字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント (upbeat music) - Hello everyone and welcome back to English with Lucy. Today I've got a very special guest. This is. - Harry. - From the channel. - Real English with Real Teachers. Hi guys. - Hello. - Lovely to be here. - So, we are lacking a member of the gang, aren't we? We're lacking Charlie who also works with Harry on the Real English with Real Teachers channel. What's wrong with Charlie? - Charlie had a skiing accident, so he can't join us today. He is bedridden. - Bedridden, yes, he can't get out of bed. He's recovering in bed. And I saw a picture of his x-ray. Broken shoulder. - Yeah. - Not nice. - You can see it. It's coming out like this. - Urg. - Yeah, it's rank. - It's not for the fainthearted. - No, not for the fainthearted. Nice expression. - Thank you. Okay, so you guys might have seen my video about five tips to help you improve your conversation in English. If you haven't seen it already, you can have a look up here and in that video, I asked you guys if you wanted to see something about interjections. But really, to show interjections, you need a partner, someone else as well. So, I thought I've got Harry here, let's do it together. - What is an interjection? - Well, an interjection is a word or phrase that a speaker can use to show feeling or emotion, so it's normally. - Ah, right. - Yeah, it's normally used in spoken English, it can be used in written English as well, like in stories if the author wants to show how a character is feeling. - Quite useful. We use that a lot in British English, don't we? - We use it a lot, we really do. And the thing is, if you want to improve your conversation, you really need to know how to use interjections and also understand them. - Absolutely, absolutely. - Yeah, 'cause they're different in different languages. So, today I've picked out my top ten interjections that native English speakers use and I want to help you understand them and hopefully, be able to use them. So, let's get started. - Let's do it. - Yeah. Okay, so the first interjection that we're going to talk about is hmmm. - Hmmm. - Hmmm. Now, what does hmmm, when would you use hmmm? - Hmmm, perhaps when you are going to think about something. - Yes, you would use hmmm to show that you are thinking about something. So, it could be great if you get asked a question and you want to buy a bit of extra time to think of an answer. - Hmmm. - Okay. And it's something that I mentioned in my previous video because a lot of speakers will say, ehhh, ehhh. - Yeah. - Like that but we tend to say hmmm, with our mouth shut. And this is simply because having your mouth open in front of someone else is considered impolite in English. - Yeah, yeah, close the mouth. Yeah, especially for students who are doing like the IELTS and the Cambridge speaking exams. - Yes. - To get that, yeah, like Lucy said, buying that extra time to think, say a British sound, not ehhh, ehhh, ehhh, say hmmm, that's an interesting question, hmmm. - Hmmm, yeah, yeah and you just sound more native overall by not saying ehhh and you say hmmm. - Yeah. - It's very, very polite. - It's very polite, yeah, yeah. - Okay, the next one is jeez. - [Both] Jeez. - Okay. - Okay. And jeez, I mean, where do you think the word jeez comes from? - Hmmm, probably our friend Jesus. - It comes from the word Jesus and it normally is used to expression shock or exasperation. - Yeah., agreed. - So, I can say it in two different ways. If I was to say, jeez, what would I be showing? - Probably annoyance. Probably that someone did something you didn't like. - Yeah. - The third interjection that we have chosen for you is phew. - Phew. Can often be teamed with the hand on the forehead. - Yeah. - Phew. - Phew. - We would use the phew interjection to show relief that you are relieved about something. So, maybe I'm running for the bus and then I see that it hasn't arrived or maybe it's delayed, I would say, "Ah, phew." Thank God. - Yeah, you know, yeah, so you're very relieved about it. I said it today actually. - Did you? - Yeah, yeah. - What happened? - So, Lucy and I had real problems with the trains today and I thought I was going to miss it and I was going to be late for the lovely Lucy and then I manged to catch the train and I said. - Phew. - Phew, phew. - But the funny thing was I was on a similar train and I was also delayed. So, actually we were both delayed, so there was no issue anyway. - No, no. - It was fine. So, interjection number four is oops. Oops. - Oops. - This one, I think, is quite international. - Yeah. - Spanish people tend to spell it ups, like. - [Both] Ups. - Oops. - Oops. - And when would we use oops? - When you do something clumsy. When you do something by accident, something you didn't want to do. - Something not too serious. - Yeah, like. - Oops. - Oops. - We can sometimes say oops-a-daisy and that's quite a common British, I would say, if not English, probably quite a British English expression. Oops-a-daisy. - Yeah, I can't imagine an American person going oops-a-daisy. - Oops-a-daisy, yeah. Do you know what? We will probably find someone in the comments that says no, I'm American and I use it all the time. So, yeah. - So tell us if you are American and you use that expression. Number five is ahem. - Ahem. - Ahem. - Ahem. - What does that mean? - Well, it's to show that you're clearing your throat ready to say something, okay? Maybe you have to interrupt someone. So, you say ahem, I'm going to say something, let me interrupt you. - Okay, so if I was talking your. - Ahem. I want to talk now. (both laugh) - Nicely done. - People will often say ahem before they make a speech. (Lucy dings) - They'll ding on a glass and then go ahem. I'm going to make a speech. Number six is mmm, mmm and this has many meanings. We were just discussing that we use it a lot to show agreement, that we agree with someone. - Mmm. - So, yeah, I'll be talking and Harry will be mmm, agreeing along with me. - Mmm, it's because you're very agreeable, mmm. - Oh, thank you, Harry. We would also use it if we see something delicious, we might say. - [Both] Mmm. - Yeah, with a different intonation, a bit longer. - Mmm. Yeah, it's got a wave to it. - Mmm. - Yeah. - Would you say it if you saw someone and you thought they were attractive? - Mmm, yeah I would. (Lucy and Harry laugh) There are lots of different ways. I think it depends really on the body language with that one. - Yeah, absolutely, agreed. - But if you want to show that you're agreeing with someone, without interrupting them and saying yes, yes, right, all the time, then just going mmm, mmm, can show that you agree. - Yeah, you could use that in a meeting, in like a business meeting, mmm. - So, for the next one, how would you show that you disagree? - Mmm. - Mmm/mm-mm. - Ah, mmm/mm-mm. - So. - Ah, I would go mmm. With my students, if they're saying something wrong. - Mhm. - Or if they. (Harry laughs) Or if I think, yeah, they've made a grammar mistake and I want them to realise, I say mmm. - Mmm, okay, so we're showing a doubt, we're showing that we don't agree with someone if we go mmm, in like a sort of questioning tone. - Yes, or the one you said. - The one I said which is mmm/mm-mm. - The next interjection today is yikes. - Yikes. - Yikes. - Yeah. - When would we say that? - We would say yikes to show negative shock at something, normally negative. - Ah, okay. - So, when I saw Charlie's broken bone, yikes, that looks painful, yeah. Yeah, so yikes. - That is a good example to say yikes. Yeah, yeah, something you think, that's a bit disgusting, yikes. - Yikes, yikes. Now, the next one that we're going to talk about is really, really British and it's something I say all the time, so much so that I actually have to cut it out of my videos quite a lot. And it is so. So, so is a word that I use to introduce speech. So, I know I'm going to say something, so I'll say so, next we're going to talk about, and actually it's not best practise to say so that much but it could be really useful for you if you're doing a speaking exam 'cause it does again, buy you a little bit of extra time.