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  • What is Ontology? Let me give you a general introduction to the word and the concept.

  • The word itself comes from two Greek words namely: "Onto," which means existence or being

  • real, and "Logia" which means science, or study.

  • The word Ontology is used both in a philosophical context and a non-philosophical context.

  • Let's start with the former. Ontology in a philosophical context, well it's basically the study of

  • what exists, what is being real, what is real.

  • And examples of Philosophical Ontology questions could be - What are the fundamental parts of

  • the world and how are they related to each other? Are physical parts more real than immaterial

  • concepts; for example, are physical objects such as shoes more real than the concept of walking?

  • And in terms of what exists, what is the relationship between shoes and walking?

  • And why is Ontology important in philosophy? Well, philosophers use this concept of Ontology

  • to discuss questions, to build theories and models, and to consequently better understand the

  • Ontological status of the world.

  • And over time there has been two major branches:

  • Ontological Materialism and Ontological Idealism.

  • Materialism from a philosophical perspective is the belief that material things are just particles,

  • chemical processes, and energy are more real than, for example, the human mind. So, the overall

  • belief within Ontological Materialism is that reality of exists regardless of a human observer.

  • In Ontological Idealism, on the other hand, the belief is that immaterial phenomenon, such as the

  • human mind and the consciousness are more real than the material things. And the belief here is

  • that the reality is constructed in the mind of the observer.

  • Moving on, I told you this is just a general introduction to the concept.

  • In a non- philosophical context, Ontology is used in a different, more narrow meaning. Here

  • Ontology is the description of what exists specifically within a determined field.

  • For example, every part that exists within a specific information system and this includes the

  • relationship and hierarchy between these parts.

  • And, unlike the philosophers, these researchers are not primarily interested in discussing if these

  • things are the true essence or core of the system. And, nor are they discussing if the parts within

  • the system are more real, compared to the processes that take place within the system. Rather,

  • they are focused on naming parts and processes and

  • grouping similar ones together within categories.

  • So, here are some more examples of the use of Ontology outside philosophy. It's also used in

  • Social Ontology; here the idea is to describe society and the difference parts and processes

  • within society. And the purpose of Social Ontology then could be to simply understand and

  • describe the underlying structures that affect individuals and groups.

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What is Ontology? Let me give you a general introduction to the word and the concept.


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オントロジーとは?言葉と概念の紹介 (What is ontology? Introduction to the word and the concept)

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    Precious Annie Liao に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日