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  • Eat Sleep Dreamers today we're going to be having a lot of fun with stress and I'm going

  • to show you how you can change the meaning of a sentence depending on the word that you

  • stress. All that is coming right up guys after we meet another Eat Sleep Dreamer.

  • Eat Sleep Dreamers welcome back to another lesson with me Tom. Today we're looking at

  • stress and in particular sentence stress. Now English is a stress-timed language. What

  • does that mean? Well it means that the stressed syllables in a sentence are at regular intervals

  • and the unstressed syllables are fitted in. So they are shortened down to fit in to the

  • rhythm of that sentence. For example if I said 'She's from London' you've got four words

  • there she is from London, four words. But the main stress is on She and London because

  • the are the most important words. Is and from are contracted so she's is contracted and

  • then from, I'm using the weak form there. She's from London. So as you can see the most

  • important words, the words that carry the most meaning are stressed the most. Now why

  • is this important for you? Well, we use the stress of certain words to carry a lot of

  • meaning and that's important for you to know a) to understand so if someone is talking

  • to you and they are stressing a certain word you can understand why they have done that.

  • And then of course for you to use it as well when you are using spoken English. So today

  • we're going to look at one sentence of ten words and we're going to change the meaning

  • of that sentence using stress. Alright, this is going to be really useful, let's get going.

  • Right our sentence is 'I don't think you should buy a new car' Alright the don't do not makes

  • it ten words but ok if it's don't contracted nine words. So I'm going to say the sentence

  • and I want you to think about what's the meaning of how i said it. Alright let's go with the

  • first one. 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' Ok, what's the meaning of that sentence?

  • Well first of all the word that i stressed was I and the meaning there or the suggestion

  • is that I don't think you should buy a new car but maybe somebody else does. So maybe

  • your friend has suggested it or whoever you are talking about but there stress there is

  • showing that it's not me that thinks you should buy a new car. Maybe you do, maybe somebody

  • else does but not me. I don't think you should buy a new car.

  • 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' Alright, so the word that was stressed there

  • is don't and the reason we did it there is perhaps because you think I do think you should

  • buy a new car and so I want to stress that actually no no no I don't think you should

  • buy a new car. It's contrary to what you thought before. I don't want you to buy a new car,

  • so I'm stressing that the negative there don't. It's almost like saying it's not true that

  • I think you should buy a new car because I don't. Stress on the don't.

  • 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' So now we're stressing you and the reason

  • for that is because I don't think that you should buy a new car but I think that somebody

  • else should buy a new car. So whoever you are talking about but you shouldn't buy a

  • new car. 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' Ok, so now we are stressing should and

  • that's really emphasising my advice to not buy a car. So we're stressing the should basically

  • saying 'don't buy the car' 'I don't think you should buy the car.' Ok, next one 'I don't

  • think you should buy a new car.' Alright now we're stressing buy and that's really saying

  • don't buy it, rent it. So we're looking for an alternative verb so rent a car or borrow

  • a car but don't buy a new car. We're emphasising the buy because we think there's an alternative

  • verb that you can use there. 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' So now we're stressing

  • new and the implication here is that I don't think you should get a new one, get an old

  • one. Ok, so we're stressing new because we think that's the most important thing that

  • needs to be changed. 'I don't think you should buy a new car, buy an old one or buy a second

  • hand one. So yeah that's why we're stressing new there.

  • 'I don't think you should buy a new car.' Ok, so there we're thinking well not a car.

  • So what we are saying there is you should use your money to buy something else. Don't

  • buy a new car buy a new motorbike or a house or a TV whatever the thing is. So if we think

  • about this kind of situation in context. Think about maybe you are in a shop, you are in

  • Zara or H&M or wherever and you've got two t-shirts and you say to your friends. Which

  • t-shirt do you like, the blue one or the white one? And your friend says 'the blue one'.

  • Well that is using this stress. They are stressing blue because they want to say the blue one

  • not the white one. So that's a really good example of how we use stress to negotiate

  • meaning. Which one shall pick the blue one or the white one? The blue one. So therefore

  • not the white one, using stress. Another example 'What time does our plane leave, quarter past

  • or half past?' 'Oh quarter past.' Stressing the quarter there because the alternative

  • is half past so we're stressing quarter. What time does our plane leave? Quarter past. So

  • as I said at the beginning guys I think this is really useful for when you are listening

  • to people speaking and you can understand exactly what they mean but also for your own

  • spoken English. Start to think about which words you are stressing and which words are

  • the most important. Alright guys, I hope you enjoyed that. Remember I've got new lessons

  • every Tuesday and every Friday helping you take your English to the next level. I've

  • got a Facebook page, I've got an Instagram account check them out and until next time

  • guys, this is Tom, the Chief Dreamer, saying goodbye.

Eat Sleep Dreamers today we're going to be having a lot of fun with stress and I'm going

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A2 初級

英語発音マスタークラス|センテンスストレス (English Pronunciation Masterclass | Sentence Stress)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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