字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Eat Sleep Dreamers today we're going to be having a lot of fun with stress and I'm going to show you how you can change the meaning of a sentence depending on the word that you stress. All that is coming right up guys after we meet another Eat Sleep Dreamer. Eat Sleep Dreamers welcome back to another lesson with me Tom. Today we're looking at stress and in particular sentence stress. Now English is a stress-timed language. What does that mean? Well it means that the stressed syllables in a sentence are at regular intervals and the unstressed syllables are fitted in. So they are shortened down to fit in to the rhythm of that sentence. For example if I said 'She's from London' you've got four words there she is from London, four words. But the main stress is on She and London because the are the most important words. Is and from are contracted so she's is contracted and then from, I'm using the weak form there. She's from London. So as you can see the most important words, the words that carry the most meaning are stressed the most. Now why is this important for you? Well, we use the stress of certain words to carry a lot of meaning and that's important for you to know a) to understand so if someone is talking to you and they are stressing a certain word you can understand why they have done that. And then of course for you to use it as well when you are using spoken English. So today we're going to look at one sentence of ten words and we're going to change the meaning of that sentence using stress. Alright, this is going to be really useful, let's get going. Right our sentence is 'I don't think you should buy a new car' Alright the don't do not makes it ten words but ok if it's don't contracted nine words. So I'm going to say the sentence and I want you to think about what's the meaning of how i said it. Alright let's go with the first one. 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' Ok, what's the meaning of that sentence? Well first of all the word that i stressed was I and the meaning there or the suggestion is that I don't think you should buy a new car but maybe somebody else does. So maybe your friend has suggested it or whoever you are talking about but there stress there is showing that it's not me that thinks you should buy a new car. Maybe you do, maybe somebody else does but not me. I don't think you should buy a new car. 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' Alright, so the word that was stressed there is don't and the reason we did it there is perhaps because you think I do think you should buy a new car and so I want to stress that actually no no no I don't think you should buy a new car. It's contrary to what you thought before. I don't want you to buy a new car, so I'm stressing that the negative there don't. It's almost like saying it's not true that I think you should buy a new car because I don't. Stress on the don't. 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' So now we're stressing you and the reason for that is because I don't think that you should buy a new car but I think that somebody else should buy a new car. So whoever you are talking about but you shouldn't buy a new car. 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' Ok, so now we are stressing should and that's really emphasising my advice to not buy a car. So we're stressing the should basically saying 'don't buy the car' 'I don't think you should buy the car.' Ok, next one 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' Alright now we're stressing buy and that's really saying don't buy it, rent it. So we're looking for an alternative verb so rent a car or borrow a car but don't buy a new car. We're emphasising the buy because we think there's an alternative verb that you can use there. 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' So now we're stressing new and the implication here is that I don't think you should get a new one, get an old one. Ok, so we're stressing new because we think that's the most important thing that needs to be changed. 'I don't think you should buy a new car, buy an old one or buy a second hand one. So yeah that's why we're stressing new there. 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' Ok, so there we're thinking well not a car. So what we are saying there is you should use your money to buy something else. Don't buy a new car buy a new motorbike or a house or a TV whatever the thing is. So if we think about this kind of situation in context. Think about maybe you are in a shop, you are in Zara or H&M or wherever and you've got two t-shirts and you say to your friends. Which t-shirt do you like, the blue one or the white one? And your friend says 'the blue one'. Well that is using this stress. They are stressing blue because they want to say the blue one not the white one. So that's a really good example of how we use stress to negotiate meaning. Which one shall pick the blue one or the white one? The blue one. So therefore not the white one, using stress. Another example 'What time does our plane leave, quarter past or half past?' 'Oh quarter past.' Stressing the quarter there because the alternative is half past so we're stressing quarter. What time does our plane leave? Quarter past. So as I said at the beginning guys I think this is really useful for when you are listening to people speaking and you can understand exactly what they mean but also for your own spoken English. Start to think about which words you are stressing and which words are the most important. Alright guys, I hope you enjoyed that. Remember I've got new lessons every Tuesday and every Friday helping you take your English to the next level. I've got a Facebook page, I've got an Instagram account check them out and until next time guys, this is Tom, the Chief Dreamer, saying goodbye.