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  • Hi, I'm Stephanie.

  • Welcome to Oxford Online English!

  • In this lesson, you can learn to talk about lifestyle and health in English.

  • Are you in good shape?

  • Do you have a balanced diet?

  • Is your work-life balance healthy?

  • You'll learn how to discuss these and other questions in this class.

  • Before we start, you should take a look at our website: Oxford Online English dot com.

  • You can find all our free English lessons there.

  • Are you watching on YouTube?

  • If so, we have free listening lessons, including vocabulary notes and quizzes to practice.

  • Of course you can also take classes from one of our teachers if you need more help with

  • your English.

  • Oxford Online English dot com.

  • What's in this box?

  • It's so heavy!

  • I ordered some kettlebells.

  • Kettlebells?

  • What for?

  • I've decided to start working out.

  • You?

  • I never imagined you being a fitness enthusiast.

  • I'm not, but I realised the other day that I'm incredibly out of shape.

  • I was running to catch the bus, and I was so out of breath.

  • I didn't even run that far!

  • I think my lifestyle has got more and more sedentary, plus I'm getting a bit flabby.

  • Well, good for you!

  • So, what's your workout routine going to be?

  • I'm not sure.

  • I want to do a little bit of weight training, and maybe some running, and just get a bit

  • fitter generally.

  • It's difficult at the moment, though.

  • I tried to run 1k yesterday, and I just couldn't.

  • Don't give up!

  • Doing anything is better than doing nothing.

  • If you keep trying, it'll get easier.

  • You think?

  • Sure.

  • When I started running, it was really difficult, but after a month, I could do 5k.

  • Not fast, but still, I could do it.

  • Oh?

  • 5k?

  • That seems impossible right now.

  • I guess it's something to aim for, though.

  • Go for it!

  • In the dialogue, you heard some words relating to fitness and exercise.

  • We have a challenge for you.

  • Look at definitions of three words.

  • Can you remember the words and phrases which match these definitions?

  • If you want, you can go back and review the dialogue, and try to find them.

  • Here are the answers.

  • 'Work out' can include many different types of exercise, but it's mostly used

  • for focused training, for example using weights or doing aerobics.

  • Generally, when you use the verb 'work out', you mean that you follow a routine of different

  • exercises.

  • Nowadays, many of us have *sedentary* lifestyles.

  • 'Sedentary' is in the same word family as the verb 'sit'.

  • If you're sedentary, you spend most of your time sitting down.

  • If someone doesn't do much exercise, you can describe them as 'unfit', 'out of

  • shape' or 'in bad shape'.

  • Be careful: you can use these to describe yourself, but they could be rude if you use

  • them to describe someone else.

  • All these words have direct opposites: unfit, fit; out of shape, in shape; in bad shape,

  • in good shape.

  • What about you?

  • Do you work out?

  • What do you do?

  • What can you do to avoid being sedentary if you have an office job?

  • What's the best exercise for someone who's out of shape?

  • Think about how to answer these questions.

  • Pause the video and try to answer them out loud.

  • Ready?

  • Let's look at our next point.

  • I'm hungry.

  • Shall we order?

  • Pizza?

  • No, not for me.

  • I'm on a diet.

  • Really?

  • How come?

  • I've just been eating really badly lately.

  • I'm not trying to lose weight; I just want to eat more healthily.

  • It's nothing drastic; I'm just trying to stay off junk food, fried food, get my

  • five a day, and so on.

  • Yeah, I should probably think about that, too.

  • I eat a lot of takeaways and packaged food, and I definitely don't eat enough fruit

  • and vegetables.

  • I doubt it's good for me.

  • I can never stick to a diet, though.

  • I know what you mean.

  • I think it's better to make small changes.

  • That way, you don't have to think about it too much.

  • True, but I have such a sweet tooth.

  • I find it really hard to resist anything sweet: cakes, chocolate, biscuits

  • If someone offers something like that to me, I can't say no.

  • Another tip that someone told me which works well: plan your meals in advance.

  • It works for me, at least.

  • That's a good idea.

  • Let's look at some sentences you heard.

  • Can you remember or guess the missing words?

  • Think about it for a moment!

  • Could you do it?

  • Let's check.

  • Next, what do these key words and phrases mean?

  • If you're overweight, you might try to lose weight.

  • The opposite is 'put on weight', meaning to get heavier or fatter.

  • You can also say 'gain weight'.

  • 'Stay off' means something like 'avoid'.

  • It's often used to talk about bad habits that you're trying to give up.

  • So, you might say 'I'm trying to stay off sweet food', or 'I'm trying to stay

  • off cigarettes', or 'I'm trying to stay off Netflix'.

  • 'Five a day' refers to eating fruit and vegetables.

  • In many countries, health advice is to eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables

  • a day.

  • It's often used with the verb 'get', as in 'I don't always get my five a day',

  • meaning that I don't always eat enough fruit and vegetables.

  • If you stick to something, you continue doing it.

  • It's often used to talk about good habits.

  • So, if you stick to a diet or an exercise routine, then you do it regularly and don't

  • give up.

  • Finally, if you have a sweet tooth, you

  • Wait, can you guess?

  • What do you think this means?

  • It means you like sweet food very much.

  • There are many other useful words and phrases in the dialogue, so we recommend watching

  • it again and finding vocabulary you could use.

  • Can you use the language from the dialogue to talk about your diet and eating habits?

  • Try it!

  • Beer?

  • Oh, no thanks.

  • I'm trying to cut down.

  • Really?

  • I didn't think you were a big drinker.

  • I'm not, but I'm trying to quit smoking.

  • I've tried five times, and this time I'm determined to make it stick.

  • I associate smoking with drinking, so I feel like it's easier not to drink, too.

  • That makes sense.

  • I've heard a lot of people say similar things.

  • So, how's it going?

  • It's been two weeks, which is pretty good.

  • I still get cravings but they're not as strong as they were.

  • I feel much better already, though.

  • I guess I'm lucky that I've never been tempted by smoking.

  • Coffee is my vice.

  • I've tried to cut down, but I could never give it up completely.

  • Well, coffee's not so bad, in moderation.

  • Yeah

  • Does six cups a day count as 'moderation'?

  • Hmm

  • In the dialogue, we were talking about bad habits.

  • Let's look at some key language which you heard.

  • Imagine you want to explain these words to someone who doesn't know them.

  • Could you do it?

  • What would you say?

  • Pause the video and try it now.

  • Explain these words in English, and give examples.

  • Could you do it?

  • Let's check together.

  • 'Cut down' means to do something less than before.

  • For example, if you cut down on sugar, then you try to eat less.

  • It doesn't mean you give it up completely.

  • 'A big drinker' means someone who drinks a lot of alcohol.

  • You can use 'big' in this way with other things, too.

  • For example: 'a big smoker' or 'a big eater'.

  • A 'craving' is a very strong desire for something.

  • It's often used to talk about addictions.

  • For example, if you smoke, and then you stop, you'll probably feel cravings – a strong

  • urge to smoke.

  • A 'vice' is a bad habit.

  • If you say 'coffee is my vice', you mean that you probably drink too much coffee.

  • 'Vice' literally means something immoral, so it has a strong meaning, but it's often

  • used ironically or in a slightly joking way.

  • Finally, if you do something in moderation, you don't do it too much.

  • For example, if you drink coffee in moderation, maybe you drink one or two cups a day.

  • Could you use this language to talk about your life?

  • Do you have any bad habits?

  • Are you trying to cut down on anything at the moment?

  • Pause the video and try to make two or three sentencesor more if you can! – and

  • say them out loud.

  • When you're making an answer like this, don't forget to repeat

  • it several times, until you can speak fluently.

  • OK?

  • Let's look at one more topic.

  • You seem a bit down.

  • Everything OK?

  • Urgh

  • I have too much work!

  • You always say that.

  • Yes, but I'm really under a lot of pressure right now.

  • I feel stressed all the time, and I have no time for myself.

  • That doesn't sound healthy.

  • You can't just work all day every day.

  • You'll burn out eventually.

  • I know, but what can I do?

  • Every week there are deadlines, calls, meetings, problems

  • It never stops.

  • I don't know, but I think work-life balance is really important.

  • Since I moved companies two years ago, I make a lot less money, but I'm much happier.

  • I don't regret it.

  • You only get one life; you can't spend it all in the office.

  • You think I need to change jobs?

  • I don't know, but I think you need to have time and energy for your personal life.

  • Otherwise, it's difficult to feel good about life.

  • Let's start with an important point which English learners often make mistakes with;

  • look at one of the first phrases from the dialogue.

  • Now, look at another sentence.

  • What's the difference?

  • 'A lot' is just a fact.

  • If you have a lot of work, you have a large quantity of work.

  • Pretty simple.

  • 'Too much' is different, because it also expresses an opinion.

  • If you have too much work, then you have a lot of work, *and* you aren't happy about

  • it.

  • Maybe it's making you stressed, or you don't have time for anything else

  • This is true generally.

  • Whenever you use the word 'too', you're expressing a negative opinion about something.

  • Remember this; although it might seem like a small difference, it's important.

  • So, let's think about some questions.

  • Think about how you could answer these.

  • Pause the video if you need some time to think.

  • Of course, there are many possible answers, but let's see one example for each.

  • Do you have a good work-life balance?

  • Yes, pretty good in general.

  • I work hard, but I make sure I stop at six o'clock at the latest, and I don't take

  • work home with me or work at the weekends.

  • If you work too hard, you'll feel stressed and miserable, and you won't have time or

  • energy for other important parts of your life.

  • I think it's good to have a fixed routine, so you start and finish, and take breaks,

  • at the same time every day.

  • Also, it's important to say 'no' to other people sometimes, so that you don't

  • have too much to do.

  • What about you?

  • Were your answers similar?

  • If you want, you can share your answers to these questions in the comments.

  • That's the end.

  • Thanks for watching!

  • See you next time!

Hi, I'm Stephanie.

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A2 初級

英語で健康についてライフスタイルを語る-英会話レッスン (Talk About Health an Lifestyle in English - Spoken English Lesson)

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    Courage に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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