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  • Hi, Cambly learners, my name is Lia and I am a tutor here on Cambly.

    こんにちは、 Cambly learners です。私の名前は Lia で、Cambly で個人指導をしています。

  • This morning, I made myself a cup of coffee to get the day started, and now I have to do some teaching, which brings us to the topic of today: 'make' versus 'do'.

    今朝、私は一日の始まりにコーヒーを淹れました、そしていくつか教えます。 今日のテーマに移ります、 make vs do です。

  • These two verbs are easily confused by beginner English speakers because in most languages these two verbs are combined and only one verb is used.

    この二つは混同しやすいです英語の初心者のほとんどの言語では これらの2つの動詞が組み合わされ、1つの動詞だけが使われます。

  • So, it's important to understand the difference between these two so that when you're speaking, you can sound more like a native.

    なので重要なのは理解する事この2つの違いを知ってあなたが話せば、 よりネイティブに近い発音ができます。

  • So, what is the difference?


  • Let's start with 'make'.


  • 'Make' is used for producing, uh, building, constructing, or creating something.


  • It also shows the origin of something or what material was used to make it.


  • For example, 'coffee is made from coffee beans', so coffee beans is what produces the coffee or what is the origin of the coffee.

    例えば、coffee is made from coffee beans(コーヒーはコーヒー豆から作られます。)コーヒー豆はコーヒーを生産するもの あるいはコーヒーの起源となるものです。

  • 'Her ring is made from gold.'

    Her ring is made from gold.(彼女の指輪は金でできている。)

  • Gold is the material that was used to make her ring.


  • 'Make' can also be used to 'produce an action or a reaction'.

    Make は動作や反応を起こすためにも使われます。

  • 'Onions will definitely make your eyes water', so the action that happens from cutting onions is that your eyes start to water.

    Onions will definitely make your eyes water(玉ねぎは絶対に涙が出る)、玉ねぎを切ることで起こる動作は 涙が出ます。

  • 'You make me happy.'


  • I am reacting to something you said or did.


  • We also use 'make' before nouns 'talking about plans or decisions'.


  • For example: 'We made arrangements to leave work early.'

    例えば、we made arrangements to leave work early(私達は早めに仕事を切り上げるようにしました)

  • 'Have you made any plans for the weekend?'


  • 'I need to make a decision about my career.'


  • We can also use it with 'nouns about speaking or certain noises'.


  • For example: 'She made a nice comment about my dress.'

    例えば、she made a nice comment about my dress.(私のドレスに彼女は素敵なコメントをしてくれました。)

  • That means she spoke to me and she complimented my dress.


  • 'The baby sleeping is sleeping, shhh.'


  • 'Don't make any noise.'


  • 'Don't make a promise that you can't keep.'


  • That means don't say or speak something that you do not intend to follow through on.


  • 'Make' is used for 'food, drinks, and other meals'.


  • For example: 'I need to start making dinner' or 'make breakfast' or 'make lunch'.

    例えば、I need to start making dinner or make breakfast or make lunch.(夕食の準備や朝食の準備、昼食の準備を始めなければなりません。)

  • 'She is making a cup of coffee, or 'make a cup of tea or hot chocolate.'


  • 'He is making a sandwich.'


  • Finally, 'make is also used 'to force someone to do something'.

    最後に、make 誰かに何かをさせるときにも使われます。

  • 'My mom made me go to bed early', so my mom forced me to go to bed early.


  • 'The teacher made the students memorize the verbs,' so the teacher forced the students.


  • Now, let's look at 'do'.

    では do を見ていきましょう。

  • 'Do' is used for 'work, jobs, and tasks'.

    Do は仕事、作業、課題で使われます。

  • For example: 'Have you done your homework?'

    例えば、have you done your homework?(あなたは宿題をしましたか?)

  • 'I need to do some housework.'


  • 'I would not like to do her job.'


  • 'Do' is also used for 'non-specific activities' when we're just speaking in general, and it's usually paired with words like 'thing', 'something', 'nothing', 'anything', 'everything', et cetera.

    Doは、一般的な話をしているときに非具体的な活動にも使われます、 thing something nothing anything everything cetera などの言葉とセットになっていることが多いです。

  • For example: 'Hurry up, I have things to do.'

    例えば、 hurry up, I have things to do.(急いで、私にはやるべきことがあります。)

  • 'Don't just stand there, do something.'


  • 'Is there anything I can do to help?'


  • You'll notice that in all these previous sentences, I did not specify what needed to be done or what should be done.

    これらの前の文章を見ていると、気づくことがあると思います、何をしなければならないのか、 何をすべきなのかは明示しないのです。

  • 'Do' is also used to 'replace verbs' when the meaning is clear and obvious.

    Do は意味が明確で明白な場合、動詞の代わりにも使われます。

  • For example: 'Do I need to do my hair?'

    例えば、do I need to do my hair?(髪の毛の手入れは必要ですか?)

  • In this example, it could mean, do I need to brush my hair or comb or fix my hair?


  • 'I'll do the kitchen if you do the living room.'


  • Here, it could mean I'll clean the kitchen if you vacuum the living room.


  • 'Do' is also use specifically with these words:

    Do はこれらの言葉と一緒に具体的に使います。

  • 'Well', 'badly', 'good', 'bad', 'best', and 'worst'.

    Well  badly goodbad best  worst 

  • For example: 'I'm pleased I did well on my exam.'

    例えば、I'm pleased I did well on my exam.(試験の結果が良かったのは嬉しいです。)

  • Or: 'I'm disappointed, I did badly on my exam.'


  • Or: 'Ooh, I did bad with my diet over the holidays.'


  • 'I will need to exercise.'


  • Or: 'I did good and ate healthy over the holidays.'


  • 'Remember, just do your best in the race.'


  • 'Of course, nobody wants to do their worst in the race.'


  • Okay, Cambly learners, it's time to practice.

    さて、Cambly 学習者の皆さん、練習の時間です。

  • I will give you some sentences with the verb missing, and you have to decide if it's 'do' or 'make'.

    動詞が抜けている文をいくつかあげてみます,そしてそれが Do か Make かを決めてください。

  • Are you ready?


  • Let's go.


  • Okay, first one.


  • She is going to [blank] a cake for his birthday.

    She is going to a cake for his birthday.(彼女は彼の誕生日にはケーキを  です)

  • That is correct.


  • Remember that we use 'make' when we talk about food or creating something.

    食べ物や何かを作るときにはmake を使うことを忘れないでください。

  • Okay, number two.


  • He will [blank] anything for his mother.

    He will anything for his mother.(母親のためなら何でも )

  • That is correct.


  • Remember, we use 'do' for nonspecific activities, so he will do anything for his mother.

    覚えておいてほしいのは do は非特定の活動に使うので、彼は母親のために何でもするということです。

  • Number three.


  • You need to [blank[ the dishes.

    You need to the dishes.(あなたは皿洗いを  必要がある)

  • Correct again.


  • You need to 'do' the dishes, because that is a chore or a task.


  • Okay, and the last one.


  • We need to [blank] a decision about the house.

    We need to a decision about the house.(私達は家のことを決めなければならない。)

  • Very good, excellent.


  • We need to 'make' a decision about the house.


  • We use 'make' for talking about plans and decisions.

    計画や決定について話すときには make を使います。

  • Excellent, well done, Cambly learners.

    素晴らしいです、よくやりました、Cambly の学習者たち。

  • Thumbs up.


  • For those of you who are unfamiliar with Cambly, it is a platform where you can practice your speaking skills with friendly, native tutors like myself.

    Cambly をご存じない方のために説明します、スピーキングの練習ができるプラットフォームで 私のようなフレンドリーなネイティブのチューターと一緒にできます。

  • You can schedule a class from, uh, your laptop or your phone or any device.


  • You can schedule it any time, anywhere.


  • So, please feel free to schedule your next class with me, Lia, at the link below.

    それでは私 Lia の次回のクラスを下記のリンクから気軽に予約してください。

  • Thank you and goodbye.

    ありがとうございました またね。

Hi, Cambly learners, my name is Lia and I am a tutor here on Cambly.

こんにちは、 Cambly learners です。私の名前は Lia で、Cambly で個人指導をしています。

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