字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Do you know how to use phrasal verbs? Do you know important phrasal verbs are in English? They are a fantastic way to make your English sound more informal and natural. But they are not that easy to use so get ready for a lesson that's going to show you the secrets about how we use them properly. Welcome to Eat Sleep Dream English, if you haven't met me before I'm Tom and I teach fresh modern British English so that you can take your English to the next level and achieve your life goals. Today we're looking at phrasal verbs. A phrasal verb is a verb, for example give or take plus a particle, in, on, under things like that. Now when they go together they create a special meaning that is separate from the individual verb itself. For example 'I'm going to take off this jumper' Three, two, one. Alright, it worked! I took off my jumper. That means to remove, so to take something off is to remove it. I'm going to put my jumper back on, if that's ok. So take off means to remove. Now the only grammar that we are going to need here is to change the verb depending on the tense. So for example I used the present tense so to take off but in the past tense I would say took off. Or in the present perfect I have taken off. So you are changing the verb depending on the tense that you want. So why do we use phrasal verbs? Well, they are much more colloquial and informal than single word verbs. And we use them all the time particularly in spoken English. So for example take off, the single word would be to remove and now you have a choice. You can use the more informal take off or the slightly more neutral or formal version to remove. So I think it's really important to learn phrasal verbs and to give yourself the choice to use an informal phrase or a neutral or formal phrase. If you have both you can adapt to any situation you want. Especially important in business situations or in exams things like that. You can choose now which type of English you want to use informal or formal. Another example maybe you'll see a sign saying 'To extinguish fire, use this fire extinguisher.' Now extinguish is the more formal word but maybe in every day spoken English I would say to put out. So to put out a fire, use this fire extinguisher. So you have extinguish and put out, one is formal one is informal, one is used in written English mostly the other one is used in spoken. And that's a kind of pattern we see throughout phrasal verbs. So if you are someone that wants to use spoken British English in informal situations maybe to meet people or for television series or films, this is the kind of English that you are going to want to learn. So that's what they are and why we use them. Now let's look at how we use phrasal verbs. Just before that guys, remember to subscribe to my channel so that you don't miss a single English video. Also if you know anyone that is learning English, I'd love it if you share this video with them. Ok, now there are a few patterns we need to know to use phrasal verbs correctly. So let's have a look at them now. Some phrasal verbs don't take a direct object and these are called intransitive verbs. For example 'I get up at 7 a.m.' There is no object in that sentence. So that's the first set of phrasal verbs, intransitive verbs with no object. Now a lot of phrasal verbs do have objects and these are called transitive verbs. Now there are different patterns for transitive verbs that we will look at right now. The first pattern is when the object goes after the verb and the particle. For example 'My girlfriend cheated on me'. So to cheat on someone is to have a romantic or sexual relationship with someone else other than your partner. To cheat on someone. So my girlfriend is the noun, cheated on is the phrasal verb and me is the object. And that's coming after the verb and the particle. Here are some other examples of that same pattern. Another pattern is for some transitive verbs to have the object separate the verb and the particle. For example 'Turn on the TV'. So turn on is the phrasal verb, the TV is the object. Now we can put the object, the TV, in between the verb and the particle. So 'Turn the TV on'. The meaning is exactly the same, no change. But we can decide whether we want to put the object after the verb and particle or in between. It's up to us, it's our choice. Here are a few more examples of that same pattern. Now a really important thing to remember when using this pattern is that if the object is a personal pronoun, for example you, me, it then it must go in between the verb and the particle. For example the phrasal verb give back. It means to return. I would have to say 'Give me back my phone'. Me is the personal pronoun and it's going in between the verb and the particle. I cannot say 'Give back me my phone' ok? I can't put the personal pronoun after the particle. It has to go in between, Ok? So that's a really important thing to remember, the personal pronoun goes in between the verb and the particle. Ok, so those are the essential patterns of phrasal verbs. Now I think one of the trickiest things for most students when learning phrasal verbs is that the same phrasal verb can have different meanings. If we go back to what we were looking at earlier, take off. Take off means to remove, ok? So I took off my jumper, in a different situation it means that an airplane leaves the ground, it goes into the air, into the sky. So the airplane takes off. It goes along the runway and goes up into the sky. So that's another meaning, same phrasal verb, take off but a different meaning. Another meaning would be to become successful. So 'Her acting career took off' and that means her acting career became successful. So now we have three different meanings of the same phrasal verb and there are other ones. Now what we have to do as learners is to learn them of course, the different situations. And then to think about the context, ok? Because that will tell us which meaning we are talking about. If we are talking about an airplane it's likely that it'll be take off as in leave the ground. If I'm talking about an item of clothing, probably it's to remove. But you have to check the situation, ok? Context is really important here. But yes, don't see this as a problem, see this as an easy way to learn more vocabulary. I have one phrase, take off, but there are different meanings and now I have three meanings for the same word. So it's kind of good, it's kind of useful. You can build your vocabulary quicker by learning the different meanings. Now guys, I don't know if you can tell, but I love phrasal verbs and I think they are so so useful for you guys to learn. So what I'm going to do is do another video teaching you the top ten essential phrasal verbs to learn. So these are going to be phrasal verbs that you can use in your every day conversation that I think are just essential, that you have to know them. And hopefully once you learn those, you'll then be able to learn so many more. Now I hope you've found this video useful. If you did, please give it a massive thumbs up. Of course subscribe and remember I release new videos every Tuesday and every Friday. So yep, thank you so much for joining me, this is Tom, the Chief Dreamer, saying goodbye.