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  • Hi. Welcome again to engvid.com.

  • I'm Adam. Today we're going to look at something that I know students sometimes get

  • confused about. First of all, students ask me all the time,

  • 'What is the subjunctive, the subjunctive voice in grammar?' First of all let me tell

  • you there are two different - or three even - different ways of looking at

  • the subjunctive. Usually people think, "The doctor recommended he go to hospital".

  • That is one example of the subjunctive.

  • What I want to look at today is the word "wish",

  • the verb "to wish", and how it is used,

  • because this is sometimes very confusing to students.

  • So, here I have a few examples of how to use the verb "wish".

  • "I wish I were rich." "He wishes he were taller." So,

  • the first thing you notice, I'm using "were",

  • not "was". Now, why? Because.

  • I'm sorry to say it like that,

  • but that's how it is.

  • Always use "were". Never use "was".

  • I, you, he, she, it, they,

  • we, "were", always. "I wish it would rain",

  • now here we're talking about an action verb,

  • "rain", like, "to come down", "rain",

  • so we use "would". "Bill Clinton wishes Hillary would be President".

  • Notice the capital P because President is a title here.

  • It's specific. So, this is called the subjunctive voice.

  • What we are talking about when we use the verb "wish" is a hypothetical.

  • What does hypothetical mean? Hypothetical means imaginary.

  • It's not real. So, anytime we use the verb "wish",

  • we're talking about something that isn't true and can't be true.

  • If it can be true, you'll probably use the word "hope",

  • but that's another story. So, how do we construct this? How do we set up

  • sentences? I'm going to write this down for you in a second and we'll look

  • at how to do this.

  • First, let's look at how we construct a sentence using "wish".

  • We begin with our subject, of course,

  • our verb "wish", and then we always have to remember to go one tense back.

  • What does that mean? If you have a present tense verb in the real situation,

  • when you talk about "wish", you talk about simple past.

  • If the real situation is simple past,

  • the "wish" would be past perfect,

  • because it's two pasts back.

  • Future, again, would become "would".

  • Let's look at these examples.

  • "Right now, I am not rich." This is the real situation.

  • This is the fact. So, "I wish I were rich".

  • The "am" present becomes "were" past.

  • Again, remember, always "were", never "was".

  • That's the main thing to remember with "wish".

  • High school, "I didn't study hard in high school.

  • I was a very bad student." You are a very good student.

  • That's why you come here, right? I didn't study hard in high school,

  • so "I wish I had studied harder",

  • simple past, past perfect. I go one step back.

  • "It will by dry tomorrow", like,

  • "The air will be very dry,

  • sunny, hot, etc." Two ways that I can speak about it.

  • I can wish it would rain.

  • I can use the action verb,

  • but the "will" becomes "would".

  • Or "I wish it would be rainy tomorrow." If I want to maintain the "be"

  • verb, I still use the "would".

  • I just add the "be", go to the adjective "rainy",

  • and talk about the hypothetical situation.

  • So, again, two very important things to remember about using "wish".

  • One, anything you say with the "wish" verb is not real.

  • Two, anything you say with the "wish" verb you're going back one tense from the

  • real situation, and always remember "were" not "was".

  • That's the main thing. So some of you will be taking whatever test,

  • you're taking, IELTS, TOEFL, etc.

  • - TOEIC. The subjunctive, this is a very common question on any test that has

  • a grammar section. It's almost guaranteed you'll have one question about "wish",

  • and this especially is what they will be testing you on,

  • the "were" not the "was".

  • Now, many native speakers will say,

  • "I wish I was rich." You know what? That's okay for them to say.

  • They're native English speakers. It's not correct.

  • You want to be correct, you will say "were".

  • If you're not exactly clear about all this,

  • go to engvid.com. There's a quiz.

  • You can have more examples and test yourself and ask questions there.

  • See you soon. Thanks.

Hi. Welcome again to engvid.com.

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A2 初級

英文法 - "I wish..."- 仮定法 (English Grammar - "I wish..." - Subjunctive)

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    黃彰衍 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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