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  • - I am running.

  • I'm running.

  • I am jumping.

  • I'm jumping.

  • I am walking.

  • I'm walking.

  • Hi, Bob, the Canadian here.

  • Welcome to this English lesson

  • where I'm going to help you learn the English tense

  • called the present continuous.

  • That's where you use sentences like this:

  • I am making a video.

  • You are watching a video.

  • I am teaching you English.

  • You are learning English.

  • I am speaking.

  • You are listening.

  • We'll look at how to form the present continuous.

  • We'll look at how to use contractions

  • when using the present continuous.

  • And then I'll show you when you are supposed

  • to use this tense when you're speaking the English language.

  • (acoustic guitar music)

  • So there's two things you need to know

  • when you are forming the present continuous.

  • The first thing you need to know is the present simple form

  • of the verb to be, or the simple present,

  • it has two names, and that looks like this.

  • You would say things like: I am, you are, he is, she is,

  • we are, or they are.

  • But we don't actually use those forms

  • when we are using the present continuous in English speech.

  • We use the contracted forms.

  • We use the contractions.

  • So instead of saying, I am, we would say, I'm.

  • We would say, you're, instead of you are.

  • We would say, he's or she's

  • instead of, he is and she is.

  • And we would say, we're instead of we are.

  • And we would say, they're instead of they are.

  • So when you use the present continuous in writing,

  • you are most likely going to use the uncontracted form.

  • But when you use it in everyday speech,

  • you're most likely going to use the contracted form.

  • So that means a sentence like, I am making a video,

  • would actually be, I'm making a video.

  • We don't often in spoken everyday English

  • say things like, I am making a video.

  • It sounds kind of odd.

  • It's not incorrect,

  • but we would most likely say, I'm making a video.

  • When I say, you are watching a video,

  • it still sounds a little strange to my ear.

  • Again, it's correct,

  • but we would most likely say, you're watching a video.

  • So I'm making a video and you're watching a video.

  • Once you have the verb to be correctly conjugated,

  • in most cases, you simply take the verb you want to use

  • and add ING to the end.

  • So if you want it to use the verb, read,

  • you would say, I'm reading.

  • You need to be careful though

  • because there are some exceptions.

  • There are some verbs that are a little bit irregular.

  • If you look at the verb, to run,

  • you'll notice that when I say I'm running...

  • I'm running.

  • I've added another N.

  • If you look at the verb, to sit,

  • you would say, I'm sitting.

  • Notice I've added extra T.

  • So there are some verbs that have little rules

  • that you need to memorize.

  • If you look at the verb, to write,

  • you'll notice that you drop the E

  • and you add ING to say, I'm writing.

  • So be careful.

  • You need to memorize and learn which verbs

  • are slightly irregular,

  • but in most situations you will simply

  • be adding ING to the verb.

  • So when do you use the present continuous?

  • Well, the first situation where you would use

  • the present continuous is to describe the things

  • that you are doing right now.

  • So, I'm sitting on a chair.

  • I'm running on the spot.

  • I'm hopping.

  • So when you want to describe things that you are doing

  • in the moment, things that you are doing right now,

  • you would use the present continuous.

  • The second situation where you would use

  • the present continuous is to talk about things

  • that you are currently doing in your life.

  • Let me give you some questions and answers.

  • And I think that will help you understand.

  • If my son who is in university was talking to my mum,

  • my mum could say, "What are you studying?"

  • And my son could say, "I'm studying accounting."

  • So he's not in that moment

  • sitting with his accounting book open,

  • he's having a conversation with my mum.

  • But he's talking about something that he's doing.

  • If my mom asked my other son,

  • "Do you have your driver's license?"

  • My son could reply and say, "No, I'm learning to drive."

  • So he's talking about something he's doing in his life.

  • He's not doing it right at that moment

  • but he's in the process of doing it.

  • So the second situation where you would use

  • the present continuous is to talk about something

  • that you're doing in your life.

  • The third situation where you can use

  • the present continuous is a little bit strange,

  • because you can use it to talk about the future.

  • You can use it to talk about an event in the future

  • that's already planned.

  • So you can say things like this:

  • I'm going to Toronto this weekend.

  • You can say things like, I'm visiting my mom on Friday.

  • So if you have an event in the future and it is planned,

  • you can use the present continuous to talk about it.

  • Next fall, Jen and I are going to Toronto.

  • Next weekend, I'm going to my mom's house.

  • So it seems a little strange,

  • and if you're not comfortable using the present continuous,

  • you can use one of the future tenses.

  • You can say, I will be visiting my mum,

  • or I will be going to Toronto.

  • Those are fine as well.

  • But the third situation where you can use

  • the present continuous

  • is to talk about a planned event in the future.

  • I'm not sitting.

  • And now I'm not standing.

  • Did you know I was sitting on a stool?

  • Maybe you didn't.

  • But anyways, you'll notice I used the negative form

  • of the present continuous.

  • I said, "I'm not sitting."

  • And then I said, "I'm not standing."

  • In order to create the negative,

  • you simply add the word, not, between the to be form

  • of the verb and the ING form.

  • So you say things like, I'm not sitting,

  • I'm not standing, I'm not walking, I'm not running.

  • In English, it's very common to ask questions

  • using the present continuous.

  • But when we do that,

  • we usually invert the to be verb and the subject.

  • So we say things like this:

  • Are you learning English?

  • The response would be, I'm learning English.

  • Are you having fun?

  • The response would be, yes, I'm having fun.

  • So when you ask a question using the present continuous,

  • make sure you remember to invert

  • the beginning of the sentence.

  • So I hope you are having fun.

  • Are you having fun?

  • One of the best ways to practice the present continuous

  • is to do what I call narrate your life.

  • This means you say out loud or in your mind

  • what you are doing as you go through your day.

  • So you would do things like this.

  • You would say, I'm driving my car, I'm going to work,

  • I'm eating my lunch, I'm playing the piano, I'm watching TV.

  • If you can start to use the present continuous

  • to describe either out loud or in your mind

  • the things that you are doing,

  • it will really help you learn this verb conjugation,

  • and you'll have it down pat.

  • Anyway, it's Bob the Canadian here.

  • Thank you so much again for watching this lesson.

  • If this is your first time here,

  • don't forget to click this red subscribe button.

  • And if everyone could give me a thumbs up,

  • that would be amazing.

  • And if you have a little bit more time,

  • why don't you stick around and watch another English lesson?

  • (upbeat music)

- I am running.

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A2 初級

英語時制を学ぶ 現在進行形 (Learn English Tenses The Present Continuous)

  • 18 2
    洪子雯 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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