字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Narrator: This bluefin tuna is 363 pounds. It's known as the king of sushi in Japan for its color and texture. Some of the highest-quality bluefin are auctioned for millions of dollars at the Toyosu Market in Tokyo. At almost 4 million square feet, the market is a one-stop shop for fish from all over the world. Here, tuna is sliced, packaged, and sold to high-end clientele and grocery stores alike. But before it's sold, experts must first bid on the top-tier tuna, which can go for millions. In 2019, a Japanese restaurant chain paid over $3 million for a 612-pound tuna. And at the center of this action are expert tuna scouters like Takayuki Shinoda. He's a naka-oroshi, or intermediate wholesaler. His job is to select the best tuna from around the world for his customers. Narrator: But the future of Takayuki's job is in jeopardy. The population of bluefin tuna is down 97% over the last decade, which means there will be less of a need for naka-oroshi like Takayuki. Narrator: Takayuki has been a naka-oroshi for 30 years. Narrator: For him, work starts at 4:30 a.m. At Toyosu Market, there's no such thing as a normal business day. Octopus and squid arrive a day earlier. Fresh fish like horse mackerel and sardines come in before midnight. And truckloads of tuna are dropped off every hour. Narrator: That's almost $13 million. And tuna is the market's most popular product. Each day, the fish make their way from the boat decks to the auction floor. But it's more than just the type of tuna you find in a can. There's bigeye tuna, ideal for sushi and sashimi, yellowfin tuna, perfect for grilling at restaurants due to its high fat content, but most bidders are here for the bluefin. Between 3 and 5 a.m., wholesale employees lay out tuna one by one. Bidders like Takayuki have about 15 minutes to evaluate dozens of fresh tuna before the auction begins. Sushi restaurants, supermarkets, and department stores all depend on naka-oroshi like him. Takayuki looks at the quality and cost. Narrator: Any sort of nick or flesh wound can lower the price by thousands of dollars. When tuna is reeled in, it can wriggle and writhe, causing a chemical reaction in the muscles. The movement speeds up decomposition and makes tuna sour, soggy, and less tasty. Narrator: When the bell rings, the bidding begins. A range of hand signals, known as teyari, are used to place bids. An index finger for one and two fingers for two. But whether that's 1,100 yen a pound or 12,000 depends on the type of fish being auctioned. In just 10 minutes, the auction's over, and winning bidders claim their prizes. Narrator: The tuna then makes its way from the auction floor to the intermediate wholesale building for filleting. Toyosu keeps the temperature between 50.9 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit to slow decomposition. Wholesalers also rely on a fleet of small trucks known as turrets. They zip through winding corridors to minimize how long the fish are exposed to air. Narrator: The Ishiji team works as a unit to move the heavy tuna onto the cutting table. To prepare the tuna for cutting, first they wash it, then remove the ice. Narrator: Most of Takayuki's high-end customers care about two things when it comes to raw bluefin tuna: color and taste. Narrator: It's then brought inside the shop, where it's divided and filleted. Customers show up early to get the first pick. Narrator: Not a single part of the tuna is wasted. Even its eyes. Narrator: Customers have relied on the market's high-quality fish products for decades. Before the market moved to its new location and was renamed Toyosu, it was known as the Tsukiji market. Narrator: Tsukiji was the epicenter of seafood. Its success spurred demand for all types of fish. Fishing for bluefin tuna in the Western Atlantic rose by over 2,000% in 1970. But it was difficult for the market to keep up. Narrator: Meanwhile, Japanese tuna consumption was growing significantly. Narrator: Japan has since placed a quota on the number of bluefin tuna caught. But it's a double-edged sword for wholesalers like Takayuki.