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  • Everyone has heard of Air Force One, the president's plane,

  • and Marine One, the president's chopper.

  • But few have heard of Cadillac One, the president's limo.

  • It's a pretty nice ride that's capable

  • of transporting and protecting the president,

  • letting the president work undisturbed, and if necessary,

  • allowing the president to unleash nuclear hell.

  • Today, we're going to take a look at some fascinating facts

  • about the president's limo.

  • But before we get started, be sure to subscribe to the Weird

  • History Channel and let us know in the comments below what

  • other historical transportation you would like to hear about.

  • OK, let's jump in and take this baby for a spin.

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • The first president to ride in a car

  • was William McKinley, all the way back in 1900.

  • The car was a Stanley Steamer invented

  • by FO Stanley who had to reassure

  • the nervous McKinley that the machine was safe to ride in.

  • McKinley hated the experience and later confided in a friend

  • that he felt like the car might explode at any minute

  • or that the driver might lose control.

  • He also called Stanley overoptimistic for thinking

  • that cars would ever replace horses.

  • Despite McKinley's reaction, US presidents ever since

  • have been early adopters of automobile technology.

  • Howard Taft was the first president

  • to regularly use motor transportation as opposed

  • to horse drawn carriages.

  • And successive presidents have had more and more

  • monstrous state cars.

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • Barack Obama's presidential state car

  • was an armored Cadillac DTS known as the Beast.

  • The exact details of the wait and outfitting of Obama's limo

  • were closely guarded secrets, but the car

  • was thought to be about 18 feet long

  • and weighed around 7 and 1/2 tons.

  • Its speed was also classified and it's

  • been speculated that the car got about eight miles

  • to the gallon.

  • Not exactly saving the planet, but it wasn't really designed

  • for fuel efficiency.

  • President Trump's limo, while being

  • a newer model than Obama's, is also called The Beast.

  • It's believed The Beast II's weight is about 20,000 pounds

  • and is protected by a mix of aluminum, steel,

  • and ceramic armors, and has walls

  • that are about 8 inches thick.

  • Both Beasts were designed to keep the respective presidents

  • safe from a variety of attacks, and in the modern era,

  • that's no easy task.

  • A United States president can face threats from everything

  • from handguns to grenades to missiles.

  • Moreover, the limo was also meant

  • to serve as a mobile command center in the event

  • that the White House has to be evacuated.

  • While the details of both Beasts are classified,

  • one of the most speculated about features

  • is a reinforced 5 inch steel plate

  • said to run underneath the car.

  • This innovation protects the president and the event

  • that a bomb is placed under the car,

  • a grenade rolls under the car, or the car

  • rolls over a landmine, or you hit a really, really deep

  • pothole.

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • Given how important the president is,

  • the Secret Service has to anticipate

  • every conceivable type of threat when figuring out

  • how to keep the president safe.

  • This includes the possibility of a gas attack.

  • To defend against such threats, the main cabin of both Beasts

  • were designed to completely seal themselves

  • when the doors were closed.

  • This means poison gas or nerve agents can't get in.

  • The limos also have their own filtration systems

  • to ensure clean air is always being pumped to the president.

  • It's believed that both Beasts had

  • doors as heavy as the ones found on a 757 airliner.

  • These doors feature bulletproof glass windows

  • that are around 5 inches thick and are

  • covered in over 8 inches of armor plating.

  • Standard options might be good for your average car buyer,

  • but the President of the United States

  • usually requires the premium package.

  • This can even apply to details as seemingly innocuous

  • as the door handles.

  • The standard Cadillac DTS door handles

  • were actually replaced on the Beast

  • with special loops that allow the Secret Service

  • agents to run alongside the car while holding on.

  • They're also easier to grab and open in an emergency,

  • providing of course that the driver or president hasn't

  • locked the car from the inside.

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • If an attacker could stop the limo,

  • the president would be a sitting duck.

  • So in the event of an attack, the limo

  • must keep moving no matter what.

  • To that end, the Beast's tires are heavily

  • protected from puncture or flattening.

  • In fact, the limo has special wheels

  • that are Kevlar reinforced.

  • These super tires can resist shred, puncture, and just about

  • everything else.

  • Even better, if something does manage to blow out the tires,

  • all isn't lost.

  • Why?

  • Because the Beast can drive short distances

  • on just its steel rims, thanks to special run flat devices.

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • If there's one thing experience has made the Secret

  • Service paranoid about, it's the risk

  • of someone shooting as the president passes

  • by in the presidential limo.

  • Therefore, the windows on the Beast

  • are reportedly 5 to 6 inches thick, bombproof,

  • and capable of withstanding armor piercing bullets.

  • Moreover, they're mostly just for show.

  • The driver's window is the only one that actually opens,

  • and not even all the way.

  • It only cracks open about two or three quarters inches.

  • Why even bother?

  • Well, it's so the driver can speak with Secret Service

  • agents outside the vehicle.

  • Another event the president's ride is designed for

  • is an attack on its fuel tank.

  • After all, if an assassin could ignite the fuel in the tank,

  • president might meet a crispy end.

  • To guard against this the limos fuel tank

  • is armor plated to help repel bullets.

  • As a second line of defense, the lining of the tank

  • is filled with a special foam that

  • prevents it from exploding, even if it sustains a direct hit.

  • This is the same technology race cars

  • used to keep their gas tanks from exploding in a collision.

  • Let's say you're the president and you

  • want to have an awesome tailgate party.

  • Well, I've got some bad news.

  • Because while the Beast does have a trunk,

  • it's designed to hold something very specific.

  • The trunk of a Cadillac One is actually

  • said to house an emergency oxygen

  • supply, along with some basic firefighting equipment.

  • It's also rumored that the trunk holds bottles of blood that

  • match the president's blood type in case

  • an emergency transfusion is needed.

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • The Beast is a very important vehicle,

  • but the truth is, it's not really a single vehicle at all.

  • It's actually more of a fleet.

  • There are likely 12 different armored Cadillacs

  • that serve as the presidential state car.

  • Each car is completely identical and the system

  • that determines which Beast is used

  • when is kept highly classified.

  • In fact, in order to help keep would-be attackers ,

  • guessing there's always another Beast around whenever

  • the president is traveling, usually somewhere else

  • in the presidential motorcade.

  • Like everything else about Cadillac One,

  • its special features are classified.

  • But rumor has it that the car comes

  • equipped with its own night vision

  • camera to be used in case of a blackout.

  • The limo was also armed with tear

  • gas cannons capable of dispersing a hostile crowd

  • and pump action shotguns for close quarters defense.

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • Cadillac One is known to seat seven people,

  • including a driver and Secret Service agent up front.

  • In the back, the president sits facing forward,

  • while any guests sit facing toward him.

  • The president also has an array of defensive measures

  • available, including a glass partition to the driver

  • that only he can open and a panic

  • button for summoning help.

  • Like Air Force One, the Beast allows the president

  • to do his work even while he's on the road.

  • The president can stay connected safely

  • on a foldaway desk that includes a laptop

  • with secure Wi-Fi capabilities, as well as a satellite

  • phone with a direct line to the Pentagon and the vice

  • president.

  • The state of the art communications equipment

  • in the car is actually maintained directly

  • by the White House communications agency.

  • You ever want to launch a nuclear missile at a guy who

  • cut you off in traffic?

  • Well, if you're president of the United States,

  • it's an option, kind of.

  • But should the unthinkable happen

  • in a nuclear war breaks out while the president is

  • in the Beast, it has everything that's

  • needed to make a full response right there.

  • The president's motorcade always includes a vehicle known

  • as the Roadrunner or the MC2V.

  • This car carries equipment that links the limousine control

  • package, which allows the president

  • to conduct command and control functions, to a Defense

  • Department satellite.

  • Through this satellite, the president

  • can send and receive emergency action messages

  • through a special channel.

  • Long and kind of boring story short,

  • this allows the president to authorize and direct

  • a nuclear weapon release.

  • That's a new level of road rage.

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • So if you're watching this video and thinking to yourself

  • that driving the presidential limo sounds like a job for you,

  • well, it's not an easy gig get.

  • First off, you have to be a Secret Service agent.

  • And not just any run of the mill Secret Service agent either.

  • The driver of the presidential limo has to be trained in CPR

  • and have specialized training in evasive driving techniques,

  • including the legendary J-turn.

  • Also known as the moonshiners turn

  • because it's based on a signature bootlegger driving

  • maneuver, the turn can flip the car

  • 180 degrees while the driver guns the engine

  • at the same time.

  • Just as the president has a personal airplane,

  • the president's car also has its own plane.

  • Why?

  • Well, because it has to.

  • Nothing else can carry it.

  • Whenever the president flies anywhere,

  • the two limos that go with him, as well as the other motorcade

  • vehicles, are fit into a specially designed C17

  • Globemaster III aircraft.

  • We're not sure if the limos get an in-flight movie.

  • After hearing all this information

  • about the president's limo, you might

  • be wondering if you could pick one up for yourself.

  • Well, you can't.

  • They're specially made for the president.

  • And even if you could, you probably can't afford one.

  • Each beast reportedly cost somewhere

  • in the area of $1.5 million to build and maintain.

  • Of course, as with everything else related to Cadillac One,

  • the exact price is actually a closely guarded secret.

  • At $1.5 million a car, you'd probably

  • expect the presidential limo to function

  • like a well oiled machine, and the vast majority of the time

  • the complex machine known as Cadillac

  • One functions smoothly.

  • But when it doesn't, it tends to make the news.

  • This usually happens because the Beast

  • has terrible maneuverability.

  • It can struggle with narrow roads overseas.

  • It had trouble parking in London in 2009,

  • appeared to get stuck on a ramp during the president's 2011

  • visit to Ireland, and broke down completely in Israel in 2013.

  • However, each time the president was

  • moved to the back up limo