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  • Hi. Neil from BBC Learning English here.

    こんにちは、BBC Learning English のニールです。

  • Did you know that we are now offering a new weekly extra episode of 6 Minute Englishexclusively on our website!?

    「6 Minute English」では毎週エキストラ・エピソードをウェブサイト限定で配信していることをご存知ですか?

  • So, go to to find your favourite presenters  on your favourite programme!

    ですから、 にアクセスして、あなたのお気に入りの番組でお気に入りのプレゼンターを探してみてくださいね。

  • The extra episodes are only available on our


  • See you there!


  • 6 minute English, from の6 minute English です。

  • Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I'm Neil.

    こんにちは。こちらは BBC Learning Englishの6 minute English です。僕はニールです。

  • And I'm Georgina.


  • Can you swim, Georgina?


  • I can, Neil. I learned to swim as a child and now I enjoy swimming for exercise and to relax.


  • In the summer hundreds of keen swimmers, like Georgina, head off to swimming pools, lakes and beaches to take a dipan informal idiom meaning 'go for a swim'.

    夏になると、ジョルジーナのような何百人もの熱心なスイマーが、プールや湖、ビーチに浸かり(take a dip)に行きます。これは「泳ぎに行く」という意味のインフォーマルなイディオムです。

  • Swimming has many health benefits and since ancient times has been used to promote strength and well-being.


  • But swimming's not just about exercisethere's far more to it beneath the surface as we'll be finding out in this programme on the history of swimming.


  • Although evidence suggests that ancient Mediterranean people dived eagerly into temple pleasure pools, lakes and the sea, other cultures have 'swum against the tide' — another swimming idiom there, Neilmeaning 'not to follow what everyone else is doing'.

    古代の地中海の人々は、神殿のプールや湖、海に喜んで飛び込んでいたという証拠がありますが、他の文化では「Swum against the tide(潮に逆らって泳ぐ)」、つまり「他の人がやっていることに従わない」という意味の水泳のイディオムがあるのよ、ニール。

  • Someone who did enjoy swimming was the poet, Lord Byron.


  • He wrote poems popularising the sport and in 1810 swam the Hellespont, a stretch of water separating Europe from Asia.


  • But in which modern country can the Hellespont be foundthat's my quiz question, Georgina.


  • Is it: a) Greece? b) Cyprus? or c) Turkey?


  • I think Lord Byron visited Istanbul, so I'll say c) Turkey.


  • OK, we'll find out the answer at the end of the programme.


  • For all its good points, swimming seems to have lost its appeal in Europe after the decline of the Roman Empire.


  • According to historian and swimming enthusiast, Professor Kevin Dawson, the rise of Christian beliefs discouraged swimming, as he explains here to BBC World Service programme, The Forum:

    歴史学者で水泳愛好家のケビン・ドーソン教授がBBCワールドサービスの番組「The Forum」で説明したところによると、キリスト教の信仰が高まったことで水泳が敬遠されるようになったそうです。

  • You have some beliefs that water is this unsafe space, unnatural space for human beingsthat it's a perpetuation of the chaos that existed before God created land, or that water is a mechanism for punishment like the Great Flood story or pharaoh's army being destroyed in the Red Sea.


  • But then there's also beliefs that swimming is immodestmost people at the time swam nude and so church officials discouraged swimming because they felt that it lead to immodest behaviour.


  • As well as being considered unsafe or chaotic, swimming was seen as immodestshocking because it shows too much of the body.


  • This was because most people at the time swam nudenaked, without clothes.


  • Another place with a long history of swimming is the remote Maldives Islands in the Indian Ocean.


  • In the Maldives, access to shallow, warm sea-water lakes called lagoons makes it an unbeatable place for swimming.


  • But even on a tropical island, things haven't always gone swimmingly as diver and Maldives resident, Mikael Rosen, told BBC World Service programme, The Forum.

    しかし南国の島であっても、うまくいかないこともあると、ダイバーでモルディブ在住のミカエル・ローゼン氏はBBCワールドサービスの番組「The Forum」で語っています。

  • Listen for the reason Mikael gives for the change in people's attitudes to swimming in the Maldives.


  • Most citizens of the Maldives have half a mile to a lukewarm lagoon.


  • Given that, they could be world leaders in swimming, but in the 1960s the government recruited a lot of teachers from India, Sri Lanka.


  • They didn't know anything about the water culture and they noticed that the young students playing hookythey were in the lagoons, and swimming soon got frowned upon, but now the government and the local organisationsthey try to reclaim swimming.


  • Did you hear the reason Mikael gave, Neil?


  • Yes, he said that young students were playing hooky to go swimming in the lagoons.


  • Play hooky is an informal way of saying 'stay away from school without permission'.

    「Play hooky(サボる)」とは、「許可なしに学校に行かないこと」のインフォーマルな言い方です。

  • Right, and that meant swimming quickly got frowned upon, or disapproved of.


  • It seems a bit unfair since there was already a strong culture of swimming in the Maldives which the arriving teachers didn't fully appreciate.


  • Well, I know which I'd rather dosit in a classroom or swim in a warm tropical lagoon!


  • Swimming, right? But then you would never have learned about Lord Byron.


  • Yes, in your quiz question you asked me about Lord Byron swimming the Hellespont, a stretch of water separating Europe from Asia.


  • I asked you in which country the Hellespont can be found.


  • Is it: a) Greece? b) Cyprus? or c) Turkey? What did you say?


  • I said c) Turkey. Was I right?


  • Yes, you were, Georgina!


  • The Hellespont, also known as the Straits of Dardanelles, is a six-kilometre-wide stretch of water in Turkey.


  • Let's recap the vocabulary from this programme on swimming, which some people informally call taking a dip.

    水泳に関するこのプログラムの語彙を見直してみましょう。これは、インフォーマルでは「taking a dip」と言われることもあります。

  • Someone who swims against the tide refuses to do what everyone else is doing.

    流れに逆らって泳ぐ人(swim against the tide)は、他の人がやっていることを拒否します。

  • In the past, swimming was considered immodestshocking because it showed too much of the body.


  • Another word for naked or not wearing any clothes is nude.


  • Children who play hooky stay away from school without permission.

    サボる(play hooky)子供たちは許可なく学校から離れます。

  • And finally, if something is 'frowned upon' it's disapproved of.

    そして最後に、何かが「眉をひそめている(frowned upon)」場合、それは不承認という意味です。

  • That s all for our dive into the deep end of the vocabulary of swimming.


  • As we've discovered, there's plenty of idioms and expressions relating to swimming and water!


  • And check us out on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.


  • Don't forgetwe have an app too, which you can download for free from the app stores.


  • We help you learn English on the move.


  • Grammar, vocabulary, and interesting topicswe have them all!


  • Visit our website! Get the app!


  • Bye for now!


  • Goodbye!


Hi. Neil from BBC Learning English here.

こんにちは、BBC Learning English のニールです。

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B1 中級 日本語 水泳 モルディブ 泳い 泳ぐ トルコ ヌード


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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 09 月 29 日