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  • Hello, everybody.

  • Welcome to this English course.

  • In today's video, I'm going to tell you about nouns.

  • Because in English, nouns are very important.

  • They are the basic element of a sentence.

  • So if you want to speak English,

  • you need to know about the different kinds of nouns.

  • And I'm going to try and teach you as well as I can.

  • Let's get started!

  • Ok, so let's start with concrete nouns.

  • Now in English, concrete nouns are people places or things,

  • including animals.

  • That you can see, that you can smell,

  • or taste, or hear, or touch.

  • So you can basically use your five senses.

  • Let me give you a few examples.

  • If we talk about people,

  • you could say, a man

  • or a teacher,

  • or me, Fanny.

  • Or Mr. Smith.

  • If we talk about places,

  • you could say,

  • a house, a school.

  • You could name a city like London.

  • Very nice city.

  • Or a beach.

  • And if you talk about things,

  • you could say a shoe,

  • you could say a marker,

  • you could talk about a dog

  • or food like a pizza.

  • These are concrete nouns....ok.

  • Now let's move on to abstract nouns.

  • So abstract nouns, unlike concrete nouns,

  • are ideas, concepts, emotions.

  • And you can't see an idea.

  • You can't smell a concept.

  • You can't taste an emotion.

  • Or hear it. Or touch it.

  • So they are nouns. They are things that exist, but

  • you cannot see them, or taste them.

  • You can't use your five sense.

  • To give you a few examples,

  • we could talk about love,

  • or time,

  • or religion,

  • rules.

  • These are all words that represent ideas, concepts... okay

  • They're abstract nouns in English.

  • Now, let's get into more detail about nouns.

  • Let's now see the difference between common nouns

  • and proper nouns which are very important in English.

  • So common nouns and proper nouns refer to people, places, things, ideas.

  • Let's see a few examples.

  • We could talk about people for example.

  • A woman.

  • That's a common noun.

  • But if we talk about a specific woman,

  • for example, me, Fanny.

  • That becomes a proper noun with a capital 'F'.

  • because, and you should know this,

  • proper nouns are always capitalized.

  • You could talk about places.

  • A city. That's a common noun.

  • But then you can name a specific city. Let's take a

  • great city, London, of course.

  • With a capital 'L'.

  • Remember proper nouns - always capitalized.

  • We can talk about things for example. An animal.

  • Let's take a dog. A dog.

  • That's a common noun.

  • But if we take a specific dog, like Snoopy - capital 'S',

  • that's the proper noun.

  • If we talk about things again, but for example, a car,

  • that's a common noun.

  • But if we name the brand, the specific brand of the car like Volvo,

  • that's a proper noun. And it takes a capital 'V'.

  • And finally, and we can say, a team - common noun.

  • But if we name a specific team, for example,

  • the best football team, Manchester United,

  • then that's a proper noun

  • and it's capitalized.

  • Now mind you,

  • 'team', is a special word because it's called

  • a collective noun in English

  • because it refers to a group of people.

  • So collective nouns can be used as singular nouns or plural nouns.

  • But we will talk about this again later.

  • So now that we know a lot about nouns in English,

  • Let's practice finding nouns in a sentence.

  • Okay, first,

  • In my class at Oxford University, I have many friends.

  • My best friend is Jan.

  • I have a lot of love for her.

  • Jan has a cute dog.

  • Its name is Juju.

  • What are the nouns in these sentences?

  • If we take the first sentence,

  • In my class at Oxford University, I have many friends.

  • We have, class, and friends.

  • These are common nouns.

  • We also have a proper noun, Oxford University.

  • We know it's a proper noun because it's capitalized.

  • The second sentence is,

  • My best friend is Jen.

  • Now in this sentence,

  • the noun is, friend - common noun.

  • And there's also the word, Jen,

  • is also a noun but a proper noun. As you can see it's capitalized.

  • Then, I have a lot of love for her.

  • What noun can you see? Of course, 'love'.

  • Remember the abstract noun we talked about a few minutes ago.

  • And finally, Jan has a cute dog. Its name is Juju.

  • What nouns can we find?

  • We can see, 'Jen', again - proper noun.

  • 'Dog' - common noun.

  • But also, 'name', and 'Juju'.

  • 'Name's' a common noun.

  • 'Juju' is the proper noun. It's capitalized.

  • As you probably know, I haven't mentioned, 'I', or 'her', or 'its'.

  • They are also nouns, but they are pronouns and

  • they're considered a different category in English.

  • We will talk about them in another video .

  • Great job guys!

  • Thank you for watching my video.

  • I hope you now have a better understanding of nouns in English.

  • Please keep practicing. Practice makes perfect.

  • I'm sure you will very soon be able to recognize nouns in a sentence.

  • Please make sure to watch my next video as I keep on talking about nouns.

  • See you.

  • Thank you for watching my video guys.

  • If you've liked this video, please click like,

  • subscribe to our channel, show us your support, put your comments below and

  • share this video. Thank you.

Hello, everybody.

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A2 初級

英文法講座|名詞入門 #1 (English Grammar Course | Introduction to Nouns #1)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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