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  • What if doing well in school and in life depends on much more than your ability to learn quickly and easily?


  • I started studying kids and adults in all kinds of super challenging settings, and in every study, my question was, "Who is successful here and why?"

    私はあらゆる種類のとても困難な環境にいる子供や大人の研究を始めました、どの研究でも私の質問は「誰がここで成功しているのか、そしてその理由は何か 」でした。

  • My research team and I went to West Point Military Academy.


  • We tried to predict which cadets would stay in military training and which would drop out.


  • We went to the National Spelling Bee and tried to predict which children would advance farthest in competition.

    私たちは National Spelling Bee に行き、どの子供たちが競技で最も遠くまで進むかを予測しようとしました。

  • We partnered with private companies, asking, "Which of these salespeople is going to keep their jobs?"


  • "And who is gonna earn the most money?"


  • In all those very different contexts, one characteristic emerged as a significant predictor of success.


  • And it wasn't social intelligence.


  • It wasn't good looks, physical health, and it wasn't IQ.


  • It was grit.


  • Grit is passion and perseverance for very long-term goals.


  • Grit is having stamina.


  • Grit is sticking with your future, day in, day out, not just for the week, not just for the month, but for years, and working really hard to make that future a reality.

    やり抜く力とは自分の未来を貫くことです。週単位月単位ではなく何年もかけて毎日、毎日、 その未来を実現するために一生懸命働いています。

  • A few years ago, I started studying grit in the Chicago public schools.


  • I asked thousands of high school juniors to take grit questionnaires, and then waited around more than a year to see who would graduate.


  • Turns out that grittier kids were significantly more likely to graduate, even when I matched them on every characteristic I could measure - things like family income, standardized achievement test scores, even how safe kids felt when they were at school.

    その結果、やり抜く力のある子供の方が卒業できる確率が高いことがわかりました、世帯収入や標準学力テストの点数、学校での子供の安全感など、 測定可能なすべての特性を一致させてもです。

  • So, it's not just at West Point or the National Spelling Bee that grit matters.

    つまり、やり抜く力が重要なのは陸軍士官学校や National Spelling Bee だけではないということです。

  • It's also in school, especially for kids at risk for dropping out.


  • Every day, parents and teachers ask me, "How do I build grit in kids?"

    毎日のように、親や教師から 「どうやって子供にやり抜く力を身につけさせればいいの?」と聞かれます。

  • So far, the best idea I've heard about building grit in kids is something called "growth mindset."

    これまでに私が聞いた、子供にやり抜く力を身につけさせるための最良のアイデアは、「グロース・マインドセット 」と呼ばれるものでした。

  • This is an idea developed at Stanford University by Carol Dweck, and it is the belief that the ability to learn is not fixed, that it can change with your effort.


  • Dr. Dweck has shown that when kids read and learn about the brain and how it changes and grows in response to challenge, they're much more likely to persevere when they fail because they don't believe that failure is a permanent condition.


  • So growth mindset is a great idea for building grit.

    だからグロース・マインドセット はやり抜く力を鍛えるのに最適なアイデアなのです。

  • But we need more.


  • We need to take our best ideas, our strongest intuitions, and we need to test them.


  • We need to measure whether we've been successful, and we have to be willing to fail, to be wrong, to start over again with lessons learned.


What if doing well in school and in life depends on much more than your ability to learn quickly and easily?


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