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  • Will a vaccine turn the tide in the international fight against the coronavirus?


  • And will people get the shot when it becomes available?


  • I'm Carl Azuz, and those are two of the questions we're exploring today on CNN 10.

    私カール・アズスが、この 2 点について今日の CNN 10 でお届けしていきます。

  • Since coronavirus started spreading around the world in early January, scientists have been trying to find a way to stop it.

    コロナウイルスが 1 月初めに世界中に広がり出して以降、科学者たちはなんとか拡散を食い止めようと知恵を絞ってきました。

  • Some existing medicines have shown promise in treating patients, and researchers are racing to develop new vaccines to try to prevent people from catching COVID-19.

    既存の薬の中にも可能性があるものがいくつか出てきましたし、Covid-19 の感染を防ぐための新しいワクチンの開発にも労力が注がれています。

  • There are now more than 100 vaccines being researched worldwide.

    これまでに世界中で 100 種類以上のワクチンがテストされ、

  • And in less than two weeks, the nation of Russia plans to approve the world's first coronavirus vaccine.

    2 週間以内に、ロシアが世界初のコロナウイルスワクチンを認定する動きでいます。

  • It wants to start mass producing two of them in September and October.

    9 月と 10 月に 2 種類を大量生産する予定でいますが、

  • A Russian officials says the country's focus wasn't on being the first, but on protecting people.


  • There are concerns, though, about the drug's safety and effectiveness, and whether Russia has carried out enough testing on people.


  • Safety and effectiveness are concerns about any vaccines.


  • What's unique about the ones being tested for coronavirus is how fast they're being developed.


  • Doctors say it takes several years from a common vaccine to go from development to when you can get a shot in a doctor's office.


  • But researchers are trying to make this happen for a coronavirus injection within a matter of months.


  • When it comes to the flu vaccine, scientists say it's our best protection against seasonal influenza.


  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control estimates it's between 40 and 60 percent effective at preventing doctor visits for the flu.

    アメリカ疾病予防管理センターは、具体的な数字としてインフルエンザ予防には 40~60 % の効果があると推測しますが、

  • And that's in a year when the shot is a good match for the viruses that are going around.


  • It's hard to say at this point what kind of lasting protection a coronavirus vaccine might provide.


  • Still, developing one is an international priority.


  • It's what millions of us have been hanging our hopes on, to get past this crushing pandemic, to return to work, to school, to go back to our favorite restaurants, to workout at the gym.


  • A deployable vaccine for coronavirus, which experts say could arrive late this year or early next.


  • But experts are now worried that when it comes, many Americans will reject the vaccine.


  • Already, surveys are showing us that nearly half of people are not inclined to take a COVID-19 vaccine, even if it was available today.

    もし今日 Covid-19 ワクチンが接種可能だとしても、アンケートを取ったうちほぼ半分は受けたくはないと考えていることが分かっています。

  • That's a shocking number, and it's deeply concerning.


  • In May, one poll from The Associated Press and the NORC Center for Public Affairs Research showed only about half of Americans said they'd get the vaccine.

    5 月には、AP 通信とアメリカ全国世論調査センターの実施した調査では、アメリカ国民のわずか約半分がワクチンを受けると回答しています。

  • 20 percent said they wouldn't.

    20 % は受けないと回答しました。

  • 31 percent weren't sure.

    分からない、は 31 % でした。

  • Other polls from CNN and The Washington Post and ABC News showed about two thirds of Americans said they would get the vaccine.

    CNN とワシントンポスト、ならびに ABC ニュースの各調査では、ワクチン接種を受けると答えた割合はおよそ 3 分の 2 でした。

  • Still, experts are worried about any significant numbers of people rejecting the vaccine.


  • If a large percentage chose not to get vaccinated, then we would never get herd immunity.


  • Experts say there are several reasons that people don't trust a potential coronavirus vaccine.


  • A lot of people are going to resist the very idea of getting it, because they've been told for months, years now not to trust experts.


  • Experts say, the very name of the project to push the vaccine through fuels skepticism.


  • I think when people hear the term "warp speed," they assume that steps are being skipped.


  • They assume that there are corners that are being cut.


  • And therefore, this may be a vaccine--because it's being made so quickly--it's less than optimal.


  • It may have poor safety qualities or effectiveness qualities.


  • Doctors acknowledge the vaccine likely won't be a magic bullet for coronavirus, that even after it comes out, it could be several months before we know how effective it is.


  • But they have a simple, stark message for those who are rejecting it.


  • The choice not to get a vaccine is a choice to take the real and very serious risk of being infected by this virus and being asked to suffer and/or to be hospitalized or die from this virus.


  • Dr. Paul Offit says a crucial part of this vaccine program is for the president, the task force, any leaders involved in this to be as transparent as possible with the public about the vaccine even before it rolls out.


  • And that means being honest with Americans about what our leaders know and don't know about the vaccine every step of the way.


  • 10 second trivia.

    10 秒トリビアの時間です。

  • Which of these terms comes from a French word meaning "to watch over"?


  • Guard, Assess, Surveil, Preside.

    Guard, Assess, Surveil, Preside。

  • Surveil from surveillance has origins in an early 19th century French term.

    Surveillance の派生語、Surveil は、19 世紀初期のフランス語に起源を持ちます。

  • Okay, next report today has to do with the issue of contact tracing.


  • This is a way of trying to figure out how a disease spreads by tracking the people who've come down with it.


  • Where did they go before they were diagnosed?


  • Who else did they interact with?


  • This is increasingly being used to follow the spread of COVID-19, but it is controversial.


  • On one hand, contact tracing could potentially alert you if you've been around someone who had coronavirus and maybe help keep you from unknowingly spreading it.


  • Critics say it could keep track of information that people expect to be kept private, like when they're at work, when they're at home, where they travel.


  • Some of these pros and cons are playing out in the workplace, as Coronavirus surveillance methods appear there.


  • COVID-19 has drastically changed how we think about the workplace.

    Covid-19 は私たちの職場に対する考え方も大きく変えました。

  • For employers, bringing employees safely back into the office is no easy feat.


  • But some companies say tracking employees' location using AI could help with social distancing and contact tracing.

    しかし、従業員の居場所を AI によって把握することで、ソーシャルディスタンスや接触追跡に役立つとする企業もあります。

  • One of those companies is Cameo, which builds image detection software for existing surveillance cameras.

    そういった企業の例としては Cameo が挙げられ、既存の監視カメラ用に使える画像追跡ソフトウェアを開発しています。

  • What you need for a camera is to be able to understand where people are in the three-dimensional space, even though it's just a 2D image.

    カメラに追加する機能は、3D の世界でどこに誰がいるのかということをたとえ 2D の画像であっても把握できるようにすることです。

  • Cameo says its software can track both how close employees get to one another, and if they're wearing a mask.

    Cameo 曰く、このソフトウェアを使うと従業員がお互いにどれだけの距離を保っているか、またマスクを着けているかどうかも追跡管理することが可能だということです。

  • Other companies, like Estimote, are trying to do something similar, but with wearable technology.

    Estimote などの他の企業も、ウェアラブルテクノロジーを使って似たようなことを実践しようとしています。

  • Location tracking, as far as understanding where you are, there's where you are in terms of your specific location, and then there's where are the devices or how are they communicating with each other.


  • When an employee wearing one of Estimote's devices gets too close to another employee's device, the two wearables ping each other over an LTE signal.

    Estimote のデバイスをスタッフが着用すると、スタッフ同士が近づきすぎた際にデバイスが LTE 信号を通して反応し合います。

  • That interaction is recorded on a map that an employer is able to track.


  • Both companies say the goal of this technology isn't to single out individual employees on the spot, rather, it's meant to optimize the work space for safety purposes.


  • You can see, oh, we have a problem as people are transitioning at shifts at 8 a.m., so let's make sure that we put cones out with tape markers on the floor.

    例えば、朝 8 時にシフトが入れかわるので人が密集することになるから、コーンを置いて床にテープでマーキングをしようといった対策につながってくるのです。

  • Or sometimes even people put hallway monitors for the period that people are changing shifts or they stagger shifts.


  • So, it's meant to be a management tool to tell you where your problems are and where you need to make changes.


  • Another survey by Macworld magazine says one out of five companies have checked employee computer files, voice, or electronic mail.

    Macworld 誌による別の調査では、5社に1社が従業員のコンピューターファイルや、ボイスメールならびにEメールをチェックししていると回答しています。

  • Tracking employees in the workplace is nothing new.


  • Companies have been legally allowed to check employees' work emails and phone calls for decades.

    これまで何十年にも渡って、企業は法的に従業員の仕事用 E メールや電話のやり取りをチェックすることができています。

  • But privacy experts worried tracking employees' physical locations with this kind of technology isn't the best solution for a post-COVID-19 workplace.


  • You can't blame an employer for being concerned about social distancing.


  • But having wall-to-wall video cameras is a terrible answer.


  • It's not anonymous, but the employer can't do anything about two employees not social distancing unless it knows who they are.

    そこに匿名性がないんです。ソーシャルディスタンスの徹底を実践するには、近すぎている 2 人が誰なのかを把握できるようにしないといけませんから。

  • Estimote and Cameo, though, insist that their tracking technologies keep employees' data private.

    それでも、Estimote と Cameo は、使用する追跡テクノロジーは従業員のデータをプライバシーに考慮して取り扱うものだとしています。

  • And that ultimately, it's up to the employers to ensure that the technology isn't abused.


  • We don't collect information about a user other than maybe something the company gives us to make a context connection to the device, so, that could just be like an employee ID.

    私たちは、ユーザーの情報に関してはせいぜい従業員 ID などといった、デバイスの使用に関連して必要となるものとして企業側から提供されるものしか扱いません。

  • And from our perspective, we have no idea what or who that is.


  • The person that looks at the video if they recognize you, just like they would review any other security video, then yes, there's that way that you can recognize.


  • But in the data itself, there's no personally identifiable information.


  • Still, privacy advocates argue that the employees themselves could be just as effective rather than monitoring them with this kind of technology.


  • It's just this reflexive habit of American employers that assume they've gotta come down from the top with monitoring control instead of working with the employees to solve the problem.


  • [10 out of 10]

    [10 out of 10]

  • For 10 out of 10 today, there's probably not a long list of animals you'd want to have watching you sleep.

    今日の [10 out of 10] のコーナーですが、皆さんは一緒の部屋で寝たい動物、といってもそんなにたくさん名前は挙がらないと思いますけど、

  • But in a venue in Belgium, that's kind of the point.


  • It's a zoo.


  • It's a hotel.


  • It's a place where you can watch TV and a live walrus in your own living room.

    ここではリビングルームで TV を観ながら、生きたセイウチの様子を見ることができます。

  • Starting at $150 a night, this hotel also features rooms with views of wolves, tigers, and bears, oh, my!

    1 泊 150 ドルからで、この他にもオオカミやトラ、クマを見ながら過ごせる部屋も用意されています。スゴイですね!

  • So, it's kind of like camping with a window to the wild.


  • A window that stays closed, you pray, so you're not prey if the eye of the tiger gets trained on you.


  • Could you bear it?


  • Or would you want to walrus rush out of there after a sleepless night?


  • It's all food for thought.


  • For CNN 10, I'm Carl Azuz.

    では、この辺で。CNN 10 のカール・アズスでした。

Will a vaccine turn the tide in the international fight against the coronavirus?


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B1 中級 日本語 CNN10 ワクチン ウイルス コロナ 従業 追跡

CNN 10 :コロナワクチンは世界を救えるのか?他(Will A Vaccine Turn The Tide? | July 30, 2020)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2020 年 08 月 31 日