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  • Waldorf education is based on the principles of

  • Anthroposophy by Rudolf Steiner.

  • Steiner founded the first school in 1919 Stuttgart Germany

  • to educate the children of the factory workers

  • from the Waldorf Astoria Zigaretten Fabrik

  • - hence the name.

  • All kids, independent of social status or talent

  • received the same instruction,

  • which made the school a pioneer of social justice in education.

  • The goal of a Waldorf education is to develop free,

  • but morally responsible individuals

  • equipped with a high degree of social competence

  • and creative capabilities.

  • Factual knowledge,

  • homework and tests scores receive less attention.

  • Storytelling and experimentation

  • are the main method of instruction,

  • Over the twelve-year curriculum,

  • students learn math,

  • literature,

  • history and science

  • as well as a wide variety of arts and hands-on skills.

  • Elementary students paint,

  • knit,

  • weave and sculpt with wax.

  • Older ones make patterns,

  • books,

  • pottery and sculpt in stone.

  • Everybody learns to do music.

  • First all play the flute,

  • then some play string instruments

  • and others join the choir.

  • Students play non-competitive games

  • and learn to dance eurhythmy.

  • They do organic farming

  • and learn two foreign languages,

  • which in the first years are taught through songs,

  • storytelling and conversations.

  • In grade 8 and 12

  • the entire class develops a classical drama

  • which they perform in front of their parents and friends.

  • Waldorf uses a unique

  • project based approach to almost

  • all main academic subjects.

  • Instead of repetitive schedules,

  • a specific subject,

  • such as history,

  • math,

  • science or even gardening

  • dominates the first two hours in the morning

  • for a period of 4-6 weeks.

  • After that, a new subject gets the main focus.

  • Steiner also invented an experiential approach to science

  • whereby students observe

  • and later describe scientific concepts

  • in their own words and drawings

  • rather than learning about them in a textbook first.

  • Waldorf schools therefore consider computers

  • useful to children only in their teens,

  • after they have mastered fundamental,

  • time-honored ways of discovering

  • information and learning.

  • In the spirit of personal development and empathy,

  • competition and grades are being avoided.

  • Teachers instead assess the student's individual

  • growth of character.

  • Tests scores and grades are only slowly introduced to

  • older students as they prepare for college

  • and entrance exams.

  • Today there are over

  • a thousand Waldorf schools in 60 countries,

  • making it one of the largest independent

  • school movements.

  • Waldorf has become a recognized

  • educational theory in Europe

  • and its schools have received state funding.

  • Famous Waldorf parents include Clint Eastwood,

  • Lenny Kravitz,

  • the Forbes family

  • and many parents from Silicon Valley's tech sector

  • despite Steiner's critical view of technology

  • and mass media.

  • Steve Jobs once told a tech journalist

  • who asked whether his children like the new iPad

  • that they haven't used it and continued:

  • We limit how much technology our kids use at home.”

  • Acclaimed psychiatrist William Glasser famously said

  • that we learn 10% of what we read,

  • 20% of what we hear,

  • 30% of what we see,

  • but 80% of what we experience.

  • one could argue that despite their low-tech approach,

  • the experimental learning method of

  • Waldorf education is exceptionally contemporary.

  • What do you think?

  • Please share your thoughts in the comments below!

Waldorf education is based on the principles of

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B1 中級

ウォルドルフ学校教育 (Waldorf School Education)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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