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  • Lockdown, social distancing, quarantine

  • These are terms that have become a part of our lexicon since the start of the coronavirus pandemic.

  • We're about to experience the greatest pandemic of the generation since polio.

  • Italy's government took the extraordinary step of locking down much of the northern part of the country.

  • The positive impact of social distancing.

  • Since the first case of the corona virus was reported to the World Health Organization on December 31st 2019,

  • more than 2 million people have been infected worldwide.

  • Nearly 4 billion people around the world or about half of humanity have been placed on varying degrees of lockdown.

  • So how are people around the world coping with this drastic change to our lifestyle and

  • what would life look like when this is all over?

  • That's Elena Perazzi.

  • She has been quarantined in her home in Venice since March 9th,

  • when Italy became the first time across a country to implement a nationwide shutdown

  • since World War Two.

  • The first few days has been the scary time.

  • I was imagine how it could be Venice during the war time

  • and then I realized it's never been like this.

  • This moment of the history is is unique.

  • The city never been so empty.

  • During the war everybody affected in some way.

  • During this virus everyone live in a different way.

  • Everyone's got his own reality.

  • No matter what happening in the war, you never die alone.

  • From morning to evening, could you describe what you do?

  • Yeah, I just get out to start the day and to feel

  • the difference between day and night.

  • I prepare my breakfast. I work a bit at my computer and I study a bit.

  • Shortly after Italy's full lockdown other European countries followed as well.

  • The restrictions included a ban on public gatherings school closures and a shutdown of all but essential businesses.

  • But why a lockdown and what makes it effective?

  • The purpose of a lockdown is to break the chain of transmission through social distancing.

  • This will reduce the average number of infections from a confirmed case.

  • So in theory under a lockdown a confirmed case would go on to infect only one other person or even better zero.

  • That's better than that person

  • infecting 2, 3, even 4 other people, which is the average reproductive rate of covid- 19.

  • Take a look at this graph.

  • It shows the trajectory of cases in two separate cities in Italy Lodi and Bergamo

  • Lodi instituted a lockdown on the 23rd of February and

  • Bergamo on the 8th of March.

  • By then the daily total number of new cases and Lodi had began to stabilize

  • while those in Bergamo spiked.

  • Across the border the French are also under lockdown.

  • I caught up with Jessica Lageiro who has been isolating with her boyfriend Marcelo Anjos

  • in Paris since the government instituted its lockdown on March 17th.

  • That day, it was crazy.

  • People running in to buy things

  • Pasta, and toilet paper were started to end

  • but there were still a lot of things to buy

  • but the queues to the...the line to the pay were endless.

  • Whenever you have to go out you have to

  • sign a certificate and like saying where you're going what you're doing

  • just you have you can only do the things that they listed.

  • With swathes of Europe under lockdown it has triggered a lot of

  • uncertainty about when and how people can return to some semblance of normalcy

  • What I miss the most is the freedom to do whatever I want move around the country,

  • visit friends.

  • While there are a lot of questions about how long these lockdowns will last

  • what is certain is the economic impact of them .

  • The International Monetary Fund estimates that the global economy will shrink by 3% in 2020

  • a stark revision from its earlier prediction of a global expansion by 3.3 percent.

  • Italy's economy will shrink by 9.1% percent, worse than the 7.5% percent contraction expected for the Eurozone.

  • The situation is especially dire because the country was already burdened with

  • growing debt and a stagnant economy.

  • At the end of 2019, Italy had nearly 2.7 trillion dollars in public debt while its economy grew by a mere 0.3%

  • How much a month do you think you're losing or you've lost because of the lockdown?

  • 3,000 euros easily.

  • As the lockdown takes its toll on economies, many countries are hoping to ease the restrictions gradually,

  • including Austria Denmark and Norway, but even as thousands of shops reopened in Austria.

  • its government warned that the country is not out of the woods just yet .

  • Despite having fewer infections and fatalities than its neighbors the

  • government is treading cautiously.

  • The Alpine nation outlined a gradual reopening of the economy in mid-April

  • starting with garden centers, home Improvement stores

  • and shops no more than 4,300 square feet or the size of roughly two singles tennis courts.

  • Austrians will still have to adhere to social distancing rules and are advised to wear masks when shopping.

  • Whether Austria's plan to reopen the economy will leave a bitter aftertaste remains to be seen but

  • the World Health Organization's director-general has

  • cautioned against opening too soon and risking a deadly resurgence of cases.

  • Lifting restrictions too quickly could lead to a deadly resurgence

  • The way down can be as dangerous as the way up if not managed properly.

  • But the Austrian Chancellor cited the need to fight for every job as the reason for

  • pressing on with the reopening of the country's economy earlier than others.

  • For most European countries however, the end of the lockdown is still uncertain, but Jessica and Elena

  • are already creating their to-do lists for once they are out of quarantine.

  • We're gonna go out here in Venice and do what we used to do

  • that it seems like at the time normal and now we enjoy so much and be together have

  • a meal, have a dinner and walk around Venice with no restriction.

  • The first thing I think it would be to go to the parks

  • Because they closed all the parks here.

  • I don't know. I think it would be nice to just....and the sun. I miss the sun.

  • Take a walk. Yeah.

  • Thanks so much for watching our video.

  • Comment below and let us know if you're on lockdown too

  • and as usual don't forget to subscribe!

Lockdown, social distancing, quarantine

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ヨーロッパはコロナウイルスのロックダウンにどう対処しているのか|CNBCレポート (How Europe is coping with the coronavirus lockdown | CNBC Reports)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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