字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Previously on Battle 360, Truk Lagoon, the Central Pacific. Like a Hammer of Hell, Enterprise's airplanes nailed the Gibraltar of Pacific and gave the Japanese Empire a Pearl Harbor of their own. Now the Big-E turns towards the Mariana Islands, one deadly step closer to the enemy homeland. And the American submarines have the Imperial fleet locked in their sights. USS Enterprise, a fighting city of steel ---She is the most revered and decorated ship of the WWII. On this 360 degree battle, where threats loom on the seas, in the skies, and in the ocean depth. the Enterprise's enemy can be anywhere and everywhere. There is nowhere to run when the battles are all around you. The Battle 360...USS Enterprise...D-Day in the Pacific. Dawn, June 13, 1944, in the waters off Saipan, in the Mariana islands, aircraft carrier USS Enterprise clears for action. Her massive flight deck is alive with revving engines as the TBF Avengers of Torpedo Squadron 10 prepare to hit enemy positions on Saipan. In command of Torpedo 10 is Bill Martin. He's a seasoned leader with 2 bloody years aboard Enterprise under his belt. The finest officer you'd ever meet. Everybody trusted him. He was an excellent pilot, he had been around quite a while, and he'd been in a scouting squadron before. So, he was just an all-around, good officer. Flying in the big Avenger with Martin are radioman first class Williams and ordnance man W.R. Hargrove. Their target is a Japanese flak battery on the southern tip of the island, where in just a few days, ground troops will be slogging ashore. The enemy stronghold is covered with anti-aircraft artillery and it's Enterprise's job to wipe them out. We were dropping bombs on land targets and any ships or anything that happen to be there. It was not like we had at Guadalcanal. We didn't have much opposition there. BY THEN, WE HAD THE F6Fs, and we were pretty well-protected. For 2 days, Enterprise and the fleet of American carriers have been launching air strikes against Saipan, pummeling the island with bombs in anticipation of a major invasion by U.S. marines and soldiers. 200 miles away, an American battleship division moves within the range of the enemy island from a massive bombardment. USS New Jersey and her sister Iowa-class battleships open fire with heavy broadsides from their 16" batteries. These warships are the new generations of the fast battleships. The Iowa Class battleship weighs in 45,000 tons with an overall length of 887 ft. In addition to a dozens of 5", 40mm, and 20mm anti-aircraft guns, they pack a ___ 9 16" 50 caliber rifles, capable of killing a target at 25 miles. There's just one problem: The gunners on these ships are raw and inexperienced in shore bombardment. 10,000 yards away, enemy machine gun nests, pillboxes, and bunkers weather the incoming fire. Most of the 2,400 16-inch projectiles, each weighing nearly a ton, are simply wasted. They barely scrape the surface of the Japanese positions. The Japanese were very, very good at entrenchment, cover, and concealment, so it was very difficult to even see their targets first of all, much less being able to put effective naval gunfire on top of 'em. It's going to take a lot more to wipe out the enemy defenses. 10 miles away, Bill Martin's group of 7 TBF Avengers arrives over their target: Japanese gun emplacements and bunkers. Martin's plane peels off and heads for a Japanese flak battery. He's got 2 500-pound bombs, enough ordnance to annihilate the enemy position. But the Japanese see him coming and open fire. At 12,000 feet, bursts of steel flak pepper the air all around his Avenger. Martin rolls into a steep dive, heading right for his target at high speed. Really, the plane should have been at about 250 knots for a diving profile. This guy's going maybe 350, 360. It's pretty fast. The plane wasn't really made for that. It's doing a mission it's not designed for. At 350 miles per hour and in a near-vertical dive, Martin's plane catches a load of shrapnel just as he releases his bomb load. Martin's in a flat spin, out of control. His Avenger begins a deadly, tumbling free fall towards the earth. EXTREME NEGATIVE G's Are literally pulling the pilot out of his seat. ?==>You might not be able to reach your stick of throttle. (?)You might not be able to actually calm ___ and talk to your crew member. The blood has been pushed into your face. You just need to keep thinking straight. He tries to call Williams and Hargrove on the mic. No answer. His plane is on fire. Only seconds separate Martin from a fiery death. At the last possible moment, he releases his harness, jerks the ripcord, and is pulled out of the burning aircraft. Martin's parachute blossoms just as his plane slams into a lagoon. His body makes a rough landing in five feet of water as charred debris falls all around him. 30 ft away, his Avenger crackles under an oily, black plume, a funeral pyre for his veteran crew. With Japanese machine guns and rifles firing at him from shore, Martin slowly makes his way to a reef 1,000 yards away. So he paddled outside the lagoon. They were shooting at him for a while but he got outside. Somebody came in and picked him up. Martin is later rescued by the cruiser Indianapolis. And the next day, he is returned to the Big-E, very lucky to be alive. And it is only the beginning. ON THE NIGHT OF June 14th, An American submarine makes a startling discovery. For the first time in more than 18 months, a massive Japanese fleet has taken to the seas and it's headed right for Saipan and USS Enterprise. Flash back. One month earlier, May 1944. For 6 months, US fleet has been raising hell in the central Pacific, and carriers like USS Enterprise have seen their share of the action. Now the US command prepares for the next phase of battle, a major drive on the central Pacific's Mariana Islands. The US navy sets their sights on Saipan, the main focus of the operation. (?)And the fleet is ___ ready for action. By now the American war machine has built an Armada unlike anything ever seen. That's what you have on the Pacific Fleet. It ends up with a large number of aircraft carriers. These carriers can move quickly. More and more ships. Its bigger, faster, and much more deadly navy. If the US can capture Saipan, the island will offer an ideal base for the US Army B-29 Superfortress bombers. From here, the massive warplanes can begin strategic bombing of the home islands. We would be able to contribute to the battle a major strategic air campaign against the Japanese home islands. And it was thought that by subjecting the Japanese home islands to a protracted, strategic air campaign, the likes of which we were doing to the Germans in Europe, it would accelerate the end of the war. Target: Saipan. Objective: Seize the heavily defended enemy island; crush the Japanese garrison. Strategy: Carriers like Enterprise will hammer the island with warplanes, battleships will pummel it from the sea, and US marines and soldiers will battle the enemy on land. As Allied forces push in on the empire from all sides, the Japanese army and navy will be divided, faced with fighting a multi-front war. It poses a horrendous problem for the Japanese in that they're strained everywhere. And planes that, you know, could be sent to the central Pacific navy, in many cases, are going down to New Guinea to fight against the army down there. By 1944, the Axis power was on the defensive. As the Allies are prepared for the mass invasion in the Pacific, in France and Italy, You can consider that the American forces are heavily engaged in combat in Italy that the American forces are also about to conduct the landing in Normandy on June 6. the US military is demonstrating its capable of engaging an broad offensive operations on opposite sides of the world simultaneously. Saipan will be one of the most important invasions of the war, a Normandy of the Pacific. AND D-Day IS SET FOR June 15th. At the Island base Majuro, the Marshall Island, thousands of men from the Navy, Army and Marine Corps get ready for the invasion. Most of the sailors and marines from different ships are strangers from every corner of USA. Not all this fighting men are destined to get along. By 1944, a 150 year rivalry still divides the marines of the fleet and the ship sailors. Damage control men Pedro Sandoval from ___ of TX gets a close look at this rift when he has a chance to run in a childhood friend from back home. There is a marine came aboard ship, looking for me. He walked in the shop when I see him ___ He was just a brother to me before we even joined the service. And I gave him a big hug, and everybody looked at me. What? What's wrong with him? You gave a marine a hug. You are.. The marines waiting there were surprised too. As he was just like a brother to me and I hadn't seen him since I left for the war. Enterprise will sail as the flagship of her task group, but she is only part of a massive armada of 15 carriers, 7 battleships, 14 cruisers, over 50 destroyer escorts, and a score of transports, oilers, and supply ships. One of the most beautiful sights I have ever seen: There were 14, 15 big United States carriers there, as well as light carriers and cruisers, destroyers. I have never, in my life, seen such a bunch of ships getting together. The entire naval force is under the command of Vice Admiral Marc Mitscher. At 57 years old, Wisconsin native Marc Mitscher is a hard-fighting admiral and former naval aviator. As a career veteran with more than 30 years at sea, he knows how to use carriers like Enterprise and their aircraft in mortal combat against the enemy. Among the 15 carriers that Mitscher commands are 6 of the new Essex Class fleet carriers. Each of these giant flat top with displacement more than 36,000 tons fully loaded, 10,000 more than Enterprise. They also pack heavy armaments: 4 twin 5" guns, 8 single 5" guns, 8 quad mount 40 mms, and more than 40 20 mm guns. They can also carry 110 aircraft to Enterprise's 90. June 6, 1944, Enterprise and her task group steam away from the island of Majuro, bound for Saipan. As the ship cruises through the open seas, her Executive Officer comes on loud speaker and announced the news of Normandy invasion in France. But the beaches of Normandy are half a world away. Enterprise, the Pacific are heading for a D-Day of their own. For the men of Enterprise, the road to victory and the way home is through Saipan and the Philippine sea. But each time the Big-E heads into battle, her men can only wonder when their famous luck might run out. Louisiana native and Enterprise marine Louis Michot already knows the risks after 6 months aboard ship. You know your time might be coming which you keep-- you just get it off your mind and do your job. Can't lie down. If you get hit, you get hit. That's why war is hell. I knew I was in danger, but so was all my comrades. And we were working like a team. We had to just keep going and do what we're trained to do. This time, Enterprise, the fleet, and the marines are up against 32,000 Japanese troops. Dug in on the hillsides of Saipan, like their brothers at Guadalcanal and Tarawa, these defenders will fight to their death. But for the first time since the battle of Santa Cruz, a massive Japanese carrier fleet is also preparing for battle. Battered by the bloodbaths at Midway, Guadalcanal, and Santa Cruz, the Imperial Navy has finally rebuilt and is ready to meet the Big-E. The Japanese navy has tried frantically to build their carrier force into some sort of replica of what they had at the beginning of the war. They have more carriers now. Among the Japanese carriers are sister ships Shokaku and Zuikaku, the very same vessels that the Big-E squared off against in the eastern Solomons and Santa Cruz. And now they're back for a rematch with Enterprise. So, we were longing for bearing(?) and we knew where they were and when they were coming. The Imperial task force also includes the new mega carrier, Taiho. It's unlike anything the Big-E has ever gone up against. Taiho, which means "great phoenix," is 30,000 tons of imperial iron built by Kawasaki. She has 2 enormous hangar decks, compared to Enterprise's one; 61 aircraft; and instead of wood, her flight deck is plated with three-inch armored steel. Her weaponry consists of 12 99-millimeter flak guns and 51 25-millimeter machine guns. She is the flagship of the entire carrier force. Commanded by Vice-Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa a.k.a. the Gargoyle. He's six feet tall, has a chest covered with medals, and is the mastermind of the empire's carrier fleet, veteran of Java, Sumatra, and Guadalcanal. There's just one problem: Japan is running out of expert pilots. Most of them wiped out in the first year of the war. Ozawa's pilots are raw and poorly trained. There is a stark contrast to the fleet air arm that the Japanese began the second world war with, when you consider that those were among the cream of the crop of naval aviation. But they're all gone. And by this stage of the war, in their places are new, moderately trained pilots, pilots who were not up to the task of going up against seasoned American naval aviators. They were pretty far gone as far as skills concerned. The differences between 1943 and 1944 was all the devils in the world. We had, they didn't. June 11, 1944, D-Day, minus four. The veteran Hellcat fighters called the grim reapers launch their first attack against the Marianas from the Big-E. Admiral Mitscher, a former pilot himself, gives the reapers a simple order: "Cut their damn throats." In the skies over Saipan, the Hellcats blast enemy aircraft and their pilots into the afterlife. Next, the fighter planes strafe the airfields with hot .50 caliber lead. Parked aircraft are destroyed and go up in flames. Fuel tanks explode. And enemy gunners are blown to pieces. For 2 solid days, American fighters and bombers ravage Saipan and the nearby islands of Rota, Tinian, and Guam, doing all they can before the marines storm ashore. Next, the Iowa-Class battleships turn their guns on Saipan. And Bill Martin has a close call when his plane is blown out of the sky. But after 3 days of hard fighting, Saipan is still a fortress island. And for the crew of USS Enterprise, the battle for the Marianas has only just begun. In response to the American attacks, Admiral Ozawa has taken to the seas, headed for a showdown. He has one mission, crush the U.S. fleet. June 15, 1944, D-Day in the invasion of Saipan. Enterprise launches a major air strike of SBD dive bombers, Hellcat fighters, and Avenger torpedo planes. It's part of a massive support mission. While the marines wade ashore, planes from Lexington and Enterprise will hit the beaches and pillboxes with bombs and machine-gun fire. The assault is led by commander William "killer" Kane of Enterprise. The veteran pilot will lead 68 planes from the 2 ships in the brutal assault on Saipan. This is before the marines landed. You'd go in first and hit all the anti-aircraft. This is one of the major operations of the war as far as, you know, number of troops landing and all that, 'cause the Japanese, they didn't want you to take Saipan at all. I mean That was a big blow to them. As Kane's strike force heads into the deadly airspace, they can clearly see the marines heading for the beaches. As the American airmen batter the Japanese positions with round after round of bombs and bullets, 20,000 US Marine wade ashore and face the Japanese defenders in hellish combat. In one single day of battle, 2,000 Americans are killed or wounded on Saipan. 2,000 Men for less than a half a mile of Japanese real estate. A gruesome start to one of the biggest battles in the Pacific war. 7:00PM, carriers Enterprise, Lexington, and Bunker Hill cruise the waters off Saipan. As the sun begins to set on D-Day, the ships prepare for another night in the hostile central Pacific. Suddenly, the main search radar on the Enterprise picks something up. It's an incoming air assault. 22 miles away, 7 land-based Fran torpedo bombers head right for Enterprise and carrier Lexington. Within minutes, the enemy planes will be within striking distance. 10 miles ahead of the Frans, spotters on Enterprise can now clearly see the incoming assault. Seconds later, the guns of the task force roar into action. 5" 38-caliber rifles from Enterprise and Lexington thump out a volley of explosive projectiles.