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  • If you're like the majority of students studying for the MCAT, you're likely focusing

  • on content review during the first half of your study period, and practice tests in the

  • second half.

  • If this approximates your MCAT study approach, you're leaving several points on the table

  • by not approaching your MCAT studying more strategically.

  • These are the problems in your study approach that are holding you back, and how to overcome

  • each.

  • Dr. Jubbal, MedSchoolInsiders.com.

  • Despite what people may say, crushing the MCAT isn't rocket science.

  • It isn't about how smart you are, how hard you study, or even how many hours you put

  • in.

  • Doing well on the MCAT comes down to three main factors:

  • (1) Understanding (2) Memorizing

  • (3) Applying

  • You must first truly understand the material that you're learning.

  • It's not simply enough to know what pH and pOH are, but also how they relate to each

  • other, what other factors influence them, and what their significance is.

  • Next, you must commit important facts to memory.

  • More on this shortly.

  • Last, the MCAT tests your ability to apply your understanding and memorization in a standardized

  • format.

  • This is best accomplished through proper use of practice exams.

  • Ultimately, one can only apply their knowledge on test day if the foundational components

  • of (1) understanding and (2) memorizing are properly addressed.

  • Otherwise, there simply isn't anything to apply.

  • To best address memorization, the scientific literature has consistently demonstrated spaced

  • repetition with active recall to be most beneficial.

  • There are a variety of tools, called spaced repetition software (SRS), the most popular

  • of which is Anki.

  • Anki is a powerful tool that has rapidly grown in popularity, but students often completely

  • miss (1) understanding.

  • Through Anki, they're encouraged to focus on (2) memorizing, without the critical preceding

  • step of (1) understanding.

  • Without a foundation of comprehension to build a mental scaffolding, it's far less effective

  • to memorize facts in isolation.

  • Speaking of Anki, it's a great, free tool that I have used extensively, and users share

  • pre-made decks specifically for the MCAT.

  • The problem is that these decks are subpar.

  • There are issues with the accuracy of facts, comprehensiveness, quality of question stems,

  • and failing to focus on flashcard best practices.

  • These best practices are foundational to effective learning and memorization, otherwise your

  • efforts are wasted on unfruitful pattern recognition that don't help you on test day.

  • Even within the community of pre-made decks, some decks are better at one section within

  • the MCAT, and others are better at a completely separate section.

  • And if you decide to make your own flashcards, there's a massive learning curve, and you

  • likely won't make good flashcards until years later.

  • That's how long it took us of making flashcards continuously in medical school to refine the

  • skill.

  • That time would be better spent actually learning and memorizing content.

  • While spaced repetition with active recall is an incredibly powerful tool, the quality

  • of those spaced repetition resources is critically important.

  • It doesn't matter if you go to the gym 5 days a week if you don't have proper intensity,

  • volume, and form.

  • The same concept applies here.

  • Studying more is better, right?

  • Not always.

  • There is an upper limit on the amount of information that can be memorized in a given period of

  • time.

  • It's maximally beneficial to focus on memorizing high-yield conceptsthose which are most

  • likely to have an impact on your score come test day.

  • As we only have a limited number of productive hours of studying in a day, that means deprioritizing

  • low-yield information.

  • Why not just include the low-yield information and study for more days then?

  • That's because of the forgetting curve.

  • The forgetting curve demonstrates the reality of memory decay, meaning that despite committing

  • MCAT facts to memory, over time we will forget them.

  • We can work against this by strategic use of spaced repetition, but this is ultimately

  • why you don't quite remember what you learned in class a few months ago.

  • This is why students who spend more than a couple months studying for the MCAT have diminishing

  • returns and plateau with their score.

  • After a certain point, you will learn at a rate nearly equal to the rate of you forgetting

  • information.

  • Ultimately, studying high-yield information is the most logical solution, but the issue

  • is that it's not clear what content is high- or low-yield if you're a student studying

  • for the test.

  • You'd need to turn to the experts for that.

  • Understanding these shortcomings in the average MCAT test taker's study approach, how can

  • we address each one?

  • Luckily, we built an app for that, and it's called Memm, which has been in the making

  • for the last couple years and I'm so excited to finally announce it to you all.

  • I'll go over the full story on my personal channel of how the Memm team and I went about

  • brainstorming, iterating, pivoting, refining, and creating this revolutionary new way to

  • study for the MCAT.

  • But in this video, let's focus on how it works and what makes it a unique way to study.

  • Memm was designed to address the deficiencies in the study tools available for the MCAT.

  • Rather than relying on wishful thinking, we askedhow can we most effectively and dramatically

  • improve learning for MCAT test takers?”

  • Just as we would focus on evidence-based principles when treating our patients, we looked to the

  • scientific literature for evidence-based best practices for learning and memorization.

  • We focused on the following four principles when designing Memm to ensure the most effective

  • experience:

  • Spacing effect - Newly introduced and more difficult pieces of information are shown

  • more frequently, while older and less difficult pieces of information are shown less frequently.

  • Testing effect - Information retrieval through active recall is far more effective for memory

  • consolidation than passive review.

  • Interleaving - Strategic ordering and mixing of subjects and topics while reviewing improves

  • intersectional learning and overall recall.

  • Desirable difficulties - Introducing the right kinds of difficulties into the learning process

  • greatly improves long-term retention.

  • After months of iterating and sculpting the product, we arrived at Memm.

  • Its aim is to help you memorize all the relevant information for the MCAT as quickly and effectively

  • as possible.

  • You can use it alongside your content review resource and AAMC practice questions, but

  • you won't need to worry about Anki or flashcard apps again.

  • Let's go over how it works and what problems it addresses.

  • In combining comprehension with memorization, rather than each in isolation, we find that

  • the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.

  • Memm combines memorization and comprehension with a novel approach.

  • First, students go over Sheets, which are high yield summary sheets of all the facts

  • you need to know for a given section of the MCAT.

  • Think of this as the mental scaffolding, allowing you to learn and understand information in

  • relation to other pieces of information, not simply in isolation as flashcards traditionally

  • emphasize.

  • These are also interactive, allowing you to toggle high yield facts, thus incorporating

  • active recall.

  • After reviewing Sheets, students move on to Cards, which are expertly curated flashcards

  • testing the relevant information from Sheets.

  • These aren't the mixed bag of cards that you'll find in pre-made decks either.

  • Each card was meticulously crafted, following the flashcard best principles, and tests you

  • on knowledge in the way that is most appropriate for the MCAT.

  • After flipping a card to see its back, not only are you shown the answer, but also an

  • excerpt from the Sheet with the relevant and related information.

  • This further reinforces context and comprehension to the process of active recall and it addresses

  • the common issue students face in memorizing facts in isolation.

  • Ever confuse similar concepts?

  • That won't be a problem anymore with Memm.

  • Memm was created by two 99.9th percentile MCAT scorers, including yours truly, who also

  • have extensive experience tutoring premeds to stellar scores.

  • We figured out what worked best and applied those principles here.

  • Sheets and Cards are designed from scratch with MCAT score optimization as the singular

  • goal and follow flashcard best practices.

  • While some pre-made Anki decks place too much information on each card, don't use effective

  • question stems, or reinforce pattern recognition over learning, each piece of Memm content

  • was carefully crafted to maximize effective MCAT learning.

  • But don't worry, cards can still be customized, as users are able to leave notes on each card

  • and even upload their own images for those sweet mnemonics and dank memes.

  • And unlike other resources, Memm is a web app that is continuously updated with built-in

  • reporting, allowing users to submit feedback.

  • That means it's constantly evolving and becoming even more refined with time.

  • And you can use it from any device that has a web browser.

  • Understanding that not all content is created equal, Memm prioritizes high yield content

  • on both Sheets and Cards.

  • On one end, it's comprehensive, including everything you need to know, built off extensive

  • research on the MCAT and close study of the official AAMC guidelines and materials.

  • On the other end, it's not bloated with superfluous fluff that will slow you down

  • and not contribute to a score increase.

  • I'm super excited about this new product, because we've put in so much blood, sweat,

  • and tears into it, as many of you who follow me on Instagram have seen me putting in long

  • hours.

  • We've done tremendous testing and iterating and we're confident that this is an incredibly

  • valuable study tool that will soon become ubiquitous because of the advantage it offers

  • when studying for the MCAT.

  • Memm is now officially live and you can try it out 7 days for free, no credit card required.

  • Visit memm.io to learn more and to get started.

  • Use the coupon code MSI2020 to get 20% off your subscription.

  • I'm sure many of you have questions about Memm, so leave them below and I'll work

  • on addressing them in future videos.

  • Check out my personal channel for the full story on how we created Memm and got to where

  • we are today.

  • Much love, good luck studying, and I'll see you guys in that next one.

If you're like the majority of students studying for the MCAT, you're likely focusing

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あなたのMCAT学習の問題点(&それを解決する方法 (Your Problem with MCAT Studying (& How to Fix It))

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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