

  • If you want to be polite, you should say,

  • "May I go to the bathroom?"

  • And I'm sure the teacher will like that better because you're being polite.

  • Okay. So...

  • In this video we learned three ways to ask for permission.

  • Let's go through them one more time.

  • can I

  • could I and may I

  • Okay well I hope I helped and  I'll see you guys next time.

  • Bye.

  • Hi, everybody, I'm Esther.

  • And in this video we're gonna talk  about some important English expression.

  • Let’s first start with 'like and like to'

  • I like

  • and I like to'

  • First, let's look at the board for some examples.

  • With 'I like', we have to putperson, place or thing, right?

  • So let's look.

  • 'I like cookies.' Right, food is a thing.

  • So I could say, 'I like cookies'.

  • 'I like pizza.'

  • Okay.

  • The next one.

  • 'I like English'

  • English is a subject in school,

  • so that's another thing,

  • so I can also say, 'I like math',

  • Right?

  • The next one is, 'I like you.'

  • You is a person.

  • I can say, 'I like him.'

  • 'I like Sally.'

  • Right?

  • I can say a person.

  • And, 'I like dogs.'

  • That's another thing.

  • I like dogs or for mepersonally, I like cats as well.

  • Okay, so let's first try these  examples a little bit faster.

  • Now please try to follow with me.

  • 'I like cookies.'

  • 'I like cookies.'

  • 'I like English.'

  • 'I like English.'

  • 'I like you.'

  • 'I like you.'

  • And, 'I like dogs.'

  • 'I like dogs.'

  • Okay.

  • The second example is,

  • I like to

  • Now, we put a 'to' here.

  • That means after, I have to put an activity.

  • Right? An activity.

  • For example, 'I like to dance.'

  • 'I like to dance.'

  • But what I want you listen for is that 'to' becomes just like a 'tuh!'

  • Now, It's ok to say, 'I like to dance.'

  • 'I like to dance'.

  • That's okay but most native English speakers,

  • will kind of get rid of the 'o' and say,

  • 'I like to dance.'

  • 'I like to dance.'

  • Here is the next one,

  • 'I like to sing.'

  • 'I like to sing.'

  • 'I like to study.'

  • 'I like to shop.'

  • Okay.

  • So, these are all personally things that I like to do.

  • Actually, I love to them.

  • But 'like to' and 'like' is a little more common.

  • Okay.

  • So let's practice these  four examples one more time.

  • A little more quickly.

  • And please try to follow me.

  • I like to dance.

  • I like to dance.

  • I like to sing.

  • I like to sing.

  • I like to study.

  • I like to study.

  • I like to shop.

  • I like to shop.

  • Okay, let's look at some more examples together.

  • I like school.

  • I like dresses.

  • I like pizza.

  • I like money.

  • I like vacations.

  • I like food.

  • I like to eat.

  • I like to exercise.

  • I like to walk.

  • I like to drink coffee.

  • I like to meet friends.

  • I like to travel.

  • Okay, so now we're going to  move on to the expression,

  • 'I don’t like'

  • and 'I don’t like to.'

  • Okay.

  • So, if you look at the board,

  • I've changed 'I like' to 'I don’t like'.

  • Now, it’s the same.

  • At the end, I have to say a person, a place or thing.

  • Okay.

  • So, let’s look at them together.

  • I don’t like sushi.

  • Let’s try it a little bit faster.

  • I don’t like sushi.

  • I don’t like sushi.

  • Okay.

  • The next one is,

  • I don’t like math.

  • Right.

  • We can say 'I hate' but 'I  don’t like' is more common.

  • I don’t like math.

  • Again a little faster.

  • I don’t like math.

  • I don’t like math.

  • The next one is,

  • I don’t like him.

  • I don’t like him.

  • I don’t like him.

  • And the last one,

  • I don’t like snakes.

  • Right, a lot of women don’t like snakes.

  • I don’t like snakes.

  • I don’t like snakes.

  • Okay.

  • The second example is,

  • 'I don’t like to'

  • 'I don’t like to'

  • Remember, at the end of thiswe have to put an action,

  • something that we do, right.

  • So, we can say,

  • I don’t like to run.

  • I don’t like to run.

  • Remember, again theto’.

  • You can say, ‘I don’t like to

  • or ‘I don’t like to’.

  • I don’t like to run.

  • Let's try the next one.

  • I don’t like to study.

  • I don’t like to study.

  • Okay.

  • After that,

  • I don’t like to drink.

  • A little faster.

  • I don’t like to drink.

  • I don’t like to drink.

  • And the last one is,

  • I don’t like to fight.

  • Right.

  • It can get a little bit scary, right.

  • I don’t like to fight.

  • I don’t like to fight.

  • Let's look at some more examples together.

  • Ok, let’s look at some examples.

  • I don’t like spiders.

  • I don’t like spiders.

  • I don’t like snow.

  • I don’t like snow.

  • I don’t like winter.

  • I don’t like winter.

  • I don’t like chicken feet.

  • I don’t like chicken feet.

  • I don’t like heels.

  • I don’t like heels.

  • I don’t like to work.

  • I don’t like to work.

  • I don’t like to hike.

  • I don’t like to hike.

  • I don’t like to wash dishes.

  • I don’t like to wash dishes.

  • I don’t like to clean up.

  • I don’t like to clean up.

  • I don’t like to eat alone.

  • I don’t like to eat alone.

  • Okay, so in this video we  talked about the expressions,

  • 'I like', 'I like to', and 'I  don’t like', 'I don’t like to'.