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  • Hi.

  • I'm Vanessa from SpeakEnglishWithVanessa.com.

  • Are you ready to expand your vocabulary?

  • Let's get started.

  • Do you want to improve your vocabulary?

  • Do you want to have fun?

  • Do you want to see my house?

  • If you answered yes, yes, and yes, then today you're in luck because I want to help you

  • understand and use over 40 essential household words, expressions, and phrasal verbs.

  • We're gonna go around to each of the rooms in my house and I'm gonna show you wants there

  • and maybe what's not there but what maybe is typically there in other American households

  • so that you can use those words.

  • Because in a video that I recently made called How To Learn English At Home, I mentioned

  • that you can look around you and ask questions about your surroundings.

  • "What's that?

  • What's in that box?

  • Who is that?"

  • Well, the way that you can do this is if you have the vocabulary to explain those things.

  • So I hope that today you'll be able to expand your vocabulary even if you are an advanced

  • English speaker, I'm sure that you're going to use some useful expressions and you'll

  • realize this is what native speakers really use in real life instead of what they use

  • in textbooks.

  • So I challenge you, after this lesson, try to go around your house and name things.

  • You could even write down a label and put it around if your family members don't mind.

  • This is a great way to expand your vocabulary.

  • So pay attention, make some notes, and let's get started.

  • Welcome to my kitchen.

  • I'm gonna just go around the room, and in fact, I'm gonna go around the kitchen, the

  • living room, the office, the bathroom, and the bedroom.

  • And we're gonna go step-by-step through the different things that I see.

  • I'm gonna name them.

  • If they need any explanation, I'll try to explain them.

  • And I hope that it will be helpful to you as you expand your vocabulary.

  • All right.

  • Let's start with the fridge.

  • Here's the fridge, or you can say refrigerator if you want to be extra intense.

  • But we often just say fridge, pretty simple.

  • On the top, you have the freezer.

  • And my freezer's on top, sometimes freezers are on the bottom, or sometimes it's split

  • down the middle and there's a freezer on one side and a refrigerator, or fridge, on the

  • other side.

  • Mine's just on the bottom.

  • You can see I have a lot of magnets and pictures on my fridge.

  • It's pretty typically.

  • I have some magnets that some YouTube subscribers sent me, some pictures, some magnets that

  • we've picked up as we've traveled.

  • But this is pretty typical that you'll see, some personal mementos on the fridge.

  • Here, we have our dining room table.

  • In the U.S., typically people will have a dining room or maybe their kitchen will be

  • a little bit bigger than mine because we live in an apartment.

  • It's from the 1920s, so actually my apartment and my house is quite different than what

  • you would typically see if you visited someone's house in the U.S. but a lot of the items are

  • the same.

  • So if there's any differences from typical houses in the U.S., I'll try to explain that

  • to you as well.

  • But here, we have the table.

  • Pretty simple.

  • I bet you learned that in your, maybe, first class in English class.

  • We have chairs, we usually call these kitchen chairs or if you have a separate dining room,

  • you can call them dining room chairs.

  • Because we have a one-year-old, you're gonna see a lot of different items around our house

  • that are for our one-year-old.

  • So here, we have his highchair.

  • His high chair attaches to the kitchen chair so it's a little bit different than a standalone

  • highchair, that would be just a separate chair.

  • But we don't have much room in our kitchen, so we have a portable highchair that attaches

  • to a chair.

  • Next, let's move on to this table which is where we cut things and prepare our food.

  • Here, you can see a fruit tray, you might call it different things depending on what

  • region of the U.S. you're from.

  • At the moment, we only have two tangerines on the fruit tray.

  • Typically, we have more.

  • But we also have a coaster.

  • This is where you put your cups or your mugs, usually hot or cold things to keep the table

  • safe.

  • We also have a coffee grinder for grinding beans.

  • And a sippy cup for our baby.

  • And let's move along over here.

  • On this side, we have our cheese grater.

  • This is with a T, even though it sounds like a D. Grater, it's a cheese grater.

  • Our knives.

  • We have some measuring cups in the U.S., we use cups and tablespoons, and teaspoons to

  • measure things.

  • A lot of people have these in plastic, but ours are cute little cats.

  • And here, we have some condiments that we often use when we're cooking, so we have them

  • close by and handy.

  • Oh, we just have honey, some balsamic, some chopsticks, some salt, some olive oil, and

  • of course, you can see my plants, which are not doing too well.

  • I don't have a green thumb, as they say.

  • Our plants often die.

  • So they don't have a good future looking ahead of them.

  • This is our oven where we cook and bake things.

  • Typically, we call the top the stove top or the stove.

  • And there's four burners on this stove top.

  • And we have some knobs for turning on the stove.

  • Inside is the oven.

  • Often, I'll just say the oven to mean the full stove, or this full device.

  • But you can kind of use them interchangeably.

  • Some people are sticklers about that kind of thing.

  • Sticklers means picky, picky about those kind of terms.

  • But, we often say oven, stove for this general device.

  • But technically, the top is the stove and inside is the oven.

  • I have some pots and pans here.

  • There's more under the counter.

  • Here, I have my glass lid because inside I'm making some butternut squash for lunch a little

  • bit later.

  • And my cutting board, I have a couple other cutting boards, but this one is my favorite,

  • so it stays close by and handy.

  • On this side of the kitchen are the oven mitts and our spice rack.

  • Typically, people will say spice rack or spice cabinet is their inside a cabinet.

  • We have, technically, it's a shelf, but we call it the spice rack because all of the

  • spices are there.

  • I also have some tea and some cookbooks and some miscellaneous things on that shelf as

  • well.

  • So this is something that's pretty different from typical houses in the U.S., we have a

  • sink, most places have a sink with a facet, we have the strainer, or colander, usually

  • a strainer for straining pasta or other things that we're washing.

  • But, we didn't have a dishwasher until about one month ago and it's because this is an

  • old apartment, as I mentioned it's from the 1920s, so there's not air conditioning, not

  • regular heating, no dishwasher, no washer or dryer for our clothes.

  • But we decided to buy a, you can see here, table top dishwasher.

  • This is not typical in houses in the U.S., but it's the same idea.

  • Typically, they're under the counter and it's kind of part of the furniture.

  • But you can open the dishwasher and see the dish rack.

  • Here, we have some clean dishes and apparently toys that needed to be cleaned too.

  • So we have the dosh rack and you put your dishes in the dish rack.

  • And up here, I have a small dish rack just for more fragile things like these mugs or

  • these glasses.

  • But you can hand dry things and put them in the rack as well.

  • So, that's just depending on what you have in your house.

  • If you have a dishwasher, or if you need to hand wash things and then put them in the

  • drying rack or in the rack.

  • Above the dishwasher, we have a cabinet where we keep put dry goods.

  • So you can see we have some spices, some popcorn, things for baking, there's some pasta, some

  • kind of leftover, dry goods that we put in there to keep.

  • A lot of people will have what you call a pantry.

  • And a pantry is kind of like a closet where you keep dry goods, but our apartment is pretty

  • small, it's old, we don't have a pantry.

  • So, we just have a cabinet.

  • Beside the dishwasher, we have a toaster oven.

  • And a lot of people will also have a microwave.

  • In fact, I'd say 99% of Americans have a microwave.

  • We just don't have it because we don't have a lot of space, this is an old apartment,

  • like I mentioned.

  • So there's a couple key elements.

  • There's one more key element that you'll not see in our house that I'll mention a little

  • bit later.

  • But, we have a toaster oven, a lot of people will have a regular toaster and it will just

  • have slots.

  • So, we call this the toaster because it's the only one we have.

  • But if you have a toaster with slots and a toaster oven, you probably need to be a little

  • more specific and just say, "Put it in the toaster oven," or, "I put it in the toaster

  • oven," just so people know which one it's in.

  • We have a paper towel rack, this is the paper towel rack, the metal piece.

  • And here are some paper towels for cleaning up things.

  • And we also have a water kettle, a hot water kettle for heating up water.

  • So this is kind of like our little drink station.

  • I have tea things, Dan has some coffee things, we have some dish washing soap.

  • This is where all of those kind of extra kitchen things happen.

  • And finally, it's a little bit awkward for me to show you with the camera because it's

  • a little bit high up so I have to hold the camera myself, but here we have our dishes.

  • So we have big plates, little plates, you might come across some specific words for

  • different sizes of plates.

  • But in reality, we just say big plates, little plates.

  • We have some wine glasses, some regular glasses, tall glasses, short glasses, and bowls.

  • A lot of people have different sizes of bowls or different functions for different bowls.

  • But, we keep it simple, bowls.

  • Up on top, as well, we have some mugs you can see.

  • We have a lot of mugs because I feel like choosing the right mug for that moment is

  • an important part of drinking a hot drink.

  • I have to have the right mug.

  • Do I want the mug with birds on it?

  • Do I want the mug with a rainbow on it?

  • It just depends.

  • And it kind of lends the experience, a richer feeling, I don't know if you feel the same

  • way about the mug that you drink your coffee or your tea out of, but I feel like the mug

  • is important to me.

  • All right, let's go to the next room.

  • When you first come into our house we have a shoe rack where we line up our shoes.

  • And this is typical in some American houses, but in a lot of American houses, people keep

  • their shoes on.

  • For us, we lived in Korea for a couple years, so we got used to taking off our shoes.

  • And we have a sign on the door that says, "Please take off your shoes, we will appreciate

  • it."

  • But, a lot of our friends have never actually looked at the sign.

  • And we don't tell them, "Hey, take off your shoes."

  • We're pretty relaxed when it comes to guests.

  • But for ourselves, we always take off our shoes.

  • If we need to run into the house for something quickly, then it's not a big deal.

  • But, we have a shoe rack so that we can easily take off our shoes and put them away when

  • we come in our house.

  • Welcome to our living room.

  • There is one thing I'm gonna mention about our living room, maybe a couple things, but

  • specifically one thing that you're not gonna see in our living room that's pretty typical,

  • and that's just a TV.

  • You could say television, but we often just say TV.

  • Why don't we have a TV?

  • Well, it was a conscious decision to not have a TV.

  • First of all, because I'm not a big fan of different TV shows and it's just not that

  • enjoyable for me.

  • But also, I feel like I don't wanna just have it on and always be watching.

  • Anyway, we can talk about that another time.

  • But, I want to let you know that it's pretty typical to see a TV in American households

  • in their living room of you could say family room.

  • Some people say main room, some people say den, kind of like a lion's den.

  • This is like a cave, but people say den.

  • I don't know if that's a southern word, but some of my friends in the south say that.

  • But we call this just the living room or the main room.

  • And that's where we spend a lot of our time.

  • On this side of the living room, we have a piano, some shelves for displaying different

  • things.

  • You might hear this called knick-knacks.

  • And that means sometimes sentimental things, sometimes just junk, but for us, we just try

  • to keep only things that matter to us.

  • So we have some sentimental items on our shelves.

  • And on the piano there's some picture frames and another coaster.

  • You might see as well that we have a lot of baby gates everywhere in our living room,

  • it blocks off the full living room.

  • And that's because we have a one-year-old, so it keeps him safe, it keeps us sane, and

  • maybe for you, if you have a baby you also have some baby gates.

  • I highly doubt that you have a tent in your living room, but if you have a baby, if you

  • have a kid that likes to play, maybe you have a tent.

  • So we just have this tent with all of our baby's toys inside and he goes in there and

  • plays and we play with him in there.

  • And it's just part of our living space.

  • Now, let's go onto our bookshelf.

  • Our bookshelf is one of the main items, main pieces of furniture in our living room.

  • We have the bookshelf, the couch, and the piano.

  • Those are kind of the centerpieces of this room.

  • So on our bookshelf, of course, we have books.

  • They are somewhat organized by topic, not so much right now because I just tried to

  • organize them there myself.

  • But, on the bookshelf, we have some speakers, we have some other miscellaneous things up

  • here like our pumpkins that are kind of rotting and we need to get rid of them.

  • On the bottom, we have some toys for our baby.

  • So, the first two shelves are baby things.

  • And then these shelves, that he can't reach, those are for us.

  • So, we